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UNIT 5 Chapter 20 – Postwar Social Change Chapter 21 – Politics and Prosperity THE ROARIN 20’s.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT 5 Chapter 20 – Postwar Social Change Chapter 21 – Politics and Prosperity THE ROARIN 20’s."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIT 5 Chapter 20 – Postwar Social Change Chapter 21 – Politics and Prosperity THE ROARIN 20’s

2 Presidents of the United States George Washington; Federalist (1788) George Washington; Federalist (1788) John Adams; Federalist (1796) John Adams; Federalist (1796) Thomas Jefferson (1800) Thomas Jefferson (1800) James Madison (1808) James Madison (1808) James Monroe (1816) James Monroe (1816) John Quincy Adams (1824) John Quincy Adams (1824) Andrew Jackson; Democrat (1828) Andrew Jackson; Democrat (1828) Martin Van Buren; Democrat (1836) Martin Van Buren; Democrat (1836) William Henry Harrison; Whig (1840) William Henry Harrison; Whig (1840) John Tyler; Whig (1841) John Tyler; Whig (1841) James K. Polk; Democrat (1844) James K. Polk; Democrat (1844) Zachary Taylor; Whig (1848) Zachary Taylor; Whig (1848) Millard Fillmore; Whig (1850) Millard Fillmore; Whig (1850) Franklin Pierce; Democrat (1852) Franklin Pierce; Democrat (1852) James Buchanan; Democrat (1856) James Buchanan; Democrat (1856) Abraham Lincoln; Republican (1860) Abraham Lincoln; Republican (1860) Andrew Johnson; Democrat (1865) Andrew Johnson; Democrat (1865) Ulysses S. Grant; Republican (1868) Ulysses S. Grant; Republican (1868) Rutherford B. Hayes; Republican (1876) Rutherford B. Hayes; Republican (1876) James Garfield; Republican (1880) James Garfield; Republican (1880) #21 - …  Chester A. Arthur; Republican (1881)  Grover Cleveland; Democrat (1884)  Benjamin Harrison; Republican (1888)  Grover Cleveland; Democrat (1892)  William McKinley; Republican (1896)  Theodore Roosevelt; Republican (1901)  William Howard Taft; Republican (1908)  Woodrow Wilson; Democrat (1912)  Warren G. Harding; Republican (1920)  Calvin Coolidge; Republican (1923)  Herbert Hoover; Republican (1928)

3 OBJECTIVES CORE OBJECTIVE: Explain the social, political, and economic impacts on the United States after World War I. CORE OBJECTIVE: Explain the social, political, and economic impacts on the United States after World War I. Objective 5.3: Explain the cultural conflicts during the 1920’s relating to prohibition, religion, and racial tensions. Objective 5.3: Explain the cultural conflicts during the 1920’s relating to prohibition, religion, and racial tensions. Objective 5.4: What events fueled the Red Scare in the early 1920’s? Objective 5.4: What events fueled the Red Scare in the early 1920’s? Objective 5.5: How did Republican Presidential policies shape the economics of the decade? Objective 5.5: How did Republican Presidential policies shape the economics of the decade? Objective 5.6: How did industrial growth affect the economy of the 1920’s? Objective 5.6: How did industrial growth affect the economy of the 1920’s? THEME: THEME:

4 America: Pathways to the Present Section 1: Society in the 1920s Section 2: Mass Media and the Jazz Age Section 3: Cultural Conflicts Chapter 20: Postwar Social Change (1920–1929)

5 Chapter 20 SECTION 3 - CULTURAL CONFLICTS

6 Prohibition The Eighteenth Amendment takes effect January 16, 1920, made the manufacture, sale, and transport of alcohol. The Eighteenth Amendment takes effect January 16, 1920, made the manufacture, sale, and transport of alcohol. Many Americans turned to bootleggers, or suppliers of illegal alcohol. Bars that operated illegally, known as speakeasies, were either disguised as legitimate businesses or hidden in some way, often behind heavy gates. Many Americans turned to bootleggers, or suppliers of illegal alcohol. Bars that operated illegally, known as speakeasies, were either disguised as legitimate businesses or hidden in some way, often behind heavy gates.

7 PROHIBITION

8 DIFFERENCES? A 1924 report showed that Kansans obeyed the law at a 95% rate and that New Yorkers obeyed the law at a rate of 5% A 1924 report showed that Kansans obeyed the law at a 95% rate and that New Yorkers obeyed the law at a rate of 5%

9 Organized Crime The tremendous profit resulting from the sale of illegal liquor helped lead to the development of organized crime. The tremendous profit resulting from the sale of illegal liquor helped lead to the development of organized crime. Successful bootlegging organizations often moved into other illegal activities as well, including gambling, prostitution, and racketeering. Successful bootlegging organizations often moved into other illegal activities as well, including gambling, prostitution, and racketeering. As rival groups fought for control in some American cities, gang wars and murders became commonplace. As rival groups fought for control in some American cities, gang wars and murders became commonplace. One of the most notorious prohibition criminals of this time was Al Capone One of the most notorious prohibition criminals of this time was Al Capone nicknamed “Scarface,” the gangster rose to the top of Chicago’s organized crime network. nicknamed “Scarface,” the gangster rose to the top of Chicago’s organized crime network. Capone proved talented at avoiding jail but was finally imprisoned in Capone proved talented at avoiding jail but was finally imprisoned in 1931.

