4American Rights The Bill of Rights Why was it created? First 10 Amendments to the ConstitutionDeals with individual rights and freedomsWhy was it created?The Bill of Rights were added to the constitution because the states were afraid that the government would become too powerful and infringe on their rights.States refused to ratify the Constitution without some guarantee that would protect individual rights. Why?
5There are two ways to amend the constitution. Yet the most common way to amend the constitution is a 2/3 approval in both houses of congress then approved by ¾ of the states.
6Do you have your rights all of the time? The Bill of Rights allows citizens the freedom to live as you please as long as you obey the laws and respect the rights of others.
7The Right to Vote Year: People allowed to vote Property owning white males over 21: White men over 211870: Men over 21 (15th amend)1920: Men and women over 21 (19th)1971: Men and women over 18 (26th)
8Citizen Participation in an Absolute Monarchy What is an absolute monarchy?Single person (monarch) is head of state and has complete powerWhat role do citizens play in an absolute monarchy?Decline in absolute monarchies after the French and American Revolutions.Why?
9Citizen Participation in a Constitutional Monarchy What is a constitutional monarchy?“The Queen reigns but does not rule”What does this mean?A constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a king or queen reigns with limits to their power along with a governing bodyWhat country is an example of this?Monarchy may be hereditary or electedWhat role do citizens play in a constitutional monarchy?
10Citizen Participation in a Parliamentary Democracy What is a parliamentary democracy?parliamentary democracy is one in which the people choose representatives at regular elections. These representatives are responsible for a number of functions:the formation of the government. This is achieved by majority vote in the lower housethe passage of legislation (the laws of the nation) by majority vote of the ParliamentThe scrutiny and monitoring of the executive government, the public service and other authorities and institutions created by Parliament. Most importantly, this scrutiny extends to monitoring the expenditure of public (taxpayers') money.What role do citizens play in a parliamentary democracy?
11Citizen Participation in a Presidential Democracy What is a presidential democracy?A presidential system, also called a congressional system, is a system of government where an executive branch exists and presides (hence the term) separately from the legislature, to which it is not accountable and which cannot in normal circumstances dismiss it.What does this mean?How is it different from a parliamentary democracy?Separation of powersWhat role do citizens play in a presidential democracy?
12Citizen Participation in a Dictatorship What is a dictatorship?A dictatorship is a form of government where one person (a dictator) reigns supremeUsually rules by force/fearNot accountable to people or for their policiesWhat role do citizens play in a dictatorship?
13Citizen Participation in a Theocracy What is a theocracy?A theocracy is a government in which the leaders are seen as “divinely guided”May be ruled by clergy and state’s law may be based on religious lawSelf appointed rulersWhat role do citizens play in a theocracy?
14What rights do you have as a U.S. citizen? What responsibilities do you have as a U.S. citizen?What does it mean to be an American citizen?