Presentation on theme: "On women Comparative study on 1 Peter 3 Efesians 5."— Presentation transcript:
On women Comparative study on 1 Peter 3 Efesians 5
What kind of writer? Mark – action filled gospel Matthew – Jewish OR How does background of writer influence his Thoughts Illustrations Allusions to OT verses References to cultural practices?
Peter vs Paul Peter Man of action Observer of Jesus Read Paul’s letters 1 Peter = mature Peter Direct man Uses similar terms in different contexts / meanings
1 Peter & Efesians 5 Be careful to read each in own context Same wording / images is not equal to same meaning Same terms – different contexts, logic Sound similar – be more cautious
Terms Cannot cross reference! 1 Peter 3 (dis)obey submit yourselves lord Children fear Efesians 5 obey submit yourselves Lord children fear
Obey 1 Peter 3 Addresses Christian wife with unsaved husband Why? To win him to Christ “women of old” living in exemplary way (humorous – both obeyed each other!) Disobey – speaks of husband, NOT wife to obey! Efesians 5 Obey does NOT refer to wife, but to children, slaves
Submit yourselves 1 Peter 3 Ch2: submit to authority: inferior to superior Why? v12, 15 – pleasing & glorifying God Mixed marriages: master / servant tones gone All Christians – synonyms Same purpose: v15: witness to unsaved Efesians 5 Context: life within body of Christ Greek word structure: how equals get along Submit to one another in fear of Lord = Colossians Married couple is example – submit in v22 implied from v21
Lord 1 Peter 3 Sarah – “lord” OT: term for “husband” Efesians 5 “Lord” – Saviour Paul does NOT use term “Lord” for husband
Children 1 Peter 3 Status: Women NOT like children “adult believing descendants of Abraham” Efesians 5 Children to obey parents NOT wife to obey!
Fear 1 Peter 3:2, 6 3:2 “respectful” = Fear of God v6: frightful to be at mercy of unmerciful power Do not submit out of fear for husband Efesians 5 Two uses: Relational respect Positional: children & slaves Submit to one another out of fear for Christ
Context: 1 Peter Section Theme: Doing good Submission & respect is central to holy lifestyle Results God praised Non-believers converted
1 Peter: 6 Types of submission 2:17 – love brotherhood 2:17, 3:2 – fear God who saved us 2:17 – honour the king 2:18 – respect your masters 3:1, 7 – be considerate of spouse 3:8 – be humble among believers
Efesians 5: Mutual submission Submit Love
Submission compared 1 Peter 3 Submission – action that bears witness Love Fear Honour Respect Be considerate Be humble Efesians 5 Mutual submission in Body of Christ Submit as Christians Submit as church Love Love as in Eden