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Using the cards – Match up the element’s symbol with its atomic structure.

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Presentation on theme: "Using the cards – Match up the element’s symbol with its atomic structure."— Presentation transcript:

1 Using the cards – Match up the element’s symbol with its atomic structure

2 Ionic bonding lesson objective: To understand how ionic bonding occurs between atoms Lesson outcomes: 1.Draw dot and cross diagrams to show ionic bonding 2. Describe the properties of an ionic compound. 3. Explain how an ionic bond forms. pass merit distinction Btec -Working towards

3 Bonding basics Complete the chart using your atomic structure cards Element Number of electrons Number of electrons on outside shell Group number Easy to lose or gains and an electron? Lithium 311 Beryllium Fluorine

4 Bonding basics Complete the chart using your atomic structure cards Element Number of electrons Number of electrons on outside shell Group number Easy to lose or gains and an electron? Lithium 311lose Beryllium 422lose Boron 533lose Oxygen 866Gain Fluorine 977Gain When an atom gains or loses an Electron it is Ion called an Ion

5 Ionic Bonds Ionic bonds are formed by one atom transferring electrons to another atom to form ions. Ions are atoms, which have lost or gained electrons and therefore have a negative or positive charge

6 The atom losing electrons forms a positive ion and is usually a metal. Sodium atom

7 The atom gaining electrons forms a negative ion and is usually a non-metallic element Chlorine atom X XX XX X X X X X X XX XX X X

8 Sodium atom Chlorine atom Electron transfer X XX XX X X X X X X XX XX X X + Loses electron - Gains electron Positive and negative ions attract

9 + - Sodium Chloride Positive and negative ions attract X XX XX X X X X X X XX XX X X Ionic bonding

10 Answer these questions: An atom that gains one or more electrons will have a ____________________ charge. An atom that loses one or more electrons will have a ____________________ charge. An atom that gains or loses one or more electrons is called an ____________. POSITIVE NEGATIVE ION

11 What is an ionic bond? Atoms will transfer one or more ________________ to another to form the bond. Each atom is left with a ________________ outer shell. An ionic bond forms between a ___________ ion with a positive charge and a ________________ ion with a negative charge attracting each other. Example: Sodium + Chlorine ELECTRONS COMPLETE METAL NONMETAL X XX XX X X X X X X XX XX X X Sodium chloride

12 Games for learning – dominoes

13 Which domino below will match Chlorine?

14 Which domino below will match oxygen? Sodium chloride

15 Lithium oxide

16 The periodic table for ionic bonding Groups Metals Non metals

17 What's wrong?

18 Li Ca

19 Li

20 Ca

21 Li

22

23

24

25 S

26

27

28

29 Mg

30

31

32

33 S

34 Ca Mg

35 Ca S

36 S

37 Ionic bonding lesson objective: To understand how ionic bonding occurs between atoms Lesson outcomes: Draw dot and cross diagrams to show ionic bonding pass Btec -Working towards

38 Ionic bonding lesson objective: To understand how ionic bonding occurs between atoms Lesson outcomes: Draw dot and cross diagrams to show ionic bonding and describe the properties of an ionic compound. merit Btec -Working towards

39 Ionic bonding lesson objective: To understand how ionic bonding occurs between atoms Lesson outcomes: Draw dot and cross diagrams to show ionic bonding and describe the properties of an ionic compound. Explain how an ionic bond forms. Btec -Working towards distinction

40 _

41 +

42 Metal

43 Non Metal

44 Compound

45 Ion


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