Presentation on theme: "Teamwork Toward Permanency"— Presentation transcript:
1 Teamwork Toward Permanency Welcome to Session 2!Teamwork Toward Permanency
2 Remember the Core Competencies of PRIDE: Protecting and Nurturing ChildrenMeeting Children’s Developmental Needs and Addressing Developmental DelaysSupporting Relationships Between Children and Their FamiliesConnecting Children to Safe, Nurturing Relationships Intended to Last a LifetimeWorking as a Member of a Professional Team
3 Supplemental Handouts for This Session NJ Definition of an Abused or Neglected ChildFour Standards (Prongs) of the ASFA LawChildren in Foster Care and the CourtsDYFS HierarchyResource Family Reimbursement RatesSample Foster Parent ID LetterParental Roles for Children in Foster CareFamily and Medical Leave ActPre-School and Daycare for Children in CarePlacement Questions
4 Are there any questions from the last session that we can answer now? “Parking Lot”Are there any questions from the last session that we can answer now?
5 Responsibilities of DYFS DYFS has two essential mandates:Protect children from risk and harmConnect children to permanent relationships intended to last a lifetimeThese are accomplished in one of two ways:Enabling the family to care for the child, or whenever this is not possible,Connecting the child to another family
6 Examples in “Making a Difference!” Why was Child Protective Services called to intervene in Vernon’s case?How did Child Protective Services respond?What might Vernon have been feeling?What might Vernon’s mother have been feeling?
7 What factors might contribute to families who cannot care for their children? PovertyHomelessnessLoss of jobPhysical or mental illnessSubstance abuseDomestic ViolenceInsufficient family/community supportsLegal problems
8 How can foster care be a support for families experiencing these problems? Temporary respite during a stressful timeOpportunity for parents to enter treatmentEnsures safety for children while parents develop necessary skillsOpportunity for birth parents to work with foster parents on parenting issues and skills on behalf of the child“Families Helping Families”
9 Close your eyes for a moment and picture your loved one … How would you feel?Imagine that you are unable to care for a loved one. You have no choice but to find help. The loved one may be your parent, spouse, sibling, friend or child.Close your eyes for a moment and picture your loved one …
10 How would you feel?How do you feel about being unable to care for your loved one?What kind of caregiver do you want to find to care for your loved one?What might the caregiver do to make this easier for you?
11 Bridging the GapPRIDEBook Page 47 shows some ways that resource families can “bridge the gap” with birth families.Remember that as we bridge the gap between resource families and birth families, we also bridge the gap between children and their families.
12 “Family Forever” Video This video should help you understand foster care as a family-focused serviceIt will also help you understand how birth parents may experience their child’s placementYou’ll see how teamwork contributes to positive outcomes, in this case reunificationYou’ll also see some of the benefits and challenges of working with birth parents
14 Importance of Families to Children DYFS first seeks to enable the parents to meet the child’s basic needs while the child remains in the homeWhen a child is placed into foster care, every effort is made to work toward reunificationWhen reunification cannot occur, DYFS recognizes the importance of a family to a child by making alternative plans
15 Permanency Is:Having a sense of one’s past; including one’s cultural heritage and identityHaving a legal and social status that comes from being a family memberHaving safe, nurturing relationships intended to last a lifetime
16 Permanency Must Include: ConnectionsOngoing relationshipsCreate a sense of belonging and stabilityHelps promote cultural and personal identityContinuityChild understands connections between past, present and futureKnow where you’ve been and where you’re goingAlso helps promote cultural and personal identity
17 The GenogramA Genogram is a tool that can be used to help understand family connections and continuityProvides a “picture” of the family connections and continuitySimilar to a family tree, but with more finite detail (illnesses/addictions/relationships)You will prepare a genogram as part of your homework
18 The GenogramIf you have a computer and Internet access, there’s a program called GenoPro® that can help you do a genogram.The software costs about $50, but can be downloaded and used for FREE for 30 days.
