2 THREE LAWS OF ROBOTICSA ROBOT MAY NOT INJURE A HUMAN BEING, OR, THROUGH INACTION, ALLOW A HUMAN BEING TO COME TO HARMA ROBOT MUST OBEY ORDERS GIVEN IT BY HUMAN BEINGS EXCEPT WHERE SUCH ORDERS CONFLICT WITH THE FIRST LAWA ROBOT MUST PROTECT ITS OWN EXISTENCE AS LONG AS SUCH PROTECTION DOES NOT CONFLICT WITH THE FIRST OR THE SECOND LAW
3 THE TIME BEFORE THE LAWS In science fiction people used to follow the Frankenstein pattern – robots eventually destroy their creator(s).
4 LAW ONEA ROBOT MAY NOT INJURE A HUMAN BEING, OR, THROUGH INACTION, ALLOW A HUMAN BEING TO COME TO HARM
5 LAW TWOA ROBOT MUST OBEY ORDERS GIVEN IT BY HUMAN BEINGS EXCEPT WHERE SUCH ORDERS CONFLICT WITH THE FIRST LAW
6 LAW THREEA ROBOT MUST PROTECT ITS OWN EXISTENCE AS LONG AS SUCH PROTECTION DOES NOT CONFLICT WITH THE FIRST OR THE SECOND LAW
7 RUNAROUNDGregory Powell and Michael Donovan work on photo-cell banks on Mercury and robot Speedy helps them.Speedy gathers selenium from the selenium pool. One day he doesn’t come back on time and they find him running around the pool in circles.Powell refers to the three fundamental laws of robotics in order to come to a logical explanation of Speedy’s behavior and that is the first time Asimov mentions all three of the rules!
8 RULE THREE IN SPEEDY’S CASE In Speedy’s case Rule Three has beenstrengthened, so his allergy to danger isvery high.
9 THE CLASH OF RULE TWO AND RULE THREE Powell explains his unusual behavior by the means of deduction and comes to a conclusion that Rule Three drives him back and Rule Two forward, so he stays on the locus of all points of potential equilibrium and runs in circles.
10 THE INCREASE OF THE RULES To make him stop they try tomodify (increase) any of thethree rules.
11 THE POWER OF THE FIRST RULE Powell makes him stop by accidentally increasing Rule One potential by exposing himself to a dangerous situation.Rule One is above all others!
12 EVIDENCEDr Calvin argues: The 3 laws are nothing more but the essential guiding principles of many world’s ethical systems.
13 THE INTERPRETATION OF THE 1ST LAW Every good human being is supposed to love others as himself, protect his fellow man, risk his life to save another.
14 THE INTERPRETATION OF THE 2ND LAW A human being with a social conscience and a sense of responsibility respects authority, listens to his doctor, boss, government, etc. follows rules and obeys laws
15 THE INTERPRETATION OF THE 3RD LAW Every human being is supposed to have the instinct of self-preservation i.e. humans avoid harming themselves
16 THE ANALOGUES OF THE LAWS IN THE DESIGN OF TOOLS A tool must be safe to use. Knives have handles, swords have hilts, grenades have hooks, etc.A tool must perform its function efficiently unless this would harm the userA tool must remain intact during its use unless its destruction is required for its use or for safety
17 2004 MOVIE I, ROBOTThe movie I,Robot starts with the three laws of Robotics, the perfect circle of protection as they call it later.Will Smith’s character makes a comment: Laws are made to be broken!He argues with Dr Calvin about the laws and the posibility of robot committing a crime.Dr Calvin makes a funny observation when she says that a robot cannot commit a murder no more than a man can walk on water…Will Smith’s character responds: Well, you know, there was this one guy long time ago…
18 MARK W. TILDEN’S LAWS OF ROBOTICS Mark Tilden is Canada’s most notorious and internationally known robot scientist. He has created his own Three Laws of Robotics as a response to Isaac Asimov’s:
19 A robot must protect its existence at all costs TILDEN’S FIRST LAWA robot must protect its existence at all costs
20 A robot must obtain and maintain access to its own power source TILDEN’S SECOND LAWA robot must obtain and maintain access to its own power source
21 TILDEN’S THIRD LAWA robot must continually search for better power sources
22 THE THREE ‘COMMANDMENTS’ These ideas are often summarized as:1. Protect thy ass2. Feed thy ass3. Get thy ass to better real estate
23 WORKS CITED http://www.robotics.utexas.edu/rrg/learn_more/history/ Asimov, Isaac. I, Robot. London:HarperCollinsPublishers 1967.Proyas, Alex. I, Robot. 20th Century Fox in association with Mediastream IV; DavisEntertainment Company/Laurence Mark/Overbrook Films production, 2004.