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Chapter 26 The Rise of Democracy.

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1 Chapter 26 The Rise of Democracy

2 26.1: Introduction Different forms of government
Monarchy Oligarchy Tyranny Democracy Greeks did not identify themselves with a country, but with their city Each city has its own laws, army, money, and government Cities  City-states

3 26.2: Monarchy: One Person Inherits Power
From about 2000 BCE to 800 BCE, most Greek city-states were ruled by a monarch. Ruling power in the hands of one person, usually a king Greek settlements did not have queens At first, Greek kings were chosen by the people When the king died, another was picked

4 Eventually, kings demanded that the power go their children after their death.
Usually the eldest son Monarchy  rulers inherit power Powers of the king Made laws Acted as judges Conducted religious ceremonies Led the army during wars Used armed soldiers to punish people

5 Councils Made up of aristocrats The “best” men who were wealthy and owned large pieces of land. At the beginning they had no power The king only needed them for their money to buy horses and armor Aristocrats realized this and wanted to share the king’s power. In some city-states, aristocrats insisted the king be elected and could only rule for certain number of years. By 800 BCE, in most city-states, the king was overthrown, and the aristocrats took power for themselves.

6 26.3: Oligarchy: A Few People Share Power
By 800 BCE, most Greek city-states were ruled by a small group of wealthy men. Called oligarchs  mean few Ruling power is in the hands of the few Most were aristocrats Few were wealthy merchants Oligarch’s Life Comfortable

7 Poor Lives Oligarch’s Rule
Spent their time hunting and taking part in chariot races Had parties where slaves and hired professionals entertained guests Poor Lives Worked all day in the fields Needs were ignored Oligarch’s Rule Passed laws the poor did not like Used the army to obey them Many of their laws protected them and increased their wealth Rich got richer and poor got poorer

8 26.4: Tyranny: One Person Takes Power by Force
By mid 600s BCE, people turned to men who promised to change the government. Tyrants  ruling power is in the hands of one person who is not a lawful king Tyranny Different than a monarchy in two ways Tyrant cannot claim legal right to rule Tyrant’s son doesn’t usually inherit power

9 Hippias Took and kept control by force
Most Greek tyrants were military leaders who gained support by promising more rights. Made changes that helped the poor Canceled debts of poor farmers Some were hostile to aristocrats and took away their land Hippias Last tyrant of the city-state of Athens Ruled well until his brother, Hipparchus, is murdered Was forced to leave when his rule became unbearable

10 26.5: Democracy: All Citizens Share Power
Around 500 BCE, the people of Athens tried governing themselves. Developed democracy  all citizens share in the ruling power Democracy Ancient Greek democracy is different than modern democracy. Two Types

11 Direct Democracy Direct democracy  Greece
Representative democracy  United States Direct democracy Every citizen can vote on every issue Representative democracy People vote for representatives who decide issues Direct Democracy The city had an assembly (law making group) Any free man could speak in the Assembly or vote on a new law or proposal Free men ran the day-to-day business

12 People against democracy
Felt that it wasn’t a good type of government Powerful speaker persuaded people to vote unwisely The assembly reversed decisions only after a few weeks Result Many city-states returned to earlier forms of government Dictatorship (tyranny) Oligarchy

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