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North Carolina’s Adoption of the FDA Food Code Larry D. Michael NC Division of Public Health May 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "North Carolina’s Adoption of the FDA Food Code Larry D. Michael NC Division of Public Health May 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 North Carolina’s Adoption of the FDA Food Code Larry D. Michael NC Division of Public Health May 2012

2 Source: US FDA ateCooperativePrograms/ucm htm

3 Team Chairs Food Code Rules Writing Workgroup Fiscal Analysis Workgroup Inspection Form Workgroup Training Workgroup Public Information Workgroup Food Code Manual Sub- Workgroup 2600 Rules Comparison Sub- Workgroup

4 Status Update and Timeline Published in the NC Register—March 2012 Available online and listserv Public hearings & town hall meetings Commission for Public Health—May 16, 2012 Rules Review Commission—June 21, 2012 Adoption—July 1, 2012 Effective Date—September 1, 2012

5 Major Additions to the NC Code Definition of Potentially Hazardous Food ( (b)) Demonstration of Knowledge ( ) Employee Health (2-201) Preventing Contamination from Hands ( ) Cold Holding at 41ºF or less ( ) Date Marking ( ) Reduced Oxygen Packaging ( ) Consumer Advisory ( ) Variances (8-103)

6 Definition of Potentially Hazardous Food (TCS) Time/temperature control for safety food (TCS) pH Aw pH and aW interaction Heat treatment Packaging “Hurdle” technology—The ability for several inhibitory factors to work together to control or eliminate pathogen growth, when they would otherwise be ineffective if used alone. Product Assessment Required (PA) Evaluated for the ability to support the growth of pathogenic organisms and toxin formation.

7 Demonstration of Knowledge ( ) The Person in Charge (PIC) shall demonstrate knowledge of food safety and foodborne illness prevention by passing a test that is part of an ANSI-accredited program. No minimum classroom hours required Accreditation will be good for five years Certified PIC must be available on-site during all hours of operation. Rating Scale=100 percent

8 Idaho Risk Factor Study Percent Risk Factor Compliance Comparison (2005 to 2010) Facility Type Time/Temperature Control Contaminated Equipment Poor Personal HygieneInadequate Cooking Food From Unsafe Source % Increase In Risk Factor Compliance WITH Manager Certification training Elementary School 92.14%96.88%94.68%97.59%95.68%96.83%97.98%98.19%99.40%99.43% 16.39% Fast Food 83.27%82.59%87.97%94.08%91.36%90.53%100% 99.40%99.45% 10.42% Full Service 72.51%81.25%83.46%87.02%82.94%87.58%97.84%97.75%98.47%99.04% 10.22% Deli Department 77.95%81.81%84.98%93.73%92.73%94.24%96.80%97.76%97.01%99.33% 17.55% Meat Department 89.74%90.78%89.21%95.56%92.70%94.96%100% 98.46%99.49% 4.88% Average % Compliance Changes (Industry Wide) 59.37%61.90%62.90%66.85%65.06%66.31%70.37%70.53%70.39%70.96% 8.49% Color indicates an improvement in compliance %

9 Employee Health ( , , ) Employee Health Policy Employees and conditional employees to report: Active symptoms Vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice, sore throat with fever, and lesions containing pus on parts of the body that can come in contact with food. Any diagnosis or exposure to: Norovirus, Hepatitis A virus, Shigella spp., Enterohemorrhagic or Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli, or Salmonella Typhi

10 Employee Health Exclusion Restriction The level of exclusion and restriction is based on a tiered structure specified within the Code. The same tiered structure specifies when the exclusion or restriction can be lifted

11 Annex 3—Decision Tree 1

12 Preventing Contamination from Hands ( ) No bare hand contact of RTE food Alternate means: Deli tissue Spatulas Tongs Single-use gloves Dispensing equipment

13

14 Impact of Foodborne Illnesses in NC Pathogen Number of Cases in NC (avg ) Cost per Case* Cost per Year Sub-Total Additional Cost per Death Sub-Total Cost for Death Cases** Total Cost in NC per Year HAV 187$5,187$969,969$32,814 $65,628 $1,035,597 Shigella spp. 307$9,5482,931,236$558 $1,674 $2,932,910 STEC 145$2,349$340,605$8,097 $348,702 Norovirus 19,000***$595$11,305,000$200$38,000$11,343,000 Total $15,660,209 *Cost per case includes cost of medical care, loss of productivity of the ill person and caregiver, and quality of life loss ** Cost per death assumes 1% of cases in NC result in death *** The Division of Public health estimates 1,900,000 cases of norovirus per year. If 1% is attributed to food service establishment transmission, then the total number of cases in NC is 19,000. Scharff, Robert L. Economic Burden from Health Losses Due to Foodborne Illness in the United States. Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 75, No. 1, 2012, Pages 123–131.

