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Prepared by Marilyn Rausch Indiana State Association FCRV DAT Program.

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Presentation on theme: "Prepared by Marilyn Rausch Indiana State Association FCRV DAT Program."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Prepared by Marilyn Rausch Indiana State Association FCRV DAT Program

3 The U.S. Armed Forces Nuclear Biological and Chemical Survival Manual By Dick CouchBasic BooksCopyright 2003 Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

4  READYAmerica  U.S. Department of Homeland Security  Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

5  “DISASTER”: Crushing misfortune, a calamity, a terrible accident. Funk and Wagnell’s Dictionary  Natural Events (tornado, fire, flood, hurricane, etc.)  Nuclear, Biological and Chemical terrorism. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

6  Developing a Family Emergency Action Plan  Checklists for Disasters  Special procedures when you are at home, away from home and when your children are at school, when you are faced with terrorist threats. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

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8  “A FAMILY EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN WILL DO MORE TO SAVE LIVES THAN ALMOST ANY ACTIVITY CARRIED OUT BY THE GOVERNMENT.” U.S. Armed Forces Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Survival Manual. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

9  Basic Guidelines  Family Home Hazard Checklist  Family Disaster Supplies Kit  Family Car Getaway Kit  Family Emergency Evacuation and Escape Plan Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program

10 Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

11  Meet with all family members to discuss the dangers of all kinds of emergencies  Together, develop a family action plan to deal with each particular emergency. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

12  Have both local and out-of-town contact that every member can call. Make sure everyone knows the phone numbers and carries coins or prepaid phone cards.  Teach children how and when to call 911. Keep emergency phone numbers by all phones.  Instruct family members to turn on the radio for emergency information. COMMUNICATION Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

13  Draw floor plan of your home and mark at least two escape routes from each room.  Find the “safe spots” in your home for each type of disaster (basement for tornadoes, radiation threats, NOT for chemical attacks or floods, inside room without windows.  Pick two emergency meeting places… One near your home in case of fire. One outside your neighborhood in case you cannot return home. DESTINATION Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

14  Know locations of emergency exits, supplies, fire extinguishers, and utility shutoff places. Show family members how to use them.  Keep family records in waterproof and fireproof containers  Take basic First Aid and CPR classes. Get First Aid manual or Boy Scout manual.  Discuss what to do about power outages and personal injuries. OTHER INFORMATION Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

15  Guidelines when there is no time to prepare or find out what to do next.  Plans for supplies and actions before disaster happens.  Commonsense preparations for all types of emergency situations, then modified specifically for individual needs. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

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17 In your home, anything that can move, fall, break or cause a fire is a potential hazard during the shocks that would occur in a natural disaster or terrorist attack. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

18  Repair defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections.  Fasten all shelves securely to a sturdy wall.  Place large, heavy objects on lower shelves.  Hang pictures and mirrors away from beds.  Brace overhead light fixtures. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

19  Secure water heater by strapping it to wall studs.  Repair cracks in the ceiling and foundation.  Store weed killers, pesticides and other hazardous items away from heat sources.  Place oily polishing rags or waste in covered metal cans.  Clean and repair chimneys, flue pipes, vent connectors, gas vents. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

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21 Standard items form the basis of all Family Disaster Supplies Kits. Variations will depend on the size of the family and the special needs of individual family members. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

22  At least one gallon of water per person per day (store in unbreakable containers).  Prescription medication to last at least one week (more if traveling long distance)  Supply of nonperishable packaged or canned food, hand-operated can opener. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

23  Special foods as needed for infants, elderly persons or persons on special diets.  Nonprescription drugs that might be needed (aspirin, antacids, laxatives, etc.)  Change of clothing, rain gear, sturdy shoes for each family member. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

24  Thermal blankets and sleeping bags.  A first aid kit, including extra items over and above a normal workplace first aid kit.  Sanitation and personal hygiene items.  Cellular telephone with list of important numbers. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

25  Battery-powered radio, flashlight, extra batteries and bulbs.  Credit cards, cash.  Extra set of car keys.  List of physicians and phone numbers. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

26  Important family documents (wills, passports, financial records.)  “Outdoors” items, such as compass, matches, tent, plastic containers.  Items you may want to include for your kit (Gameboy for the kids, a Bible, other readings) Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

27  Do not only keep them in safe deposit boxes.  Make photocopies or computer disks and send them to friends or relatives who do not live in your area. If disaster destroys your home, bank, etc., you can retrieve them from a distance.  Include such things as copies of birth and marriage certificates, citizenship papers, Social Security cards, driver’s licenses, passports, home titles, contacts for insurance companies. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

28 State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

29 Added items in case you and your family need to evacuate your home to move to another location Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

30  Powerful flashlight and/or safety lantern with plenty of batteries.  Booster cables.  Fire extinguisher.  Tire repair kit and pump or aerosol flat-tire device. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

31  Maps, flares, other emergency signaling devices.  Full gas tank (keep your tank at least half full)  Certified container for gasoline.  Extra water, oil  Blankets (especially in winter). Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

