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Analysing key concepts.. How totalitarian was Mussolini’s Italy.

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Presentation on theme: "Analysing key concepts.. How totalitarian was Mussolini’s Italy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Analysing key concepts.. How totalitarian was Mussolini’s Italy

2 Key traits of totalitarianism  State control of individuals  Ideology  Dynamic leader  Methods of enforcement  Modern technology  State control of Society  Dictatorship and One – Party Rule

3 George Orwell “1984”  George Orwell illustrated the horrors of a totalitarian government in his novel, 1984  Personal freedom and privacy vanished  World made possible through technology

4 Totalitarian leaders of the 20 th century  Adolf Hitler (Germany)  Benito Mussolini (Italy)  Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union)  Kim IL Sung (North Korea)  Saddam Hussein (Iraq)

5 Totalitarianism Today  There are many authoritarian regimes in the world but there are very few (thankfully) actual totalitarian governments.  In 2000 one agency identified 5 totalitarian regimes

6  Afghanistan  Cuba  North Korea  Iran  Sudan  Myanmar  Libya

7 Characteristics of Fascism Basic principles State more important than individual; charismatic leader ; Political Nationalist, racist, one party rule, supreme leader Economic All controlled by state corporations or state Cultural Censorship; indoctrination Secret police Social Supported by middle class, industrialists and military

8 Questions?????  1.How does a totalitarian state attempt to make citizens obey its rules? (synthesizing)  2. How would your life change if you lived in a totalitarian state? (hypothesizing)  3. Which political, cultural and economic characteristics helped make fascism an authoritarian system?  4. What characteristics of fascism make it appealing during times of crisis?

9 Make a documentary movie on life in a totalitarian state Choose from: Afghanistan Cuba North Korea Laos Vietnam Imagine you are a journalist writing an article on life in a totalitarian state What would it look like? Create a 6-10 minute video on a sneak show of life in…….. To show reflections from a social, political and economic perspective What aspects of totalitarianism are described in the documentary


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