Presentation on theme: "G OVERNMENTS OF THE W ORLD. L EARNING T ARGETS What is government? What are the major types of government? How is power distributed within these."— Presentation transcript:
L EARNING T ARGETS What is government? What are the major types of government? How is power distributed within these various governments? What is the role of the citizen in the various types of government?
W HAT IS “ GOVERNMENT ” ANYWAY ? The people & groups of people that have the power to make the laws & see that they are obeyed.
C AN YOU FIGURE OUT THE MEANING OF THE VARIOUS TYPES OF GOVERNMENTS ? L ET ’ S BREAK THE WORDS APART ! Part of WordMeaning ArchRootChief, most important, rule, having authority over An-Prefixwithout Mon- (mono)PrefixOne, single, alone -cracySuffixRule or government by … Theo -Prefixgod Demo -PrefixPeople -craticSuffixA person who takes part in or is a member of a form of government Auto-PrefixSelf Olig – from Greek oligosfew
C AN YOU FIGURE OUT THE MEANING OF THE VARIOUS TYPES OF GOVERNMENTS ? L ET ’ S BREAK THE WORDS APART ! Part of WordMeaning AnarchyAn + arch Without + chief / ruler = without chief / ruler or government MonarchyMon + arch Single + chief / ruler = single chief / ruler DemocracyDemo + cracy People + government by = government by the people TheocracyTheo + cracy God + government by = government by god (or those given authority by god) OligarchicOlig + arch Few + chief / ruler = government by a few
W HAT ARE THE MAJOR TYPES OF GOVERNMENT ? Anarchy Communist Republic Democracy Dictatorship Theocracy Monarchy
W HAT ARE THE VARIOUS TYPES OF GOVERNMENTS ? Now that you have a basic knowledge of the various types of governments, let’s look a little further …
A NARCHY There is no government This can happen after a civil war in a country, when a government has been destroyed and rival groups are fighting to take its place Anarchists - people who believe that government is a bad thing b/c it stops people from living their own lives Example … Rwanda during the genocide
C OMMUNIST A system of government in which the state controls the economy a single party holds all the power Head is usually a dictator Citizens have no rights or voice in government … sometimes even told where to work &how much to get paid Economic system – communist Example … Vietnam
R EPUBLIC A form of government in which people rule through elected representatives Citizens have a very active role in government … through elections (VOTING!!) help make governmental decisions Economic system – Mixed / Market Examples - US
D EMOCRACY A government that receives its power from the people Citizens have a very active role in government through elections help make governmental decisions Economic system – Mixed / Market Examples … India, Canada
2 FORMS OF DEMOCRACY Parliamentary The head of the gov. is the leader of the legislature – usually called the Prime Minister Parliament – representatives of the people Prime minister – elected by members of the parliament – NOT the people! People vote – lots of citizen participation Example - Israel Presidential Leader is an elected president – chosen in a separate election from the legislature Legislature – representatives of people President – elected by the people People vote – lots of citizen participation Example – US
D ICTATORSHIP A form of gov in which absolute power is controlled by a dictator Head – dictator – can be elected then become a dictator OR head of military force that takes over gov. Citizens may or may not enjoy a few rights, but have no voice in gov. Economic system – Command Example … North Korea
T HEOCRACY A government ruled by a religious leader Head – ayatollah by attaining a congregation of followers Citizens enjoy some rights and can vote on some issues Economic system – Mixed / Market Example … Iran
M ONARCHY Absolute Monarchy A gov. in which the royal ruler has total control Head – king or queen – usually hereditary (next in line) Citizens enjoy many rights, such as where to work Mixed economy Example – Saudi Arabia (very rare to have an absolute monarchy today) Constitutional Monarchy A system of gov. in which the power is shared between the monarchy and an elected branch of gov. Head of gov. is usually the head of the elected branch … usually the monarch serves a more symbolic role Citizens have rights an can vote Market (or mixed) economy Example – England
L IMITED V. U NLIMITED G OVERNMENTS What do you think a limited government is/means? Which of the govs. do you think are limited governments? What do you think an unlimited government is/means? Which of the govs. do you think are unlimited governments?
L IMITED V. U NLIMITED G OVERNMENT Limited Leaders are LIMITED in their power / authority Leaders have to OBEY the laws! Example – democracies, republics Unlimited Leaders have unlimited power – no limits on their authority! Leaders to NOT have to obey the laws! Example – monarchies, dictatorships
A ND YET … ONE MORE ASPECT OF GOVERNMENTS WE NEED TO DISCUSS !
H OW IS POWER DISTRIBUTED WITHIN THE VARIOUS TYPES OF GOVERNMENT ? Unitary Central (national) gov. possess MOST authority / decision making powers Examples – South Africa, Sierra Leon, Rwanda Confederation Local gov. possess power / authority / decision making powers Examples – US PRIOR to Constitution – under the Articles of Confederation Federal Power shared between central (national) and local govs. In authority / decision making powers Example - US
O KAY … NOW THAT WE KNOW ALL ABOUT GOVERNMENTS, THAT ’ S THE END RIGHT ? WRONG!!! One more thing … what is the citizen’s role in each of these governments? Do citizens enjoy the same rights and privileges within each of these governments? Do citizens help establish the rules and laws in each of these governments?
W HAT IS THE CITIZEN ’ S ROLE IN VARIOUS GOVERNMENTS ? Autocratic In gov – one person possess unlimited power Citizen has little – if any – role in gov Examples Dictatorship Absolute monarchy Oligarchic Gov – by very few – small group who govern – usually for selfish & corrupt reasons Citizens – have very little – if any, role Very rare – b/c usually 1 person will assume control and then becomes autocratic Example – South Africa during apartheid Democratic Gov – elected by the people Citizens have very active role – elect representatives Examples Republic Democracy USA