15 Potential Reduction in Cases If the new requirements can reduce the number of *cases by only two percent, then: 439 fewer cases/year $882,300 cost savings/year * Includes HAV, Shigella spp., STEC, Salmonella spp., norovirus

16 Preventing Contamination of RTE Food National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods concluded that three factors must work together to effectively prevent the transmission of foodborne illnesses transmitted via the fecal-oral route (1999): 1.Handwashing 2.Employee Health Policy that prohibits ill employees from handling food, and 3.No bare hand contact with ready-to-eat foods.

17 Parasite Destruction ( ) Food establishments that serve raw-marinated, or marinated and partially cooked fish must ensure destruction of naturally-occurring parasites prior to serving. Can be accomplished by: A certification, or Letter of Guarantee, from their supplier that the product is parasite-free; or Freeze the fish to the following parameters: Frozen and stored at a temperature of -200 C (-40 F) or below for a minimum of 168 hours (7 days) in a freezer; Frozen at -35°C (-31°F) or below until solid and stored at -35°C (- 31°F) or below for a minimum of 15 hours; or Frozen at -35°C (-31°F) or below until solid and stored at -20°C (- 4°F) or below for a minimum of 24 hours.

18 Cold Holding of Potentially Hazardous Foods ( ) Cold holding requirement of TCS foods 45ºF to 41ºF Provisions are in place in the rules to allow for 45ºF or less in existing refrigeration in existing facilities to allow for upgrade or replacement by January 1, 2016

19 Date Marking ( ) Establishments must mark prepared RTE foods and opened, RTE packaged foods to reflect a holding date: Maximum of 7 days from the date prepared or opened, respectfully, if held at 41°F or Maximum of 4 days from the date prepared or opened, respectfully, if held at 45°F.

20 The Control of Listeria monocytogenes Listeriosis Results in death in percent of clinical infections. Leading cause of death among foodborne bacterial pathogens. The growth of Lm is affected by the interplay of both time and temperature. By lowering the requirement by 4°F and requiring date marking, the occurrence of foodborne illnesses originating from Listeria monocytogenes can be greatly reduced.

21 Costs Related to Listeriosis in NC Pathogen Number of Cases in NC/year (avg ) Cost per Case* Cost per Year Sub-Total Additional Cost per Death Case Sub-total Cost for Death Cases** Total Cost in NC per year Listeriosis 23$109,260$2,512,980$1,174,628$3,523,884 $6,036,864 *Cost per case includes cost of medical care, loss of productivity of the ill person and caregiver, and quality of life loss ** Cost per death assumes 15% of cases in NC result in death, based on data from the US CDC Scharff, Robert L. Economic Burden from Health Losses Due to Foodborne Illness in the United States. Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 75, No. 1, 2012, Pages 123–131. If the implementation of new cold-holding and date-marking requirements reduces the number of cases by only 1 case, then the total cost savings could be between $109,000 and $1.28 million or $696,600 on average per year.

22 Consumer Advisory ( ) Required if animal food is served or sold raw, undercooked, or without otherwise being processed to eliminate pathogens. RTE form; or As an ingredient in another RTE food. Examples of animal foods commonly sold or served raw: Beef Eggs Fish Lamb Pork Poultry Shellfish

23 Consumer Advisory Disclosure—Written statement identifying the animal- derived food. Reminder—Written statement concerning the health risk. Can use the following methods: Deli case or menu advisories; or Label statements; or Table tents; or Placards; or Other effective, written means.

24 What’s Not Going to Change? Grading and Scoring System Inspection form will be changed to reflect 100-point scale Enforcement and Legal Remedies

25 Just missing one thing… Grading and scoring system Enforcement and legal remedies Nationally recognized training model Enrollment in FDA Retail Food Program Standards Food Defense and Emergency Preparedness Program Adoption of the Food Code

26 Questions ? Larry Michael, Head Food Protection Program EHS/DPH/NCDHHS


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