5Seeking Religious Freedom English read Smith’s book and thought about moving.Why?MoneyReligious reasons
6Seeking Religious Freedom King Henry VIII – banned the Catholic church in England.Replaced with the Church of EnglandEveryone must belong or punished
7Seeking Religious Freedom Pilgrims – person who makes a journey for religious reasonsPilgrims left England for the Netherlands to worship freelyHad religious freedom, but didn’t like Dutch way of life.OPTION: Move to North America
8Seeking Religious Freedom Virginia Company – paid for their passagePilgrims would pay them back with furs, lumber, and new land1620 – left England on a ship called the Mayflower
16Mayflower CompactMajority Rule – if more than half the people agreed to a law or decision, everyone must follow itMajority Rule was included in the Mayflower Compact
17Mayflower CompactSelf-Government – The Mayflower compact gave those who signed it the right to govern themselvesVery new idea ~ they were used to Monarchs rulingOnly Men signed the compact, but woman must obey
18Mayflower CompactPilgrims took several weeks to find a place to settleChose a site on a harbor: This provided easy access to the Atlantic Ocean for shipping and tradeFresh water and good land for growing crops was closeJohn Smith had already named the area PLYMOUTH
19PlymouthWilliam BradfordOne of Plymouth’s early governors
20Building a Colony Worked hard at making good choices But, first winter was HARD50 of the 102 settlers died
21Building a Colony – Help arrives Samoset – Native American who came in the spring speaking EnglishCame back with Tisquantum also called SquantoSquanto was from the Wampanoag tribe
22Building a Colony – Help arrives Squanto – had been taken and sold as a slave in SpainHe escaped and spent several years in England before returning back to North AmericaHe learned English and was able to communicate with the Pilgrims
23Tisquantum – aka Squanto Taught Pilgrims how to plant squash, corn, and pumpkinsAlso how to fishBoth groups benefited from their cooperation (Pilgrims and Wampanoag)
24Tisquantum – aka Squanto Squanto helped the colonists trade for furs from other other tribesThe Native Americans traded for metal goods and clothMetal goods used to make tools and jewelry
25Plymouth GrowsAt the beginning all food was divided equally among the colonistsIn 1623, leaders divided the land among the colonistsThe result: the people worked harder
26Growing Prosperity More colonists came They prospered from farming, fishing, and fur tradingHowever, slow growth the first 10 yearsBy 1630, only 300 colonists
27Trouble StartsAfter 1630, other English came and settled throughout New EnglandNot all were friendly with Native AmericansThey did not see a need to cooperate with IndiansFights broke out ~ Trade ended
28Trouble StartsOnce trade ended, life became harder for the colonists and Native AmericansWilliam Bradford (who supported peace at the beginning) now wanted war to push out Native Americans
29Trouble StartsAs homelands for the Native Americans grew smaller, they began to fight with each other over hunting lands
30SummaryPilgrims leave Europe to establish a society based on their religious beliefs.Settlers wrote the Mayflower Compact to set up self-government.Early on, Native Americans helped, but as colonists moved into their lands, fighting broke out.
31Chapter 4 Review Which nation started colonies in the Americas first? Spain
32Chapter 4 ReviewWhat did Spain start in the borderlands of New Spain to convert the Native Americans to Christianity?Missions
33Chapter 4 ReviewWhich colony made huge profits as a result of tobacco sales to Europe?Virginia
34Chapter 4 ReviewWhat was England’s first permanent settlement in North America?Jamestown
35Chapter 4 Review Which is an example of a primary source? A photograph of reenactors at JamestownA movie about Pocahontas’s lifeJohn Smith’s book “A Description of New England”A recent book about Jamestown
36Chapter 4 ReviewWhat was a key advantage of the Pilgrims’ building their settlement on a bay?Near the Atlantic ocean and provided easy access to shipping and trade
37Chapter 4 ReviewHow did Tisquantum help the first colonists in New England?Taught them how to farm and fish
38Chapter 4 ReviewWhy was Jamestown’s location a poor choice for a settlement?The land was swampy and not good for farming
39Chapter 4 ReviewHow did missionaries affect native Americans in New Spain?They held ceremonies to make large numbers Catholic. They taught them Catholic beliefs. Some forced them to work as slaves. Were forced to change how they lived and worshipped.
40Chapter 4 ReviewHow does the Mayflower Compact form a self-government?The people who signed the compact agreed to make and follow their own laws for the common good.
41Chapter 4 ReviewWhat kinds of activities made up the early economies of the North American colonies?Farming, ranching, fishing, fur trading, and shipping goods and raw materials back to Europe
42Chapter 4 Review Why was the House of Burgesses important? Helped make laws that were needed to keep order. It was also the first representative assembly in the English colonies. It allowed some of the Virginia colonists to elect members to the House of Burgesses who would represent them.
43Chapter 4 Review Which is an example of a primary source? John Smith’s book “A Description of New England”