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33  PREPARE AHEAD OF TIME ◦ Develop an escape plan. ◦ Draw a floor plan of your home, show locations of emergency exits, supplies, fire extinguishers, utility shutoff places. ◦ Plan a place outside of the home to meet. ◦ Practice emergency evacuation drills at least 2 times yearly, more often with younger children. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

34  Listen to a battery-powered radio for the location of emergency shelters.  Follow the instructions of local officials.  Wear protective clothing and sturdy shoes.  Take your Family Disaster Supplies Kit.  Lock your home.  Use travel routes specified by local officials.  Have cash on hand (ATMs may not work). When need comes to evacuate Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

35  Shut off water, gas, and electricity, if instructed to do so.  Let others know when you leave and where you are going.  Make arrangements for pets – animals are not allowed in shelters. If you have time and it is safe to do so… Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

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37  Become familiar with your community’s disaster preparedness procedures. If none are available, ask why.  Follow the directions of the emergency response personnel, the military, and the National Guard.  If you have particular skills, consider volunteering for special training in case of need. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

38  When you are at home.  When you are away from home.  When your children are at school.  When you are at your workplace.  In neighborhoods, apartment buildings.  In moving vehicles.  In high-rise buildings. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

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40  Gather all family members and all emergency supplies and proceed to your safe room.  Close all doors and windows and turn off ventilation system. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

41  Seal all windows and doors with plastic or duct tape.  Attempt to find out what kind of attack has occurred in order to anticipate needed first aid. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

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43  Proceed home quickly UNLESS otherwise directed by authorities to remain where you are.  Avoid high-profile venues. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

44  If outside, cover all exposed skin surfaces.  Protect the respiratory system as much as possible (shield your mouth, nose, and eyes with wet towels or wet paper towels.) Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

45  If the incident occurs inside a building, leave the building immediately and try to avoid the contaminated area on your way out. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

46  Talk to school authorities to find out what they will do in case of such an attack.  Ask how they communicate with families during a crisis.  Ask if they store adequate food, water, other basic supplies  Find out if they are able to “shelter in place,” and where they plan to go if they must get away. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

47  Are there adequate supplies on hand?  How can you communicate with family if you cannot leave?  How adequate is heating, air conditioning and ventilation system? Can it be turned off if necessary? Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

48  Talk to neighbors about how to work together in an emergency.  Find out if anyone has specialized equipment (generators) or expertise (medical knowledge) that may help in an emergency.  Plan who will check on elderly or disabled neighbors.  Make back-up plans for children if you can’t get home to them.  COMMUNICATE IN ADVANCE. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

49  If there is an explosion or other factor that makes it difficult to control the vehicle, pull over, stop the car, set the parking brake.  If roadway is unstable avoid overpasses, bridges, power lines, signs, and other hazards.  If a power line falls on your car, you are at risk of electric shock. Stay inside until a trained person removes the wire.  Listen to the radio and follow instructions. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

50  Note location of closest emergency exit.  Know another way out if first choice is blocked.  Take cover against a desk or table.  Move away from tall objects that might fall.  Face away from windows and glass.  Move away from exterior walls.  Determine if you should stay put, shelter-in-place, or get away.  Listen for and follow instructions.  Do not use elevators, and stay to the right on stairwells. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

51  Prepare ahead of time.  Communicate with your family about your plans in time of need.  Be aware of Disaster plans within your community. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

52  BE INFORMED about disaster threats.  BE PREPARED before disaster happens.  See pages in your handout that give useful links to government and non-profit agencies that can give more information before, during and after an event.  There are also pages on specific recommendations for actions to be taken in Explosions, Radiation Threat, Biological Threats and Chemical Threats. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program

53 Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

54  EXPLOSIONS  BIOLOGICAL THREAT  CHEMICAL THREAT  RADIATION THREAT Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

55 IF THERE IS AN EXPLOSION  TAKE SHELTER against a desk or sturdy table.  EXIT the building ASAP.  DO NOT USE ELEVATORS.  CHECK for fire and other hazards.  TAKE EMERGENCY SUPPLY KIT if time allows. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

56 IF THERE IS A FIRE  EXIT the building ASAP.  CRAWL low if there is smoke.  Use a wet cloth to COVER your nose and mouth.  Use the back of your hand to FEEL closed doors.  If the door is NOT HOT, brace against it and open it slowly.  If the door is HOT, do not open it. Look for another way out. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

57 IF THERE IS A FIRE (cont’d)  DO NOT USE ELEVATORS.  If you catch fire, do not run. STOP-DROP-ROLL to put out the fire.  If you are at home, go to a previously designated MEETING PLACE.  Account for your FAMILY MEMBERS and SUPERVISE small children.  NEVER go back into a burning building. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

58 IF YOU ARE TRAPPED IN DEBRIS  If possible, USE A FLASHLIGHT to signal your location to rescuers.  AVOID unnecessary movement so that you don’t kick up dust.  COVER YOUR NOSE AND MOUTH with anything you have on hand. (Dense weave cotton material acts as a good filter. Breathe through the material.)  TAP on a pipe or wall so that rescuers can hear where you are. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program

