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1 Principles of Judaism Analyze the similarities and differences in Roman and Jewish law, faith, and duties of the individual.
Early History of the Jews 63 B.C. Rome captured Jerusalem— capital of Judea.
3 1.3 Jews of ancient history were known as “Hebrews” What we know comes from the “Torah”. 3
Early History of the Jews Torah is the sacred text. Abraham—2000 B.C. migrated to Canaan—would become Israel.
Famine forced them to Egypt. In Egypt for 400 years. Moses led their way back to Canaan.
Judaism Hebrews/Jews were monotheists—one God. They had to uphold a covenant with God made by Abraham. The people had to remain faithful and obedient to God. Religion was Judaism.
Believed that god made a covenant (promise) with Abraham. To protect them and to provide them with a homeland.
Torah = sacred teachings History of the Israelites. Describes historical events.
Torah- Contains the laws that must be fulfilled in order to fulfill the covenant between God and the people. People must remain faithful and obedient to God.
10 Teachings of Law and Morality The Torah: many laws-- some dealt with cleanliness. some dealt with criminal acts. 10
Teachings of Law and Morality Torah set out laws—from criminal acts to moral principles. People are free to make moral choices
Book of moral laws was the… Ten Commandments—focused on morality— Moses lawgiver focus on religious duties as well as individual conduct. God expected the people to follow these rules
13 Teachings of Law and Morality The first four Commandments stressed the religious duties of the individual. Such as keeping the “Sabbath” (a holy day of rest/worship). 13
14 The rest set up rules for individual conduct such as not murdering or stealing. 14
Similar set of laws apply to all--not just Jews: Seven Universal Laws— included prohibitions against robbery/murder also establish courts
16 An Ethical Worldview Must obey God’s law. But...have freedom to make moral choices. 16
An Ethical Worldview Spiritual leaders enforced God’s will. Prophets like Isaiah said failure to obey any of the laws would lead to disaster.
also preached ethics—moral standards of behavior. Not only personal morality, but a morally just community. Called upon the rich to protect/help the poor and weak.
Judaism promoted equality and the rule of law. Must obey God’s law. God created man in his own image— equality—saw their leaders as human.
The Scattering of the Jews Diaspora = scattering of the Jews --Began with their exile to Babylonia. Some stayed others returned. Christianity begun after.
Christianity What are the sacred texts of Christianity? The sacred text of Christianity is the Holy Bible. The Christian Bible has two parts: the Old Testament.
The Rise of Judaism Mr. Hawthorne World Civilizations.
Coach Crews World History. Judaism On your paper, write down at least 5 things that you know about the Jewish religion.
Major Religions in WHAP prior to 600 C.E. Polytheisms Polytheisms Hinduism Hinduism Judaism Judaism Confucianism Confucianism Daoism Daoism Buddhism Buddhism.
Section :1 The First Israelites 1. Early Israelites Pg 81 New people entered the region (around the Mediterranean Sea) after the fall of the Egyptian.
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+ Missions in the OT From the beginning of the revelation of God to mankind His has shown His commitment to reconciling His fallen creation back to Himself.
Rise and Spread of Christianity. MAIN IDEAS Christianity built upon the Jewish belief in one God and the concept of a Messiah. The disciples of Jesus.
The Torah What is it? Why is it so important to the Jewish people?
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Of. and a to the in is you that it at be.
The Christian Rest Hebrews 4:1-10. God Wants to Give us His Rest For we who have believed do enter that rest, as He has said: "SO I SWORE IN MY WRATH,
The. of and a to in is you that it he was.
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Pick a Covenant, Either Covenant For a copy of this lesson, see me or my web site. 2 Choices: First …
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Judaism: Beliefs & Practices Introduction to World Religions Fall 2007 Dr. Hannah Schell The Hallowing of Life.
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