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Presented to: By: Date: Federal Aviation Administration Federal Aviation Administration Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape April 26, 2010 Regional.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented to: By: Date: Federal Aviation Administration Federal Aviation Administration Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape April 26, 2010 Regional."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented to: By: Date: Federal Aviation Administration Federal Aviation Administration Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape April 26, 2010 Regional Airline Training Symposium John Duncan, Manager, Air Transportation Division

2 2 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 2 Topics FAA Call to Action on Airline Safety and Pilot Training FAA’s Training Vision Current Rulemaking Activities Other FAA Activities

3 3 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 3 We are facing a challenge. 12/22/09:American B737 at Kingston 3/22/09FedEx MD11 at Narita 2/12/09:Colgan Air Q400 at Buffalo 1/27/09:Empire Airways ATR42 at Lubbock 12/20/08: Continental B737 at Denver 7/7/08: Kalitta B747 at Bogota 2/18/07: Shuttle America E170 at Cleveland 12/16/07: Air Wisconsin CRJ200 at Providence 8/27/06: Comair CRJ200 at Lexington

4 4 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 4 We are facing a challenge. Demand for pilots has increased. The number of available military and experienced civil pilots has decreased. The experience level in the pool of potential new air carrier pilots is lower. What is necessary to develop new crewmembers ready for air carrier operations?

5 5 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 5 FAA’s Airline Safety and Pilot Training Action Plan Revise crewmember fatigue regulations. 12 roundtable safety forums Conduct focused inspections Encourage voluntary disclosure of FAA records, prior to hire. Promote FOQA and ASAP. Promote professional standards and code of ethics. Mentoring Publish a Final Rule on crewmember training.

6 6 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 6 Roundtable Safety Forums Some recurring topics: –Need for better screening of pilots –Need to avoid “cookie-cutter” solutions –More effective use of scenario-based training –Consider using social media to improve communication and facilitate mentoring relationships –Rethink “upgrade” training

7 7 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 7 Focused Training Inspection Objectives of inspection: –Determine if Part 121 air carriers are tracking low- time or poor-performing pilots. –Determine if training and qualification programs are effective.

8 8 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 8 Focused Training Inspection Of all non-AQP Part 121 air carriers (n=85): –Approximately 90% required following SOP to develop positive patterns of behavior. –Approximately 60% of air carriers managed and tracked low- time crewmembers. –Approximately 75% of air carriers managed and tracked poor- performing crewmembers. –Approximately 65% of air carriers assessed the effectiveness of remedial actions. –Approximately 65% of air carriers conducted trend analysis on their training programs. We intend to publish guidance to operators on how to incorporate elements of SMS, including remedial training, into training programs.

9 9 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 9 Voluntary Disclosure of Records The Pilot Records Improvement Act requires an air carrier to review 5 years of pilot records, prior to placing the pilot in service. Current requirements: –Current certificates and history of enforcements –Prior employment records, including performance –National Driver Registry. Administrator Babbitt has requested air carriers also ask for voluntary disclosure of additional FAA records, including all notices of disapproval.

10 10 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 10 Promoting Voluntary Programs In June, 2009, Administrator Babbitt wrote all part 121 air carriers to request: –Participation in ASAP and FOQA; –Development of processes for data analysis. FAA is requesting air carriers also provide ASAP data to the Aviation Safety Information Analysis and Sharing System (ASIAS).

11 11 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 11 Promoting Professionalism We cannot regulate professionalism. Administrator Babbitt has requested the assistance of employee organizations to establish: –Professional standards and ethics committees; –Published codes of ethics.

12 12 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 12 Mentoring We all agree, mentoring is a good thing. What does mentoring look like? We wish to promote mentoring between: –Captains –Captains and first officers –First officers

13 13 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 13 FAA’s Training Vision A robust training program will identify, select and prepare confident, skilled and well- rounded pilots, who are prepared to assume command of their aircraft in all situations and manage their aircraft both within the normal flight envelope and excursions from the envelope in order to provide safe air transportation.

14 14 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 14 Training Vision Concepts Capitalize – on crew training Maximize – use of simulation Harmonize – global effort

15 15 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 15 Pilot Selection and Retention Identify pilot candidates capable of developing the competencies for the air carrier operating environment. Continuously screen pilot performance during training, qualification and career.

16 16 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 16 Pilot Characteristics Good moral character Able to maintain situational awareness Demonstrate disciplined, professional behavior at all times Demonstrate good aeronautical decision- making; leveraging general knowledge, flight experience and common sense

17 17 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 17 Characteristics of the Training System Seamless training process Structured pilot development Scenario- and evidence-based training Continuous analysis process Improved, expanded and required use of simulation Proficiency-based training Quality evaluation program

18 18 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 18 Current Rulemaking Activities NPRM: Qualification, Service and Use of Crewmembers and Aircraft Dispatchers ANPRM: New Pilot Certification Requirements for Air Carrier Operations

19 19 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 19 NPRM Update Published in the Federal Register on January 12, 2009, with the comment period closing on August 10, Because of the complexity of the issues and the concerns raised by commenters, the FAA is issuing a supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking (SNPRM), which is currently undergoing internal management coordination. The FAA anticipates publication in Fall 2010.

20 20 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 20 ANPRM Update Published in the Federal Register on February 8, Four concepts: –(1) Requirement for all pilots employed in part 121 air carrier operations to hold an Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) certificate with the appropriate aircraft category, class and type rating, or meet the aeronautical experience requirements of an ATP certificate; –(2) Academic training as a substitute for flight hours experience; –(3) Endorsement for air carrier operations; and, –(4) New additional authorization on an existing pilot certificate. The FAA has also asked for recommendations from industry and the public on any other concepts they may wish to offer. The comment period closed on April 9, The FAA is in the process of reviewing the comments.

21 21 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 21 Other FAA Activities Joint Industry/FAA Workgroup re. stall training International Committee for Aviation Training in Extended Envelopes (ICATEE)

22 22 Federal Aviation Administration RATS Breakout Session I: Regulatory Landscape 22 Questions? John Duncan Air Transportation Division, AFS Independence Avenue SW Washington, DC (202)


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