19 Individuals - Children - Illnesses & Addictions Symbols for GenogramsIndividuals - Children - Illnesses & Addictions
20 Standard Symbols for Genograms Family Relationships - Unions
21 Emotional Relationships Symbols for GenogramsEmotional Relationships
23 DefinitionsPermanency planning is a set of activities and tasks directed toward achieving the child’s permanent goalConcurrent planning is the practice of directing activities and tasks toward more than one permanent goal at a time
24 How Are Children Placed? When an instance of abuse or neglect is reported in a family, DYFS initiates an investigationAs a result of the investigation, DYFS will do one of three things:Find the report to be unfounded and close the referral upon intakeOpen the case for services in an attempt to preserve the family (children remain in the home)Remove the children immediately on an emergent basis (Dodd removal)
25 How Are Children Placed? When preservation services are put in place, DYFS continues to work with the family until the issues have been resolved or until such time that it is determined that children are at risk of harmWhen a child is removed under non-emergent circumstances, it must be under the authority of a court orderWhen Dodd removals occur, DYFS must obtain a court order to continue the out-of-home placement within three business days
26 The DCF/DYFS Hierarchy Who do I call when I have a problem?
27 The DCF/DYFS Hierarchy Local Office ManagerCasework SupervisorSupervisor - OngoingOngoing CaseworkerResource Family
28 The DCF/DYFS Hierarchy Supervisor - OngoingOngoing CaseworkerSupervisor - Resource FamiliesResource FamilyResource Family Support Worker
30 Court TimelinesEvery child placed into care under court order is assigned a “law guardian” – an attorney that represents the child in courtAfter a child is in placement for about 45 days, the case is reviewed by the Child Placement Review Board (CPRB) – a panel of volunteers appointed by the presiding family court judge to review cases and make recommendations to the court on the child’s behalfA case is reviewed by the family court judge approximately every three months
31 Court TimelinesAround the 11th month of placement, the Court will hold a permanency hearingAt the permanency hearing, DYFS must present a permanent plan to the court, which must include an intent to terminate parental rights (TPR) if reunification with family is not imminentIf termination of parental rights is pursued, DYFS files a “guardianship complaint” which ultimately results in a TPR trial before the judge
32 Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) Federal legislation enacted in 1997NJ implementation defined by law(N.J.S.A. 30:4C-11.1)Expands the provisions of the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980States must demonstrate commitment to prevention and reunifications servicesEnsuring a child’s health, safety and timely permanency are DYFS’ paramount concern
33 Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) DYFS must demonstrate that reasonable efforts were made to prevent a placement or state why they were not possiblePermanency options include safe return home, adoption, or “alternative” planWhen a child is in placement for 15 of 22 months (about a year), DYFS must present a permanent plan, which must include termination of parental rights (TPR) or a statement of why TPR is not appropriate, if reunification is not likely
34 Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) The ASFA law does NOT mandate that if a child is in foster care for over a year, they automatically become free for adoption!
35 Timeline to Permanency Day 1 (assume emergency)Child is removed from home0 daysWithin 3 business daysInitial Court Hearing (Order to Show Cause, OSC)3 daysAbout 2 weeks laterFollow-up Court Hearing (Return on the OSC)2 weeks45 days after placementCPRB Initial Review45 daysAbout every 3 monthsCourt Hearing (Compliance Review)3 monthsAround 11th monthPermanency Hearing in Court12 monthsIf plan is TPR, within ~3 mosFiling of Guardianship Complaint15 monthsIf plan is TPR, within ~8 mosTPR trial is schedule (3-5 court days)24 monthsAfter TPR trial, within ~2 monthsJudge issues decision26 monthsWithin 45 days of TPR decisionParties may file appeal27 monthsAfter appeal filed, up to 1 yrAppellate Division hears appeal39 months
36 Timeline to Permanency Number of Months from TPR to Adoption (FY2005) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Children's Bureau,Preliminary Estimates for FY 2005 as of September 2006
37 Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) In order to terminate parental rights, a judge must be satisfied that DYFS has met four specific standards or prongs, “based on the preponderance of the evidence presented” …
38 Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) The child's safety, health or development has been or will continue to be endangered by the parental relationship.The parent is unwilling or unable to eliminate the harm facing the child or is unable or unwilling to provide a safe and stable home for the child and the delay of permanent placement will add to the harm. Such harm may include evidence that separating the child from his foster parents would cause serious and enduring emotional or psychological harm to the child.
39 Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) The Division has made reasonable efforts to provide services to help the parent correct the circumstances which led to the child's placement outside the home and the court has considered alternatives to termination of parental rights.Termination of parental rights will not do more harm than good.
40 Parental Roles Giving birth (Birth Parent) Legal responsibility (Legal Parent)Protecting & nurturing (Caregiving Parent)For children in placement, it is important to remember that these parental roles may be held by different people or agencies.
