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INTRODUCING ETHICS. Definitions “Code”—the moral teaching of a religious tradition “Ethics”—the fundamental principles upon which a moral teaching is.

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Presentation on theme: "INTRODUCING ETHICS. Definitions “Code”—the moral teaching of a religious tradition “Ethics”—the fundamental principles upon which a moral teaching is."— Presentation transcript:

1 INTRODUCING ETHICS

2 Definitions “Code”—the moral teaching of a religious tradition “Ethics”—the fundamental principles upon which a moral teaching is based

3 Religion & Morality

4 Religion & Morality Are Not Identical Religion: ways of thinking, feeling, & acting which refer to a notion of sacred reality Religion: ways of thinking, feeling, & acting which refer to a notion of sacred reality Morality: ways of thinking, feeling, & acting which refer to ideas of human welfare Morality: ways of thinking, feeling, & acting which refer to ideas of human welfare

5 Religion & Morality Can Be Related in Various Ways Religion complements morality Religion animates morality Religion is in tension with morality

6 Practice What is the best classification for the ethical justification used in each of the following statements?

7 Practice "You must do unto others as you would have them do unto you.“ 1. Deontological 2. Teleological 3. Neither

8 Practice "I will not support this law because God forbids murder.“ 1. Deontological 2. Teleological 3. Neither

9 Practice "If we do not help them, they will die." 1. Deontological 2. Teleological 3. Neither

10 Practice "If it feels good, do it." 1. Deontological 2. Teleological 3. Neither

11 Practice "The needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few or the one." 1. Deontological 2. Teleological 3. Neither

12 Practice “Obey the laws of the government or our country will end up in chaos." 1. Deontological 2. Teleological 3. Neither

13 Practice "It is okay to cheat on your taxes because everyone does it.“ 1. Deontological 2. Teleological 3. Neither

14 Practice "I owe it to my parents to care for them in their old age." 1. Deontological 2. Teleological 3. Neither

15 Practice "It is more important to save a life than to obey the laws of the state.“ 1. Deontological 2. Teleological 3. Neither

16 Practice If I had not helped you, "Where would I have been?" 1. Deontological 2. Teleological 3. Neither

17 Case Study What are the facts of the case? What are the facts of the case? Where are the gaps in your knowledge? What else do you need to know? Where are the gaps in your knowledge? What else do you need to know? What do you think about the case? (collate your opinions/ideas) What do you think about the case? (collate your opinions/ideas) What kind of ethical reasoning is being used in this case? What kind of ethical reasoning is being used in this case?ethical reasoningethical reasoning Did the person make the right decision in this case? Did the person make the right decision in this case?


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