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1 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management 2008 California Guideline for Alzheimer’s Disease Management.

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Presentation on theme: "1 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management 2008 California Guideline for Alzheimer’s Disease Management."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management 2008 California Guideline for Alzheimer’s Disease Management

2 2 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Speaker(s) Your Name Your Organization

3 3 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Objectives After attending this presentation the participant will be able to: 1. Describe the process utilized to update the California Guideline for Alzheimer’s Disease Management 2. Discuss the California Guideline for Alzheimer’s Disease Management recommendations

4 4 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Facts About Alzheimer’s Disease 6 th leading cause of death in the U.S. 5.2 million Americans live with Alzheimer’s Someone will develop Alzheimer’s every 72 seconds Baby boomers are entering the age of greatest risk 1 out of 8 over 65; 1 out of 2 over 85 have the disease About a quarter million under 65 have Alzheimer’s

5 5 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management What is a clinical guideline? A document with the aim of guiding decisions and criteria regarding: diagnosis management Treatment Briefly identifies, summarizes and evaluates best evidence and most current data. Includes consensus statements from experts.

6 6 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management History of California AD Guideline 1991: Ad Hoc Standard of Care Committee formed by State’s Alzheimer’s Research Centers (ARCC’s) 1993: Federal ADDGS Funds allocated to project. Alzheimer’s Association joins effort 1995: California Workgroup on Guideline for Alzheimer’s Disease Management formed

7 7 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Initial California AD Guideline 1998 Evidence based literature review articles identified 1996 – 1997 Workgroups review of articles/evidence 1997 Consensus meeting 1998 Publication and Dissemination

8 8 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management California AD Guideline Revision 2002 Alzheimer’s Association, California Geriatric Education Center at UCLA, Rand / UCLA / VAMC Center for the Study of Healthcare Provider Behavior Statewide Workgroups Evidence Based Literature Review – 222 articles (1998 – 2002) reviewed and rated

9 9 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management California AD Guideline Revision Contract awarded (April 2007) Project Analyst hired (May) Initial literature search (June) – 600 articles identified 2002 – 2007 Executive committee formed (May) – revised updated plan Workgroup chairs identified/invited (June) Workgroups formed (June)

10 10 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Workgroups Executive Committee Assessment Treatment Patient and Caregiver Education and Support Legal Considerations

11 11 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Composition of Workgroup Representatives from throughout the State: Healthcare providers Consumers Academicians Professional and volunteer organizations

12 12 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management California AD Guideline Revision 2007 – 2008 (cont.) Workgroups conduct reviews (June – Oct) Nov meeting Consolidation of material (Jan – Mar 2008) Development of report and one page (April) Website Dissemination and Implementation Projects

13 13 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Purpose of the Guideline Represents core care recommendations for AD management which are: Clear Measurable Practical Based on scientific evidence and expert opinion

14 14 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Purpose of the Guideline (cont.) General guide for ongoing management of people with Alzheimer’s disease Intended for Primary Care Practitioners including: –Physicians –Nurse Practitioners/Nurses –Physician Assistants –Social Workers –Other professional providing care to patients and their families

15 15 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Four Substantive Changes Advent of a new class of medication (NMDA antagonists) for the management of moderate to advanced AD Support for a team approach (medical and social support strategies) to quality management of AD Strong evidence linking positive patient outcomes to caregiver education and support New evidence on management of the disease in the very early and end stages

16 16 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management ASSESSMENT Recommendations Conduct and document an assessment and monitor changes in daily functioning, including feeding, bathing, dressing, mobility, toileting, continence, and ability to manage finances and medications. Conduct and document an assessment and monitor changes in cognitive status, using a reliable and valid instrument. Conduct and document an assessment and monitor changes in comorbid medical conditions, which may present with sudden worsening in cognition or function, or as change in behavior.

17 17 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management ASSESSMENT Recommendations (cont.) Conduct and document an assessment and monitor changes in behavioral symptoms, psychotic symptoms, or depression. Conduct and document an assessment and monitor changes in medications, both prescription and non- prescription (at every visit). Conduct and document an assessment and monitor changes in living arrangements, safety, care needs, and abuse and/or neglect.

18 18 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management ASSESSMENT Recommendations (cont.) Conduct and document an assessment and monitor changes in need for palliative and/or end-of-life care planning. Reassessment should occur at least every 6 months, and sudden changes in behavior or increase in the rate of decline should trigger an urgent visit to the PCP. Identify the primary caregiver and assess the adequacy of family and other support systems, paying particular attention to the caregiver’s own mental and physical health.

19 19 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management ASSESSMENT Recommendations (cont.) Assess the patient’s decision-making capacity and determine whether a surrogate has been identified. Identify the patient’s and family’s culture, values, primary language, literacy level, and decision-making process.