41 Parental Roles Birth Parent List all of the things children are given only through their birth parents …Birth ParentAddictionsCitizenshipConsent (medical/education/general)Family/TraditionLifeGeneticsEye/Hair/Skin ColorGenderPhysical CharacteristicsPersonalityIntelligenceHealth IssuesHeritage/HistoryNamePrenatal CareReligion/CultureSiblings/RelativesTalents
42 List all of our legal responsibilities as parents … Parental RolesList all of our legal responsibilities as parents …AdvocateClothing – Subsidy (monthly allowance) from DYFSConsent (general) / Power of AttorneyDay Care - Contracts w/approved providersEducation – Consent for Transfer/IEPEthicsFood – DYFS Subsidy/WICHealthcare – Medicaid/Placement Physical/ConsentIdentification – Foster Parent ID LetterLiabilityNameProtectionSafety – Various assessments by DYFSShelter – SubsidySupervisionTherapyLegal Parent
43 List all of the things we do for our children every day … Parental RolesList all of the things we do for our children every day …AcceptanceAdvocateAffectionBuy ThingsClothingComfortCommitmentConsistencyDay CareDevelop TalentsDisciplineDocumentation/ChronicleFamily/TraditionsFoodHealthcareHobbiesHugsHumorHygieneInteractionLanguageLiabilityLife SkillsListeningLove/AffectionMorals/EthicsMotivationNurturingOpportunityPatiencePlayingProtectionQuality TimeReligionRole ModelSafetySchool/HomeworkShelterSports/RecreationStructureSupervisionSupportTeachTherapyToleranceTransportationTrustUnderstandingVacation/RecreationValuesCaregiving Parent
44 How might these distributed roles make CHILDREN feel? Parental RolesHow might these distributed roles make CHILDREN feel?Child in CareNegativePositiveAbandonedAbnormalAngryConflictedConfusedDepressedDisappointedFrustratedHesitantLost/MisplacedRejectedSadScaredHappyHopefulRelievedSafeThankful
45 Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) Federally enacted in 1993Entitles eligible employees to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave in a 12-month period for specified family and medical reasons12-month period is at discretion of the employer (calendar, anniversary, fiscal)Defines entitlement to leave, maintenance of health benefits during leave and job restoration after leave
46 Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) For more information about FMLA, visitNew Jersey has adopted the provisions of the FMLA through the New Jersey Family Leave Act (NJFLA)
47 Guidelines for Effective Teamwork Team members need to share child welfare values and a respect for child welfare laws.Team members need to respect one another’s complementary roles and value one another’s perspectives.Team members need to have a clear understanding of the goals and objectives, and ensure that these are shared among all team members.
48 New Jersey Family Team Meetings A component of child welfare reform planBring together supportive resources to assess the family needsHelp keep the family and team members focused on plan of actionUse conflict resolution methods that encourage collaboration and build consensus regarding placement and servicesTrain other staff to become effective facilitators
49 New Jersey Family Team Meetings Identify needed interventions in finding solutions for the familyEmpower families to achieve their desired outcomes
50 Team Members Could Include DYFS staff (caseworker, supervisor)Foster parentsCourt Appointed Special Advocate (CASA)Law GuardianService Providers
51 Let’s add them to our Parking Lot! Are there any questions that you had that may not have been answered during this session?Let’s add them to our Parking Lot!
52 Key Points, PRIDEBook Pages 52-56 CLOSUREKey Points, PRIDEBook Pages 52-56A Birth Parent’s Perspective, PRIDE Book Pages 59-61PRIDE Connection exercises, PRIDEBook Pages (copy in packet)Making A Difference!, PRIDEBook Page 65-66Session 3: Meeting Developmental Needs: Attachment
53 Quickly answer the following questions from PRIDEBook Page 48. Exercise: Resource 2-FQuickly answer the following questions from PRIDEBook Page 48.
54 Exercise: Resource 2-F What do you plan to do tomorrow? Who do you plan to have with you tomorrow?What do you want to be doing one year from now (personally or professionally)?Who do you plan to have with you then?What would you like to accomplish in the next five years?Who would you like to have sharing your accomplishments?
55 Questions for Video Clip #1 & Clip #2 What does the foster mother do that demonstrates her ability to work as a member of a team in “shared parenting?”How will this help “Annie” to deal with loyalty conflicts?
56 Charlie Small group activity Each group will represent one of the following:BirthParentCaseworkerFoster ParentSchool TeacherCounselorWhat knowledge, skills, and/or experience do you bring to the table?
57 Print out the slides following this slide as supplemental handouts.