10 Issues of Religion Fundamentalism As science, technology, modern social issues, and new Biblical scholarship challenged traditional religious beliefs, a religious movement called fundamentalism gained popularity. As science, technology, modern social issues, and new Biblical scholarship challenged traditional religious beliefs, a religious movement called fundamentalism gained popularity. Fundamentalism supported traditional Christian ideas and argued for a literal interpretation of the Bible. Fundamentalism supported traditional Christian ideas and argued for a literal interpretation of the Bible. Billy Sunday and other famous fundamentalist preachers drew large audiences. Billy Sunday and other famous fundamentalist preachers drew large audiences. Evolution and the Scopes Trail Fundamentalists worked to pass laws against teaching the theory of evolution in public schools. A science teacher named John T. Scopes agreed to challenge such a law in Tennessee. His arrest led to what was called the Scopes trial. The Scopes trial became the first trial to be broadcast over American radio. The Scopes Trial case became a debate between religious fundamentalists and science (evolution).

11 Racial Tensions Red Summer Mob violence between white and black Americans erupted in about 25 cities during the summer of Mob violence between white and black Americans erupted in about 25 cities during the summer of The worst of these race riots occurred in Chicago in 1919 The worst of these race riots occurred in Chicago in 1919 A white man threw a rock at a black teenager swimming in Lake Michigan, and the boy drowned. A white man threw a rock at a black teenager swimming in Lake Michigan, and the boy drowned. The incident touched off riots that lasted several days, destroyed many homes, killed several people and wounded many more. The incident touched off riots that lasted several days, destroyed many homes, killed several people and wounded many more. Revival of the Klan Although it had been largely eliminated during Reconstruction, the Ku Klux Klan regained power during the 1920s and greatly increased its membership outside the South. The Klan’s focus shifted to include terrorizing not just African Americans but also Catholics, Jews, immigrants, and others. After the arrest of a major Klan leader in 1925, Klan membership diminished once again.

12 Marcus Garvey During the 1920s, the NAACP fought for anti-lynching laws and worked to promote the voting rights of African Americans. These efforts, however, met with limited success. During the 1920s, the NAACP fought for anti-lynching laws and worked to promote the voting rights of African Americans. These efforts, however, met with limited success. A movement led by Marcus Garvey, an immigrant from Jamaica, became popular with many African Americans. Garvey, who created the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), sought to build up African Americans’ self-respect and economic power, encouraging them to buy shares in his Negro Factories Corporation. A movement led by Marcus Garvey, an immigrant from Jamaica, became popular with many African Americans. Garvey, who created the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), sought to build up African Americans’ self-respect and economic power, encouraging them to buy shares in his Negro Factories Corporation. Garvey Goals Garvey Goals sought to build up African Americans’ self-respect and economic power sought to build up African Americans’ self-respect and economic power Garvey encouraged his followers to return to Africa and create a self-governing nation there. Garvey encouraged his followers to return to Africa and create a self-governing nation there. Although corruption and mismanagement resulted in the collapse of the UNIA, Garvey’s ideas of racial pride and independence would affect future “black pride” movements. Although corruption and mismanagement resulted in the collapse of the UNIA, Garvey’s ideas of racial pride and independence would affect future “black pride” movements.

13 Cultural Conflicts— Assessment How did Prohibition reinforce the division between urban and rural areas? (A)Speakeasies only replaced legal saloons in urban areas. (B)Rural areas were more likely to obey Prohibition. (C)Urban areas were more likely to obey Prohibition. (D)Bootleggers only worked in rural areas. Which of the following best describes Marcus Garvey’s goals for African Americans? (A)Religious fundamentalism and an end to teaching evolution (B)Equality with Catholics, Jews, and immigrants (C)Universal suffrage and an end to lynchings (D)Self-respect, economic power, and independence

14 Cultural Conflicts— Assessment How did Prohibition reinforce the division between urban and rural areas? (A)Speakeasies only replaced legal saloons in urban areas. (B)Rural areas were more likely to obey Prohibition. (C)Urban areas were more likely to obey Prohibition. (D)Bootleggers only worked in rural areas. Which of the following best describes Marcus Garvey’s goals for African Americans? (A)Religious fundamentalism and an end to teaching evolution (B)Equality with Catholics, Jews, and immigrants (C)Universal suffrage and an end to lynchings (D)Self-respect, economic power, and independence


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