20 20 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management TREATMENT Recommendations Develop and implement an ongoing treatment plan with defined goals. Discuss with patient and family: –Use of cholinesterase inhibitors, NMDA antagonist, and other medications, if clinically indicated, to treat cognitive decline. –Referral to adult day services for appropriate structured activities, such as physical exercise and recreation. Refer patient and family to clinical drug trials and other research studies when appropriate.

21 21 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management TREATMENT Recommendations (cont.) Treat behavioral symptoms and mood disorders using: –Non-pharmacologic approaches, such as environmental modification, task simplification, appropriate activities, etc. –Referral to social service agencies or support organizations, including the Alzheimer’s Association’s MedicAlert + Safe Return program for patients who may wander. IF non-pharmacological approaches prove unsuccessful, THEN use medications, targeted to specific behaviors, if clinically indicated. Note that side effects may be serious and significant.

22 22 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management TREATMENT Recommendations (cont.) Provide appropriate treatment for comorbid medical conditions. Provide appropriate end-of-life care, including palliative care as needed.

23 23 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management PATIENT and FAMILY EDUCATION & SUPPORT Recommendations Integrate medical care with education & support by connecting patient & caregiver to support organizations for linguistically and culturally appropriate educational materials and referrals to community resources, support groups, legal counseling, respite care, consultation on care needs and options, and financial resources. Organizations include: - Alzheimer’s Association Caregiver Resource Centers or your own social service department.

24 24 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management PATIENT and FAMILY EDUCATION & SUPPORT Recommendations (cont.) Discuss the diagnosis, progression, treatment choices, and goals of AD care with the patient and family in a manner consistent with their values, preferences, culture, educational level, and the patient’s abilities. Pay particular attention to the special needs of early-stage patients, involving them in care planning, heeding their opinions and wishes, and referring them to community resources, including the Alzheimer’s Association.

25 25 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management PATIENT and FAMILY EDUCATION & SUPPORT Recommendations (cont.) Discuss the patient’s need to make care choices at all stages of the disease through the use of advance directives and identification of surrogates for medical and legal decision-making. Discuss the intensity of care and other end-of-life care decisions with the AD patient and involved family members while respecting their cultural preferences.

26 26 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS Recommendations Include a discussion of the importance of basic legal and financial planning as part of the treatment plan as soon as possible after the diagnosis of AD. Use a structured approach to the assessment of patient capacity, being aware of the relevant criteria for particular kinds of decisions.

27 27 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS Recommendations (cont.) Monitor for evidence of and report all suspicions of abuse (physical, sexual, financial, neglect, isolation, abandonment, abduction) to Adult Protective Services, Ombudsman, or the local police department, as required by law. Report the diagnosis of AD to your local health officer in accordance with California law.

28 28 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management EARLY-STAGE Recommendations Follow up 2 months after diagnosis and every six months Involve in care planning Refer to community services Discuss implications with respect to: –Work –Driving –Other safety issues

29 29 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management EARLY-STAGE Recommendations (cont.) Initiate pharmacologic therapy early Recommend interventions to: - protect and promote continuing function - assist with independence - maintain cognitive health including: physical exercise, cognitive stimulation, and psychosocial support

30 30 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management LATE STAGE & END-OF-LIFE Recommendations Care shifts to focus on the relief of discomfort Referral to hospice should be considered

31 31 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Guideline as a Tool to Improve Care Educational resource for providers Help establish a standard of care Improve continuity of care Raise consumer awareness

32 32 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Guideline Features and Characteristics One-page list of summary recommendations Supporting text report Website

33 33 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Dissemination One page summary of recommendations –More likely to be read –More likely to be applied in routine clinical care Detailed supporting information provides –Extensive reviews of the scientific literature and other evidence –Support for specific recommendations

34 34 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Dissemination Dissemination activities include: Distribution Publicity Outreach activities Intended to increase access to, and awareness, knowledge and understanding of, the guideline and it’s content.

35 35 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Implementation of the Guideline Intended to achieve widespread use of the guideline by primary care practitioners in their practice. Require activities such as: Development of specific tools to support and encourage guideline use Education or practice management interventions Evaluation

36 36 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Using the Guideline in a Health Care Setting Health care organizations are challenged to care for the growing number of older adults with chronic health conditions

37 37 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Establishing Partnerships Replication Manual Based on Alzheimer’s Association – Kaiser Permanent Metropolitan Los Angeles Dementia Care Project southlandsouthland Click on Professional Training then Replication Manual

38 38 California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Got Guideline? 2008 California Guideline for Alzheimer’s Disease Management Available at: (you can put your own website information here) or contact (you can put your own contact person here)


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