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Trinil Homo erectus erectus Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 225 Homo erectus I Pithecanthropus erectus –aka Homo erectus.

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Presentation on theme: "Trinil Homo erectus erectus Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 225 Homo erectus I Pithecanthropus erectus –aka Homo erectus."— Presentation transcript:

1 Trinil Homo erectus erectus Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 225 Homo erectus I Pithecanthropus erectus –aka Homo erectus erectus –aka “Java Man” Class Slides Set # 25 Tim Roufs’ section

2 "The ‘hobbit’ as envisaged by National Geographic. " (Image: National Geographic) -- BBC ?

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4 Australopithecus Homo habilis Homo erectus Homo sapiens Neandertals “Moderns” Pleistocene

5 Homo erectus Orrorin Ardipithecus Australopithecus Paranthropus Homo tugenensis ramidus anamensis afarensis africanus garhi aethiopicus boisei robustus rudolfensis ( “early” ) habilis ( “early” ) erectus sapiens

6 Homo Genus Homo Species rudolfensis ( “early” ) habilis ( “early” ) erectus –Java (Trinil) Pithecanthropus erectus –China (Beijing) Homo erectus pekinensis –Africa... –Europe... sapiens

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8 Time 23 July 2001

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10 The “hobbit”

11 Time 23 July 2001

12 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 268

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14 "The ‘hobbit’ as envisaged by National Geographic. " (Image: National Geographic) -- BBC ?

15 “Homo floresiensis” The Homo floresiensis type specimen (LB1) Liang Bua, Flores, Indonesia

16 Homo floresiensis (LB1) “The Hobbit”

17 Major Sites / Species Pithecanthropus erectus –aka Homo erectus erectus –aka “Java Man” –aka “Java People” Java, 1891

18 Eugene Dubois

19 Eugene Dubois Lewis et al, 9 th p. 230

20 Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7 th ed., p. 295

21 “Hobbit” “Java Man” Homo erectus Tsunami Quake Epicentre 20 Dec 2004 Earthquake Epicentre 28 Mar 2005 Earthquake Epicentre 12 Sept 2007

22 “Hobbit” “Java Man” Homo erectus Tsunami Quake Epicentre 20 Dec 2004 Earthquake Epicentre 28 Mar 2005 Earthquake Epicentre 12 Sept 2007

23 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 103

24 John E. Pfeiffer, The Emergence of Man, 4 th ed. (NY: Harper and Row, 1985), p Miocene Pleistocene Plocene

25 Australopithecu s Homo habilis Homo erectus Homo sapiens

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27 Australopithecu s Homo habilis Homo erectus Homo sapiens

28 Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7 th ed., p. 295 Solo River

29 The First Men (NY: Little, Brown, 1973), p. 42

30 Homo erectus Modern deposits and bones Sampoeng stratum (Neolithic) Ngandong stratum (Upper Pleistocene) Trinil stratum (Middle Pleistocene) Djetis stratum (Lower Pleistocene) Three or more strata (Pliocene) Java stratigraphy

31 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 238

32 Major Sites / Species Pithecanthropus erectus –aka Homo erectus erectus –aka “Java Man” –aka “Java People” Java, 1891

33 Trinil Homo erectus erectus Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 225

34 From Franz Weidenreich, “Morphology of Solo Man” 1951 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 227

35 From Franz Weidenreich, “Morphology of Solo Man” 1951 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 227

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38 Dubois’s model of Pithecanthropus erectus Humankind Emerging 7 th Ed., p. 300

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40 The Emergence of Humankind 4 th Ed., p. 105

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42 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 8th ed., p. 254

43 Pithecanthropus erectus = Homo erectus erectus = “Java Man”

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45 Kottak, Physical Anthropology & Archaeology (NY: McGraw-Hill, 2004), p. 202.

46 Kottak, Physical Anthropology & Archaeology (NY: McGraw-Hill, 2004), p. 203.

47 Homo erectus erectus 1.tool maker (Padjitan industry) Java people

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50 Australopithecu s Homo habilis Homo erectus Homo sapiens

51 Homo erectus Homo erecti are hand axe people

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55 Glossary divided the world of Homo erectus and their immediate descendants into the Acheulean hand-ax cultures of the West and the “chopper-chopping” cultures to the east The Movius Line ? -- Hallam Movius, 1948

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57 Source: Campbell and Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7 th ed, p. 334

58 Homo erectus erectus 1.tool maker (Padjitan industry) 2.lived in the open 3.had not yet invented fire 4.no evidence of hunting prowess, but was a predator 5.later descendents = Solo people Java people

59 Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7 th ed., p. 544

60 Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7 th ed., p. 326

61 Homo erectus - Homo sapiens (very late Homo erectus) probably had a capacity for language close to that of modern human 100,000 and 200,000 y.b.p. “Madeleine”

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63 “Peking Man” – aka Homo erectus pekinensis – aka Sinanthropus Class Slides Set # 26A Tim Roufs’ section Next


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