Presentation on theme: "Quiz: Intro to Psychoanalytic Theory"— Presentation transcript:
1Quiz: Intro to Psychoanalytic Theory 1. Which major 19th Century scientist and his theory greatly influenced Freud’s thinking?2. Freud’s tripartite (3-way) model of the human mind is known as the _________.3. The part of the mind that the individual is not aware of, that possesses memories and experiences not immediately be brought to awareness is the _______.4. The part of the mind the individual is aware of and provides contact with the external world is the _____.5. The part of the mind the individual is not immediately aware of but whose memories can be retrieved by directing one’s attention to it is called ________.
2Sigmund Freud: 1856-1939 Father of Modern Psychoanalytic thought Primary Concern?Workings of unconsciousMain insight?Personality made up of id, ego, super-ego (a complex)View of religion?An illusion, not realA collective neurosis
3Key QuestionsWhy is Freud considered one of the greatest thinkers of the 20th century?What is Freud’s Theory of Personality?What is the topographical model?What is the goal of psychoanalysis?How does Freud view/understand religion?
4Background: Life Father: struggling Jewish wool merchant Freud never really respected him (ambiguous feelings)Anti-Semitic societyMoved to Vienna when he was 4Complex family relationsInfluence of Catholic nanny1873: University of Vienna (95% Catholic)Discriminated, deeply hurt, isolated, wrong race, religion: atheist : deep aversion to Christianity
5Background continued1883: had a medical practice: pioneered electrotherapy and hypletion (water treatment)Had a female patient: “The Talking Therapy”Things that were unconscious were becoming consciousCollected observational case-studies and engaged in self-analysisThe Interpretation of Dreams (1900): people thought he was nuts
6Freud’s Theory of Personality The Topographical Model:Conscious: connects to external world; small, limited part of mental lifePreconscious: where much of work happens: unconscious made consciousUnconscious: dominant force in personalityLed to a refinement:IdEgoSuper-EgoKey insight: we are governed primarily by unconscious
7Personality?“A stable set of tendencies and characteristics that determine those commonalities and differences in people’s psychological behavior (thoughts, feelings, and actions) that have continuity in time and that may not be easily understood as the sole result of the social and biological pressures of the moment”Dr. Madeline Halligan, Fordham University
8Key QuestionsHow (in general) do the relationships between id, ego, and super-ego differ between a healthy and a neurotic person? (Defense mechanisms)How does Freud’s Theory of Instinct influence his Theory of Personality?What in Freud’s Theory of Religion can you say yes to? What can you not say yes to?
9Other Theories Theory of Instinct: starting point of human behavior Theory of Civilization/Culture: repression of instinctsTheory of Religion: illusion; wish followed by a fear; resolution of Oedipal ComplexAll are key to understanding Freud’s view of human mind and religion
10Theory of Instinct Aim of all human activity? satisfaction of instinctual drives: sex and aggression (whether artistic, cultural, religious)Life as continuous cycle of:Instinctual need/desire and resulting tensiondischarge of instinctual energy-reduction of tensionBuildup of instinctual need
11AssumptionsSatisfaction involves release/discharge of psychic energy and reduction of tensionFreud: sees person as torn between conflicting drives or instincts (conflictual, dualistic model)Libido: the sex instinct: two goals: pleasure (release of tension), and procreationWould evolve into his Theory of Eros (life instinct) and Thanatos (death instinct, turned into aggression instinct)
12Myers-Briggs Personality Profile Extrovert-Introvert: The way in which you gain energyIntuitive-Sensory: Way in which you take in informationThinking-Feeling: Way you process informationPerceiving-Judging: The way in which you utilize information you’ve gathered and processed
13Defense Mechanisms Freud: What is our basic problem? Repression: all mechanisms are repressive but repression is a particular form of defenseAre all part of egoEgo’s way of coping with anxiety, frustration, unacceptable impulses+/- impactsPositive?: Builds up ego: important
14Defense Mechanisms continued Minus?: distorts reality; prevents us from growing emotionallyRepression like sweeping the “garbage of our life” under a rug?Distinction between repression and suppression?Repression: unconscious, less reality-orientedSuppression: conscious, more reality based, healthier
15Quiz Theory of Religion 1.The primary struggle at the center of civilization, according to Freud is between ______ and _______2. According to Freud, religion contribute to the formation of civilization by forcing people to renounce _______ and _______3. True or False: Freud believes it is possible to have a healthy form of religious devotion
16Quiz Theory of Religion 4. Freud does not label religious beliefs as delusion (false) but as illusion, meaning that ____ is linked to the illusion5. Freud further understands religion as an obsessional neurosis, and is therefore more an expression of ______ than ______.
17Day 6How does Totemic religions offer insight into Freud’s Oedipal Complex?How do the two great prohibitions in Totemic religions act as the root of civilization and religion?
18Mechanisms of Defense Denial Displacement/transference Identification Intellectualization/IsolationReaction FormationSublimation*Projection
19Mechanisms of Defense and 2 Main Neurotic Styles First: each of us have elements of bothObsessive-CompulsiveCase-Study: “Jay”Detailed, dedicated, driven, predictableSad, anxious, industrious, insecure, self-sufficientStressed, volatile, distant, rigid, fearfulPrimary Defense?Intellectualization/Isolation of effectNot in touch with feelings: Thinking, not feeling
20Obsessive-Compulsives What do Obs-comps most think of?“I should….”How to treat? How to help grow emotionally, spiritually?Help link actions, events w/his feelingsMain characteristics?Aggressiveness, drive, ambitious, concerned with details (Anal personality)
21Hysterical Case #2: “Polly” Pretty, popular, social, feeling-type, center of social wheel, Social director of sorority,school performance erratic, lost best friend, grades fell, took year offSensitive to emotions of family, changed majorgenerally happy; when dark thoughts came, like avalanche
22Hysterical Style cont Primary Defense? Repression When analyze emotions, gets worseHow to treat/develop emotionally?Move more to thinkingWas flunking out: How did she react?Not quite denial but….minimizes, distances (minimization)When emotions come…..powerful, uncontrollable
234-Key Feelings If can change thinking, can change feelings Mad (angry) Glad (joyful)SadAfraidExample: insult-----anger-----replay over and overThinking greatly contributes to feelings
24Theory of Civilization Purpose? Repression of human aggression and hostilityProtect against nature (human and the world), and adjust people’s relations (infected with aggression and hostility to each other)Origin of civilization found between conflict between Eros and death instinctsAlso leads to rise of religion (Oedipal Complex)
25Theory of Religion Illusion, not real, neurosis… Grows out of repression of instincts: specifically, sex and aggressionReligion a function of super-ego: socialization of moral beliefs
26Theory of InstinctId is reservoir of instinctual desire in need of satisfaction: real or fantasy worldIn end, cannot be found in fantasy: impact of internet and virtual reality?Role of Ego:Decides how instinct is to be realistically satisfiedCalculates consequencesBuffer-zone between impulses of id and real world
27Theory of Instinct Super-Ego Inhibits id through moral reasoning of internalized views of parents and societyId: pleasure principleEgo: reality principleSuper-Ego: right and wrong principle (moral)
28What is our Problem?Repression: ego and super-ego repress desires of id
30Key Questions, continued Which system (biological, psychological, social) do the id, ego, and super-ego derive from and why?
31Freud’s Insight -Personality made up of Id, Ego, Super-ego -id: instinct: sex and aggression-Ego: develops from id: relates us to realitylooks for objects to satisfy-Super-ego: the internalization of the values of parents and culture