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Chapter 26 The Rise of Democracy. 26.1: Introduction Different forms of government o Monarchy o Oligarchy o Tyranny o Democracy Greeks did not identify.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 26 The Rise of Democracy. 26.1: Introduction Different forms of government o Monarchy o Oligarchy o Tyranny o Democracy Greeks did not identify."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 26 The Rise of Democracy

2 26.1: Introduction Different forms of government o Monarchy o Oligarchy o Tyranny o Democracy Greeks did not identify themselves with a country, but with their city o Each city has its own laws, army, money, and government Cities  City-states

3 26.2: Monarchy: One Person Inherits Power From about 2000 BCE to 800 BCE, most Greek city-states were ruled by a monarch. o Ruling power in the hands of one person, usually a king Greek settlements did not have queens At first, Greek kings were chosen by the people When the king died, another was picked

4 Eventually, kings demanded that the power go their children after their death. o Usually the eldest son o Monarchy  rulers inherit power Powers of the king o Made laws o Acted as judges o Conducted religious ceremonies o Led the army during wars o Used armed soldiers to punish people

5 Councils o Made up of aristocrats The “best” men who were wealthy and owned large pieces of land. o At the beginning they had no power The king only needed them for their money to buy horses and armor Aristocrats realized this and wanted to share the king’s power. o In some city-states, aristocrats insisted the king be elected and could only rule for certain number of years. By 800 BCE, in most city-states, the king was overthrown, and the aristocrats took power for themselves.

6 26.3: Oligarchy: A Few People Share Power By 800 BCE, most Greek city-states were ruled by a small group of wealthy men. o Called oligarchs  mean few o Ruling power is in the hands of the few o Most were aristocrats o Few were wealthy merchants Oligarch’s Life o Comfortable

7 o Spent their time hunting and taking part in chariot races o Had parties where slaves and hired professionals entertained guests Poor Lives o Worked all day in the fields o Needs were ignored Oligarch’s Rule o Passed laws the poor did not like o Used the army to obey them o Many of their laws protected them and increased their wealth o Rich got richer and poor got poorer

8 26.4: Tyranny: One Person Takes Power by Force By mid 600s BCE, people turned to men who promised to change the government. o Tyrants  ruling power is in the hands of one person who is not a lawful king Tyranny o Different than a monarchy in two ways Tyrant cannot claim legal right to rule Tyrant’s son doesn’t usually inherit power

9 o Took and kept control by force o Most Greek tyrants were military leaders who gained support by promising more rights. o Made changes that helped the poor Canceled debts of poor farmers o Some were hostile to aristocrats and took away their land Hippias o Last tyrant of the city-state of Athens o Ruled well until his brother, Hipparchus, is murdered o Was forced to leave when his rule became unbearable

10 26.5: Democracy: All Citizens Share Power Around 500 BCE, the people of Athens tried governing themselves. o Developed democracy  all citizens share in the ruling power Democracy o Ancient Greek democracy is different than modern democracy. Two Types

11 Direct democracy  Greece Representative democracy  United States o Direct democracy Every citizen can vote on every issue o Representative democracy People vote for representatives who decide issues Direct Democracy o The city had an assembly (law making group) o Any free man could speak in the Assembly or vote on a new law or proposal o Free men ran the day-to-day business

12 People against democracy o Felt that it wasn’t a good type of government o Powerful speaker persuaded people to vote unwisely o The assembly reversed decisions only after a few weeks Result o Many city-states returned to earlier forms of government Dictatorship (tyranny) Oligarchy


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