Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 You are the driver"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 1 You are the driver Drive RightChapter 1You are the driver
2Highway Transportation System The Highway Transportation System(HTS) – has three parts: people, vehicles, and roadways. The purpose of the HTS is to move people and cargo from one place to another in a safe, efficient, and economical manner.
3Parts of the HTSPeopleRoadway users – are people who use the HTS by walking, driving, or riding
4Parts of the HTS Vehicles Any vehicle that uses the HTS ranging from a moped to a tractor trailerRoadwaysAny road ranging from a dirt road to a multilane expressway
5Regulating the HTS Laws are passed to make up the vehicle code Enforcement agencies assure that laws are obeyedMotor vehicle departments set rules to assure that driver and vehicle standards are metCourts decide whether drivers charged with violating the laws are guilty or innocentHighway traffic engineer’s plan, build, and maintain the complex system of roadways
6Your Driving TaskDriving Task – includes all the social, physical, and mental skills required to driveUse knowledge and visual skinsObey traffic lawsJudge time and spaceAnticipating how your car will respond under normal and emergency conditions
7Driving TaskSocial Skills - Driving requires you to interact successfully with peoplePhysical Skills – You must learn the physical skills of driving so well that they become natural habit. Beginning drivers need to concentrate heavily on the physical skills of driving. More experienced drivers can focus on the social and mental aspects of driving
8Driving TaskMental Skills – IPDE Process – is a process of seeing, thinking, and respondingIdentify – important information in the ongoing driving scenePredict – when and where possible points of conflict will developDecide – when, where , and how to communicate, adjust speed, and change position to avoid conflictExecute – the right action to prevent conflict
9Preventing Accidents #1--- BE ALERT #2--- BE PREPARED Never think the other driver will not make a mistake#2--- BE PREPAREDLearn how to have a good reaction time#3--- ACT IN TIMETry not to panic. Don’t get nervous, stay calm, cool, and collected
10Driving Responsibilities Driving is a privilege not a right. The privilege is based on the assumption that you will be responsible and obey traffic laws.If you do not handle this responsibility, you have the power to ruin your life and the life of others
11CollisionsA collision occurs when a vehicle conflicts with and hits another objectCollision is a more accurate term than accident. Because accident implies that something just happened by chanceCollision are a major cause of injury and death
12Causes of Collisions Driver error is the most common Following a vehicle to closelyDriving to fast for conditionsDriving after using drugs or alcoholDriving while very tiredUsing Technology while driving, Cell phones!
14Compare the Odds 1 in 4,600,000 you will be killed in a plane crash 1 in 40,000 you will be killed by fire1 in 125 you will be killed in car collision
15Environmental responsibility Air pollutionChemical spillsHow can you manage this?Buy fuel efficient vehiclesReducing driving by car pooling or public transportation
16Your Driver’s LicenseLicensing Process – is designed to make sure that only safe drivers are allowed on the roads by requiring written, physical, and driving examsGraduated Driver Licensing Program – Series of stages that a young driver must go through to get full privilege license
17Your Driver’s License Learner’s Permit Stage At 16 the student receives permit to drive when supervised by an adult(21) with 3 years experiencePermit must be held for at least six months and the student must have no collisions or violation during this timeNo driving between 11:01 PM and 5:00 AMPassengers can be from the same household, but only one other person
18Your Driver’s License Provisional Driver’s License No driving between 11:01pm and 5:00amPassengers must be from the driver’s household and 1 other personIf the driver is 21 no passenger or hour restrictions apply
19Implied Consent Programs In most states you are asked to sign a statement when you get your license saying that you agree to take an alcohol test on requestIf you refuse, you will lose your license
20Clicker QuestionThe provisional driver program in the State of New Jersey is an excellent way to ensure the safety of young, inexperienced drivers?True or FalseOpinion Question!!!!!!!