59 IF YOU ARE TRAPPED IN DEBRIS (cont’d.)  If available, use a WHISTLE to signal rescuers.  Shout ONLY as a last resort. SHOUTING CAN CAUSE A PERSON TO INHALE DANGEROUS AMOUNTS OF DUST AND DECREASES THE AMOUNT OF OXYGEN AVAILABLE. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

60 The DELIBERATE RELEASE of GERMS or other biological substances that can make you sick. Some biological agents, such as anthrax, do not cause contagious diseases. Others, like smallpox, can be caught from other people. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

61  May not be immediately obvious.  Usually identified through pattern of unusual illness.  You will probably learn of the danger through TV or Radio.  Not everyone may be in danger or need treatment. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program

62 LISTEN FOR FOLLOWING NEWS Are you in the group or area authorities consider in danger? What are the signs and symptoms of the disease. Are medications or vaccines being distributed. Where? Who should get them? Where should you seek emergency medical care if you become sick? Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

63 DURING A DECLARED BIOLOGIC EMERGENCY  BE SUSPICIOUS if a family member becomes ill.  DO NOT ASSUME that the illness is automatically the result of a biological attack. Symptoms overlap.  USE COMMON SENSE. Practice good hygiene and cleanliness.  IF YOUR SYMPTOMS MATCH THOSE THAT ARE DESCRIBED AND YOU ARE IN A GROUP CONSIDERED AT RISK: IMMEDIATELY SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

64 IF YOU ARE POTENTIALLY EXPOSED  Follow the instructions of doctors and other public health officials.  If the disease is contagious, stay away from others.  Seek medical treatment. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

65 IF YOU ARE AWARE OF A SUSPICIOUS SUBSTANCE  Quickly get away.  PROTECT YOURSELF. ◦ Cover your mouth and nose with layers of fabric that can filter the air but still allow breathing. ◦ WASH with soap and water. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

66 IF YOU ARE AWARE OF A SUSPICIOUS SUBSTANCE  Contact authorities.  Watch TV, listen to the radio, etc., to get official news and information as noted before.  IF YOU BECOME SICK, SEEK IMMEDIATE EMERGENCY ATTENTION. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

67 A DELIBERATE RELEASE of a TOXIC GAS, LIQUID OR SOLID THAT CAN POISON PEOPLE AND THE ENVIRONMENT. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

68 POSSIBLE SIGNS OF CHEMICAL THREAT  Many people suffering from watery eyes, twitching, choking, having trouble breathing or losing coordination.  Many sick or dead birds, fish, small animals are also a cause for suspicion. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

69 IF SIGNS ARE EVIDENT: FIND CLEAN AIR  Try to define impacted area where chemical is coming from.  TAKE IMMEDIATE ACTION TO GET AWAY. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

70 IF SIGNS ARE EVIDENT: FIND CLEAN AIR (cont’d)  If the chemical is INSIDE the building, get out without passing the contaminated area.  If you cannot get out without crossing the contaminated area, move as far away as possible and “shelter-in-place.” Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program

71 IF SIGNS ARE EVIDENT: FIND CLEAN AIR (cont’d)  If you are OUTSIDE, quickly decide what is the fastest way to find clean air. ◦ Can you get out of the area quickly. ◦ Is it better to go inside the closest building and “shelter- in-place”? Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

72 IF YOU THINK YOU HAVE BEEN EXPOSED TO A CHEMICAL 1. STRIP IMMEDIATELY AND WASH. 2. Look for a hose, fountain, or any source of water. Wash with soap if possible. Do not scrub chemical into your skin. 3. Seek emergency MEDICAL ATTENTION. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

73 Commonly referred to as a “dirty bomb” or “radiological dispersion device.” NOT A NUCLEAR BLAST! Use of common explosives to spread radioactive materials over a targeted area. Force of explosion and radioactive contamination is more localized. Exposure can be limited. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

74 IF THERE IS RADIATION THREAT OR “DIRTY BOMB” If you are outside, cover your mouth and nose. Quickly go inside a building that has not been damaged. CLOSE WINDOWS AND DOORS. TURN OFF AIR CONDITIONERS, HEATERS, VENTILATION SYSTEMS. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

75 IF THERE IS RADIATION THREAT OR “DIRTY BOMB” If you are inside a building that has been damaged, cover nose and mouth immediately. Go outside to find a building that has not been damaged and quickly get inside. CLOSE WINDOWS TURN OFF AIR CONDITIONERS, HEATERS AND OTHER VENTILATION SYSTEMS. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

76 IF THERE IS RADIATION THREAT OR “DIRTY BOMB”  If you think you have been exposed to radiation, take off your clothes and wash as soon as possible.  Stay where you are, watch TV, listen to the radio, check the Internet for official news as it becomes available. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

77 IF THERE IS RADIATION THREAT OR “DIRTY BOMB” To limit the amount of radiation that you are exposed to, think  SHIELDING: The more that is between you and the radioactive materials, the more of the radiation will be absorbed by the shield and the less will be your exposure.  DISTANCE: The farther away you are from the blast and the fallout, the lower your exposure.  TIME: Minimizing the time spent exposed will also reduce your risk. Indiana State Association FCRV Disaster Awareness Program 2005

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