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Conflict and Cohesion By: Ji Hyeon Choi Jihye Han Evelyn Lu.

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1 Conflict and Cohesion By: Ji Hyeon Choi Jihye Han Evelyn Lu

2 Bullying: Summary of “Bullying among sixth graders a daily occurrence” Over half of the six graders in two public schools in Los Angeles were bullied at least once in the five-day observation period Children were emotionally wounded when they were bullied The percentage of children who has either seen someone getting bullied or gotten bullied is 66% at one school, and 47% at another Children get hurt by being witnesses too because they don't like it when they see their peers getting picked on Wolpert, S. (2005, March). Bullying among sixth graders a daily occurrence, UCLA study finds. AScribe Health News Service. Retrieved April 18, 2005, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database. Evelyn Lu

3 Bullying: Justification of “Bullying among sixth graders a daily occurrence” Psychology –disturbance in children's mental development when bullied Sociology – evidence of how children treat one another in school Bullying - occurring in elementary schools Socialization - children socialize with bullies under socialization Evelyn Lu Bullying. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from

4 Classism: Summary of “Down and out in discount America” Wal-mart accused of: Targeting low class Creating poverty Threatening union workers Violating overtime laws 2003, welfare scam exposed by Lieber 2004, bill to reimburse government revoked in California Featherstone, L. (2005, March 1). Down and out in discount America. Nation. Retrieved April 16, 2005, from Jihye Han

5 Classism: Justification of “Down and out in discount America” Promotes Social inequality Discriminates against pro-union workers Takes advantage of poor - classism Jihye Han Wal-Mart. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from

6 Genocide: Summary of “Waiting for the denial to end” In , 1.5 million of 2.5 million Armenians living in Turkey exterminated ArmeniansTurks  Published series of documents  “Turks should not get away, for it would serve as precedent for future denials”  “no evidence that diaries are not forged”  “result of massive Armenian rebellion” “no evidence of a decision to massacre” Shehori, D. (2005, April 16). Waiting for the denial to end. Haaretz. Retrieved April 16, 2005, from Ji Hyeon Choi

7 Genocide: Justification of “Waiting for the denial to end” Racism - discrimination against Armenians Stages of Prejudice - extermination Genocide Ingroup - Turks Outgroup - Armenians Ji Hyeon Choi Armenian genocide. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from

8 Bullying: Overview of “Observation of aggressive and non-aggressive children” Objective: To observe children for patterns of aggressive behaviour in the playgrounds and in the classroom. Find a relationship between the bullies and the victims. Method: During the four year observation period, they installed a video camera to observe classroom behaviour Conclusion: Kids are more likely to show signs of aggression at grade 4-5 Most aggression were shown verbally Both boys and girls bully Pepler D. J., Craig, W.M., Roberts, W. L. (1998, Jan.). Observations of aggressive and non-aggressive children on the school playground. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly 44, Retrieved Apr. 19, 2005, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database. Evelyn Lu

9 Bullying: Justification of “Observation of aggressive and non-aggressive children” Bullying starts at a young age Both genders bully Evelyn Lu Bullying in Playground. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from

10 Classism: Overview of “Boys of class, boys of color” Objective: To observe and contrast the experiences of students from different backgrounds Method : Hour-long interviews with students about personal views on the school. Conclusion : Clear social hierarchies Hidden curriculum Kuriloff, P. J. & Reichert M. C. (). Boys of class, boys of colour: negotiating the academic and social geography of an elite independent school. Journal of Social Issues, 59, Retrieved April 29, 2005, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database. Jihye Han

11 Classism: Justification of “Boys of class, boys of color” Social Inequality within the school Discrimination Racism Classism Hidden curriculum Jihye Han The Haverford School. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from

12 Genocide: Overview of “Genocidal chaos and world Response to mass murder” Objective To explain the increasing intolerance against genocide by the international community Method Analyzation of East Timor case in 1975 and Conclusion Variation in support levels, based upon issue and quality of political leadership Media generates support for interventions. Centrality of policymaking by policymakers executives. Growth of non-governmental organizations Ji Hyeon Choi Jackson, M.G. (2001, Mar.). Something must be done? Genocidal chaos and world Response to mass murder in East Timor between 1975 and International Journal of Politics and Ethics, 1, Retrieved Apr. 29, 2004, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database.

13 Genocide: Justification of “Genocidal chaos and world Response to mass murder” Response to genocide Prevention of extermination Conformity Socializing agent – media Ji Hyeon Choi Remains of Rwanda genocide. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from

14 Hypothesis of Survey Based on Classism Lack of awareness Higher classes more classist Classism is pervasive - present in everyday life Classism tends to be justified by materialistic values

15 Question #5: Marks awarded for school projects relates to the amount of money spent into it

16 Question #11: Feelings about privatization of health care

17 Conclusion of Survey Based on Classism Lack of awareness Agreement that landlords can block poor renters No change in opinion though illegal Higher classes more classist In favour to privatization of health care Denies relationship between money and marks

18 Works Cited List Articles Featherstone, L. (2005, March). Down and out in discount America. Nation. Retrieved April 16, 2005, from Shehori, D. (2005, April 16). Waiting for the denial to end. Haaretz. Retrieved April 16, 2005, from Wolpert, S. (2005, March). Bullying among sixth graders a daily occurrence, UCLA study finds. AScribe Health News Service. Retrieved April 18, 2005, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database. Journals Pepler D. J., Craig, W.M., Roberts, W. L. (1998, Jan.). Observations of aggressive and non- aggressive children on the school playground. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly 44, Retrieved Apr. 19, 2005, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database. Jackson, M.G. (2001, Mar.). Something must be done? Genocidal chaos and world Response to mass murder in East Timor between 1975 and International Journal of Polictics and Ethics, 1, Retrieved Apr. 29, 2004, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database. Kuriloff, P. J. & Reichert M. C. (2000, Dec.). Boys of class, boys of colour: negotiating the academic and social geography of an elite independent school. Journal of Social Issues, 59, Retrieved April 29, 2005, from Gale Expanded ASAP Academic Database.

19 Works Cited List Images Armenian genocide. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from Bullying. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from Bullying in Playground. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from Remains of Rwanda genocide. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from The Haverford School. (2005). [Online photograph] Retrieved June 8, 2005, from Wal-Mart. (2005). [Online photograph]. Retrieved June 8, 2005, from

20 Questions Why do you think teachers often overlook bullying? What do you think Wal-Mart's policies of low wages are promoting? Why do you think people make a big deal about whether the massacre is a genocide or not?

21 The End


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