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Hybrid Data Structure for IP Lookup in Virtual Routers Using FPGAs Authors: Oĝuzhan Erdem, Hoang Le, Viktor K. Prasanna, Cüneyt F. Bazlamaçcı Publisher:

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Presentation on theme: "Hybrid Data Structure for IP Lookup in Virtual Routers Using FPGAs Authors: Oĝuzhan Erdem, Hoang Le, Viktor K. Prasanna, Cüneyt F. Bazlamaçcı Publisher:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Hybrid Data Structure for IP Lookup in Virtual Routers Using FPGAs Authors: Oĝuzhan Erdem, Hoang Le, Viktor K. Prasanna, Cüneyt F. Bazlamaçcı Publisher: IEEE ASAP, 2011 Presenter: Jia-Wei,Yo Date: 2011/12/14 1

2 Introduction  Several ideas use leaf pushing and an additional shared search structure to eliminate the high memory bandwidth requirement.  increases the complexity in updates  decreases the memory efficiency by introducing data redundancy in the share next hop structure.  Don’t scale well as the number of virtual routers increases. 2

3 Introduction (1)A compact trie representation and a hybrid data structure for IP lookup that reduce the memory requirement. This structure does not need backtracking while preforming a search. (2)A merging algorithm that eliminates leaf pushing and simplifies the table updates in virtual routers. (3) A linear pipelined SRAM-based architecture on FPGAs that can support up to 3.1M IPv4 prefixes, while achieving a sustained throughput of 394 million lookups per second. 3

4 Hybrid data structure  Definition Active part (AP) of a prefix is the bit string between the most and least significant set bits of a prefix including the most significant set bit but not the least significant set bit. 4

5 Hybrid data structure  AP Example : *, 01001*, 1000*, 1001* * => 10* 01001* => 100* (conflict) 1000* => * 1001* => 100* (conflict) 5

6 Hybrid data structure 6

7 Hybrid data structure-Converted 7

8 8

9 Hybrid data structure-Constructing  A single binary trie is constructed for all the prepended prefixes of the virtual tables, using only their active part.  Trie is shallower and denser than a traditional binary trie.  Extra information is stored at each node to distinguish the conflicted prefixes.  An auxiliary data structure can be constructed for the conflicted prefixes. 9

10 Hybrid data structure-Constructing 10

11 Hybrid data structure-Lookup 11

12 Hybrid data structure-Update  Prefix insertion: If the new prefix conflicts with the existing prefixes, then the new prefix is added to the tree data structure.Otherwise, it is added to the trie data structure.  Prefix deletion: The target prefix is located and its valid bit is reset.  Route change: The target prefix is located and its next hop information is updated. 12

13 Architecture And Implementation On FPGA 13

14 Performance  Xilinx ISE 12.4 with Xilinx Virtex-6 XC6VSX475T with -2 speed  Clock period ns  Capable running at 197MHz  Using dual-pipeline,support 394 million lookups per second, or 126 Gbps ( for the minimum packet size of 40 Bytes ) 14

15 Performance 15 The number of conflict prefix is less than 10% of the total number of prefix.

16 Performance 16


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