Presentation on theme: "Providing Technical Assistance to Metal Finishers using Trichloroethylene (TCE): Outcomes and Next Steps Linda Darveau & Valerie Rickman Picture courtesy."— Presentation transcript:
Providing Technical Assistance to Metal Finishers using Trichloroethylene (TCE): Outcomes and Next Steps Linda Darveau & Valerie Rickman Picture courtesy of Roy Crystal
Project Background Air sampling in the Providence, RI area revealed presence of TCE in the air. EPA received complaints from the RI DEM that many metal finishers/polishing shops were out of compliance with air regulations because of TCE use. RI DEM has documented non compliance and is beginning to issue NOV’s, but doesn’t have the resources to pursue all.
Data From Air Sampling
Initial Problems RI Industry has two complicated standards to comply with: - The RI Air Pollution Control Regulation No. 36, - EPA’s MACT Standard for Halogenated Solvents Conducting workshops & traditional outreach not effective with small shops. Degreaser at R & R Polishing Co. Picture courtesy of Valerie Rickman
Initial Steps Started workgroup including RI DEM, RI Dept. Health, Narragansett Bay Commission, TURI Contacted individual metal finishers and performed site visits – Initial effort found 9 facilities interested in alternative solutions to TCE Contracted with TURI to test metal parts to find effective alternative cleaner EPA scheduled 1 workshop to allow TURI to demonstrate their testing procedures on metal parts Picture courtesy of Valerie Rickman
About TURI Mission: – Research, test and promote alternatives to toxic chemicals used in Massachusetts industries and communities – Provide resources and tools for a safer place to live and work – Promote economic competitiveness through improved efficiency, compliancy stability and reduced risk The Surface Solutions Laboratory and the CleanerSolutions Database – Specializes in finding safer alternatives to hazardous chemicals. – Available at
Ira Green - Background 270 employees - Products consist of metal pieces for the DoD – Military unaware of TCE use in metal finishing operations Used 12,500 pounds of TCE in 2004 When EPA contacted Ira Green, the company was very close to exceeding permit limitations Already had enforcement action against them by the RI DEM 2003 and 2004 Images from
Ira Green – Finding an Alternative EPA collected parts for TURI to test Set up a test tank in Ira Green’s facility – Determined that alternative solution works as well as TCE – TURI provided free gallon of alternative solution IRA Green currently using alternative in existing ultrasonic tanks for 30% of product, using n propyl bromide as a drop in replacement while waiting to purchase additional ultrasonic equipment.
Three A’s - Background Small, family-owned job shop – 4 employees Owner wanted to stop using TCE because of associated health risks Used approximately 55 gallons (~690 pounds)/year at a cost of about $1000 Pictures courtesy of Jason Marshall, TURI
Three A’s – Finding an Alternative EPA collected parts for TURI to test Needed to find an alternative process that would maintain an antique finish on metal parts An alternative was found that will allow Three A’s to retrofit current degreaser with an immersible transducer, saving money on equipment costs.
Next Steps Continue site visits to assist shops who want to participate Explore additional barriers to switching to alternatives such as drying issues, water discharge Intern, Valerie Rickman, is working on a “How to” guide for metal finishers who would like to find an alternative to using TCE Investigate whether problem exists in other cities such as Holyoke Picture courtesy of Valerie Rickman