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What do these have in common? CO 2 H 2 O C 3 H 8 HCl C 6 H 12 O 6 MgCl K 2 O
They are all compounds – 2 or more elements chemically bound together
Ionic Compounds Ionic compounds are compounds that consist of a positive ion and a negative ion that are attracted to one another because of their opposite electrical charges.
What are ions? An atom or group of atoms that has gained or lost electrons and has a negative or positive charge as a result.
Positively charged ions (cations) Ca 2+ Na + K + Mg 2+ Al 3+ Sr 2+ The first one is a calcium ion. What are the other ones called?
Sodium Potassium Magnesium Aluminum Strontium
Negatively charged ions (anions) Cl - F - O 2- P 3- S 2- N 3- The first one is a chloride ion. What are the other ones called?
Fluoride Oxide Phosphide Sulfide Nitride
What happens when two oppositely charged ions come together? Na + + Cl - ?
They form an ionic compound that has a neutral charge! NaCl
Quick Task Take all 6 positively charged ions from this presentation and combine them with the 6 negatively charged ions from the this presentation and write their names and formulas
Names are easy – positive ions first and negative ions last Sodium chloride
A bunch of names Calcium chloride Calcium fluoride Calcium oxide Calcium phosphide Calcium sulfide Calcium nitride Sodium chloride Sodium fluoride Sodium oxide Sodium phosphide Sodium sulfide Sodium nitride Potassium chloride Potassium fluoride Potassium oxide Potassium phosphide Potassium sulfide Potassium nitride Magnesium chloride Magnesium fluoride Magnesium oxide Magnesium phosphide Magnesium sulfide Magnesium nitride Aluminum chloride Aluminum fluoride Aluminum oxide Aluminum phosphide Aluminum sulfide Aluminum nitride Strontium chloride Strontium fluoride Strontium oxide Strontium phosphide Strontium sulfide Strontium nitride
Formulas? Remember they have to be neutral after they combine Ca 2+ + Cl - ?
Ca 2+ combines with 2 Cl - to give: CaCl 2 The 2 chlorides add up to -2, cancelling out the +2 charge of the calcium
A bunch of formulas CaCl2 CaF2 CaO Ca3P2 CaS Ca3N2 NaCl NaF Na2O Na3P Na2S Na3N KCl KF K2O K3P K2S K3N MgCl2 MgF2 MgO Mg3P2 MgS Mg3N2 AlCl3 AlF3 Al2O3 AlP Al2S3 AlN SrCl2 SrF2 SrO Sr3P2 SrS Sr3N2
- What are Ionic Bonds? - Writing Compounds. - Naming Ionic Bonds - Writing Ionic Compounds from names.
How many valence electrons are in an atom of magnesium?
OB: naming simple monoatomic ionic compounds You must have your own reference tables open to the periodic table now. No calculators needed. One big chunk.
atoms that are now stable because they have gained or lost valence electrons resulting a positively or negatively charged atom.
Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com If these elements were locked in a room all night, who would hook up with who?
Compound 2 or more elements combined in a fixed proportion Binary Composed of 2 elements.
Combining Elements How Chemical Compounds Are Made.
Metal atoms lose e- to form positive ions called cations: K + Ca 2+ NH 4 + Nonmetal atoms gain e- to form negative ions called anions: Cl - S 2- CO 3 2-
Properties of Ionic Compounds Forming NaCl from Na and Cl 2 A metal atom can transfer an electron to a nonmetal. A metal atom can transfer an electron.
IPC Notes Ionic Compound Names & Formulas. Remember… ions - atoms that have a positive or negative charge Oxidation number – the charge that an ion has.
CHEMISTRY PART 6 Ionic Compounds Charges of transition metals will be given in the periodic table as their formation is complicated.
Ionic Compounds Ionic Compounds. Chemistry Joke Q: Why do chemists like nitrates so much? A: They’re cheaper than day rates!
Formation of compounds. What happens when a piece of burning sodium is placed in a gas jar of chlorine? sodium chlorine + sodium chloride.
Naming Ionic Compounds. Rules Name the metallic ion (cation) 1 st (whole name) Name the nonmetallic ion (anion) 2 nd, but change the ending to “ide” The.
Filling the orbitals 1s 2s 2p 3s 3p 4s 3d 4p 5s 4d 5p...
Ions & Ionic Bonding. Ionatoms that has an electrical charge Ion: any atom or group of atoms that has an electrical charge. Since protons and neutrons.
