Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Plymouth Colony Chapter 4 Lesson 3 Pages 162-167.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Plymouth Colony Chapter 4 Lesson 3 Pages 162-167."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Plymouth Colony Chapter 4 Lesson 3 Pages

2 Objectives Learn how people lived in the Plymouth Colony
Describe the cooperation and conflict between settlers and Native Americans. Explain how English settlers developed ways to govern themselves

3 The Pilgrim’s Journey 1614 – John Smith leaves Jamestown to explore north Wrote “A Description of New England” 6 states: Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine


5 Seeking Religious Freedom
English read Smith’s book and thought about moving. Why? Money Religious reasons

6 Seeking Religious Freedom
King Henry VIII – banned the Catholic church in England. Replaced with the Church of England Everyone must belong or punished

7 Seeking Religious Freedom
Pilgrims – person who makes a journey for religious reasons Pilgrims left England for the Netherlands to worship freely Had religious freedom, but didn’t like Dutch way of life. OPTION: Move to North America

8 Seeking Religious Freedom
Virginia Company – paid for their passage Pilgrims would pay them back with furs, lumber, and new land 1620 – left England on a ship called the Mayflower


10 Seeking Religious Freedom
Why did the Pilgrims want to go to North America? To build their own society where everyone shared the same religious beliefs

11 Mayflower Compact Mayflower was headed for Virginia, but storms blew it off course Landed at Cape Cod in now Massachusetts



14 Mayflower Compact All men signed a compact to keep order
Compact – is an agreement The Mayflower Compact agreed Fair laws would be made that benefited the entire colony They promised to obey these laws


16 Mayflower Compact Majority Rule – if more than half the people agreed to a law or decision, everyone must follow it Majority Rule was included in the Mayflower Compact

17 Mayflower Compact Self-Government – The Mayflower compact gave those who signed it the right to govern themselves Very new idea ~ they were used to Monarchs ruling Only Men signed the compact, but woman must obey

18 Mayflower Compact Pilgrims took several weeks to find a place to settle Chose a site on a harbor: This provided easy access to the Atlantic Ocean for shipping and trade Fresh water and good land for growing crops was close John Smith had already named the area PLYMOUTH

19 Plymouth William Bradford One of Plymouth’s early governors

20 Building a Colony Worked hard at making good choices
But, first winter was HARD 50 of the 102 settlers died

21 Building a Colony – Help arrives
Samoset – Native American who came in the spring speaking English Came back with Tisquantum also called Squanto Squanto was from the Wampanoag tribe

22 Building a Colony – Help arrives
Squanto – had been taken and sold as a slave in Spain He escaped and spent several years in England before returning back to North America He learned English and was able to communicate with the Pilgrims

23 Tisquantum – aka Squanto
Taught Pilgrims how to plant squash, corn, and pumpkins Also how to fish Both groups benefited from their cooperation (Pilgrims and Wampanoag)

24 Tisquantum – aka Squanto
Squanto helped the colonists trade for furs from other other tribes The Native Americans traded for metal goods and cloth Metal goods used to make tools and jewelry

25 Plymouth Grows At the beginning all food was divided equally among the colonists In 1623, leaders divided the land among the colonists The result: the people worked harder

26 Growing Prosperity More colonists came
They prospered from farming, fishing, and fur trading However, slow growth the first 10 years By 1630, only 300 colonists

27 Trouble Starts After 1630, other English came and settled throughout New England Not all were friendly with Native Americans They did not see a need to cooperate with Indians Fights broke out ~ Trade ended

28 Trouble Starts Once trade ended, life became harder for the colonists and Native Americans William Bradford (who supported peace at the beginning) now wanted war to push out Native Americans

29 Trouble Starts As homelands for the Native Americans grew smaller, they began to fight with each other over hunting lands

30 Summary Pilgrims leave Europe to establish a society based on their religious beliefs. Settlers wrote the Mayflower Compact to set up self-government. Early on, Native Americans helped, but as colonists moved into their lands, fighting broke out.

31 Chapter 4 Review Which nation started colonies in the Americas first?

32 Chapter 4 Review What did Spain start in the borderlands of New Spain to convert the Native Americans to Christianity? Missions

33 Chapter 4 Review Which colony made huge profits as a result of tobacco sales to Europe? Virginia

34 Chapter 4 Review What was England’s first permanent settlement in North America? Jamestown

35 Chapter 4 Review Which is an example of a primary source?
A photograph of reenactors at Jamestown A movie about Pocahontas’s life John Smith’s book “A Description of New England” A recent book about Jamestown

36 Chapter 4 Review What was a key advantage of the Pilgrims’ building their settlement on a bay? Near the Atlantic ocean and provided easy access to shipping and trade

37 Chapter 4 Review How did Tisquantum help the first colonists in New England? Taught them how to farm and fish

38 Chapter 4 Review Why was Jamestown’s location a poor choice for a settlement? The land was swampy and not good for farming

39 Chapter 4 Review How did missionaries affect native Americans in New Spain? They held ceremonies to make large numbers Catholic. They taught them Catholic beliefs. Some forced them to work as slaves. Were forced to change how they lived and worshipped.

40 Chapter 4 Review How does the Mayflower Compact form a self-government? The people who signed the compact agreed to make and follow their own laws for the common good.

41 Chapter 4 Review What kinds of activities made up the early economies of the North American colonies? Farming, ranching, fishing, fur trading, and shipping goods and raw materials back to Europe

42 Chapter 4 Review Why was the House of Burgesses important?
Helped make laws that were needed to keep order. It was also the first representative assembly in the English colonies. It allowed some of the Virginia colonists to elect members to the House of Burgesses who would represent them.

43 Chapter 4 Review Which is an example of a primary source?
John Smith’s book “A Description of New England”

Download ppt "The Plymouth Colony Chapter 4 Lesson 3 Pages 162-167."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google