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Se-Yeon Park Paediatric SHO 29 nd May 2012. Definition of Music Therapy Prescribed use of music and musical interventions for the purpose of restoring,

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Presentation on theme: "Se-Yeon Park Paediatric SHO 29 nd May 2012. Definition of Music Therapy Prescribed use of music and musical interventions for the purpose of restoring,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Se-Yeon Park Paediatric SHO 29 nd May 2012

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3 Definition of Music Therapy Prescribed use of music and musical interventions for the purpose of restoring, maintaining and improving health and well- being. Provides a means with which people can build connections with their inner selves and with others around them.

4 Background Can be one-to-one or in groups, live vs recorded, passive vs active participation. Has been used for centuries (eg David playing the harp for King Saul, Hipprocrates played music for his mental patients) There is now a BAMT established 2011 Increasing evidence showing effectiveness

5 Music Therapy for children Pain/Anxiety Growth Palliative care Disability Social ability Happiness!

6 Music therapy + Several studies/reviews suggest music may reduce pain during procedures: -venepuncture/immunisations -lumbar puncture -burn dressing changes -post operative management Balan R, Bavdekar SB, Jadhav S. Can Indian classical instrumental music reduce pain felt during venepuncture?Indian J Pediatr May;76(5): Epub 2009 Apr 23. Klassen JA et al. Music for pain and anxiety in children undergoing medical procedures: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Ambul Pediatr Mar-Apr;8(2):

7 Music therapy + Anxiety Music significantly (p=0.017) reduced anxiety in A+E Aromatherapy was not significantly effective (p=0.347) Live music reduced the time needed for MRI scans (decreased movements + break requests) Music helped with crying in premature infants Holm L, Fitzmaurice L. Emergency department waiting room stress: can music or aromatherapy improve anxiety scores?Paediatr Emerg Care Dec;24(12): Walworth DD. Effect of live music therapy for patients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging. J Music Ther Winter;47(4): Keith DR, Russell K, Weaver BS. The effects of music listening on inconsolable crying in premature infants. J Music Ther Fall;46(3):

8 Music therapy + Growth Energy expenditure is decreased (10%) Live harp music led to reduced activity (p<0.01 – from 5000 to 490 movements per hour) - increased weight gain (p<0.01 – 19.1g/kg/d vs 13.3) Lubetzky R et al. Effect of music by Mozart on energy expenditure in growing preterm infants. Pediatrics Jan;125(1):e24-8. Epub 2009 Dec 7. Kemper KJ, Hamilton C. Live harp music reduces activity and increases weight gain in stable premature infants. J Altern Complement Med Dec;14(10):

9 Music therapy + Palliative Care Beneficial for pain control, distress and mood, and quality of life Parents 23 times more likely to report satisfaction with the palliative care package (p<0.05) Hanser S. Music therapy in adult oncology: research issues. A Review. J Soc Integr Oncol Spring;4(2):62-6. Lindenfelser KJ et al. Music therapy in pediatric palliatrive care: family-centered care to enhance quality of life. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2012 May 29(3): Knapp et al. Music therapy in an integrated pediatric palliative care program. Am J Hosp Palliat Care Dec-2010 Jan;26(6): Epub 2009 Aug 7.

10 Music therapy + Disability Pitch perception improved in prelingually deafened children with cochlear implants Synergistic effect with acupuncture to improve movement in cerebral palsy (p<0.05) Increases attentive behaviour in visually impaired children (p=0.02) Chen JK, Chuang AY, McMahon C, Hsieh JC, Tung TH, Li LP. Music training improves pitch perception in prelingually deafened children with cochlear implants. Pediatrics Apr;125(4):e Epub 2010 Mar 8. Yu HB, Liu YF, Wu LX. Acupuncture combined with music therapy for treatment of 30 cases of cerebral palsy. J Tradit Chin Med Dec;29(4): Robb SL. Music interventions and group participation skills of preschoolers with visual impairments: raising questions about music, arousal, and attention. J Music Ther Winter;40(4):

11 Music therapy + Social May improve peer awareness Reduces aggression and improves self esteem May help children with autism / delayed speech development to communicate -Sussman JE. The effect of music on peer awareness in preschool age children with developmental disabilities. J Music Ther Spring;46(1): Choi AN, Lee MS, Lee JS. Group Music Intervention Reduces Aggression and Improves Self-esteem in Children with Highly Aggressive Behavior: A Pilot Controlled Trial. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Jun;7(2): Epub 2008 Jul 17. -Gold C, Wigram T, Elefant C.Music therapy for autistic spectrum disorder. Cochrane Database Syst Review Apr 19;(2):CD Gross et al. Effects of music therapy in the treatment of children with delayed speech development – results of a pilot study. BMC Complement Altern Med 2010 Jun 21;10-39

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14 Music therapy + Happiness Music therapy leads to greater happiness than play therapy May promote positive parenting and child development Hendon C, Bohon LM. Hospitalized children's mood differences during play and music therapy. Child Care Health Dev Mar;34(2): Nicholson JM et al. Impact of music therapy to promote positive parenting and child development. J Health Psychol Mar;13(2):

15 Summary Inexpensive Non-pharmacological Non-invasive Potential benefit psychologically and physiologically. However studies are too heterogeneous Larger/International multi-centre cooperation required Austin D. The psychophysiological effects of music therapy in intensive care units. Paediatr Nurs Apr;22(3): Mrazova M, Celec P. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials using music therapy for children. J Altern Complement Med Oct;16(10): Epub 2010 Oct 9.

16 Possible suggestions ??? Music in the waiting room in A+E Music on the wards Encourage music in each cubicle Considering hiring a music therapist Instruments in the play area Mini concerts

17 In the meantime… feel free to sing!!

18 Thank you for listening! “Music speaks what cannot be expressed, soothes the mind and gives it rest, heals the heart and makes it whole, flows from heaven to the soul.”


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