Ions and Ionic Bonding L.O. To know how atoms form ions and be able to represent ionic bonding.
COMPOUNDS chemical combination of two or more different elements chemical combination of two or more different elements two types: two types: IONIC IONIC.
1 Nomenclature writing chemical formulas naming chemical compounds Chapter 5 potassium chromatepotassium dichromate.
III. Writing & Naming Ionic Formulas. A. Ionic Compound Basics Always composed of a metal and a nonmetal Metal donates an electron to the nonmetal Metal.
Ionic bond. One electron lost One electron gained.
Binary Ionic Compounds. Elements 1-20 NaBr MgCl Al 2 O 3 CaF 2 KCl Sodium Bromide Magnesium chloride Aluminum oxide Calcium fluoride Potassium chloride.
Two atoms are walking down the street. Says one atom to the other, "Hey! I think I lost an electron!" The other says, "Are you sure??" "Yes, I'm positive!"
How to Hold it Together Ionic Bonds Ch. 5, Sec. 2.
Naming ionic compounds Binary ionic 2 different elements.
1) Bell Ringer: What are valence electrons? What is the difference between an ionic and molecular compound? 2) Worksheet #13 3) QUIZ #6.
Ionic Bonds & Ionic Compounds Types of ions – Monatomic ions - ions formed from a single atom. Ca 2+, K +, Al 3+, Cu +, Cu 2+, Fe 2+, Fe 3+, Cl -, O 2-,
Ionic Bonding. Pure Substances & Nomenclature Pure substances can exist in several forms: I) Atomic Elements & Molecular Elements, II) Ionic Compounds.
8.2 Ionic Bonding. Ionic Bonds Ionic bonds are made between metal and non-metal atoms Electrons are transferred from the metal atom to the non-metal atom.
IONS AND THEIR COMPOUNDS. REMEMBER HOW WE CAN PREDICT ION CHARGES FROM THE PERIODIC TABLE.
Topic: Writing Binary Ionic Formulas Do Now: An atom of which element has the greatest attraction for electrons in a chemical bond? A.As B. Ga C.Ge D.Se.
Naming Chemical Compounds and Writing Chemical Formulas.
1 CHEMICAL BONDING. 2 Types of Bonds Ionic—transfer of 1 or more electrons from one atom to another (one loses, the other gains) forming oppositely charged.
Ionic Bonding. What makes an atom most stable? Electron configuration – Electron configuration – When the highest occupied energy level is filled with.
Ionic Compounds AnionsCations 1.Naming Ions 2.Naming Ionic Compounds 3.Writing Ionic Formulas.
BONDING- What does bonding mean? What is a chemical bond? A chemical bond results when electrons are gained, lost, or shared between atoms bonds form.
What does IUPAC stand for? International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry Developed standards for the naming of the chemical elements and their.
1.2 IONS UNDERSTANDING HOW THE ELECTRONS MOVE INSIDE AN ATOM ALLOWS SCIENTISTS TO CONTROL HOW ATOMS REACT WITH EACH OTHER.
WHAT IS AN IONIC REACTION? A CHEMICAL REACTION THAT INVOLVES LOSS AND GAIN OF ELECTRONS.
1 Chapter 4 Compounds and Their Bonds 4.2 Ionic Compounds Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Ionic Formulas Turning chemistry into algebra. REVIEW We can tell how many electrons an atom will gain or lose by looking at its valence electrons. Metals.
Ionic Bonds. What is an ion? An atom that gains or loses electrons is an ion. A cation loses electrons and becomes a positive ion An anion gains electrons.
Chapter 6 Chemical Bonds. Overview In this chapter, we will be studying 2 primary types of chemical bonds. One: ionic bonds Two: covalent bonds We will.
WRITING CHEMICAL FORMULAS & NAMING COMPOUNDS. Electrons in the same group have similar chemical properties because they have the same number of electrons.
1 Chapter 5 Ionic Compounds 5.2 Ionic Compounds Copyright © 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Benjamin Cummings.
Ionic Compounds. Metals Vs. NonMetals Metals Left of steps on Periodic Table 80 percent of elements are metals –Pie chart on page 36 Properties –Luster.
Writing Formulas and Naming Compounds Binary Ionic Compounds.
Ionic Bonding. Chemical bond-the attractive force that holds atoms of ions together What was an ion? How are they formed? Ionic Bond- a bond formed between.
Ionic Bonds & Formulas NaCl. -composed of + cations and – anions but… they are electrically neutral (net charge = 0) Ionic Bonds : electrostatic attraction.
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