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From the creators of “Simple & Compound Sentences” Von Steuben’s English Department is proud to present COMPLEX SENTENCES.

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Presentation on theme: "From the creators of “Simple & Compound Sentences” Von Steuben’s English Department is proud to present COMPLEX SENTENCES."— Presentation transcript:

1 From the creators of “Simple & Compound Sentences” Von Steuben’s English Department is proud to present COMPLEX SENTENCES

2 Simple Sentences Review A simple sentence is also known as an independent clause; this means it has a clear subject (or noun) and predicate (verb). BTW: A sentence MUST express a complete BTW: A sentence MUST express a complete thought, otherwise it is considered a sentence fragment, a.k.a. an DEPENDENT CLAUSE. thought, otherwise it is considered a sentence fragment, a.k.a. an DEPENDENT CLAUSE. Ex. 1 Zeus was the king of all the gods. Ex. 2 His behavior was sometimes dishonorable.

3 Compound Sentence Review Compound sentences are created using one of three methods to join two independent clauses together: Compound sentences are created using one of three methods to join two independent clauses together: Method 1: a comma + a conjunction (FANBOYS word) Method 1: a comma + a conjunction (FANBOYS word) Method 2: a semi-colon (;),or Method 2: a semi-colon (;),or Method 3: a semi-colon + conjunctive adverb. Method 3: a semi-colon + conjunctive adverb. For example (using Method 3): Zeus was the king of all the gods; however, his behavior was not always honorable.

4 Complex Sentences A dependent clause is also known as a sentence fragment, or a phrase that does not express a complete thought. Therefore, a complex sentence is created using one of two Therefore, a complex sentence is created using one of twomethods Method 1: independent clause + dependent clause. Ex. Orpheus lost Eurydice because he did not obey the gods’ orders. ( independent clause) + (dependent clause– can’t stand alone) ( independent clause) + (dependent clause– can’t stand alone) Method 2: Dependent clause + a comma (,) + independent clause EXAMPLE Because he did not obey the gods’ orders, Orpheus lost Eurydice. (dependent clause, or fragment)(independent clause)

5 Helpful Hints Hint #1: Complex Sentences often show cause-and-effect in your writing. Hint #2: In order to identify a complex sentence, look for the subordinating conjunction!! Hint #3: There is NO COMMA before the subordinating conjunction.

6 Subordinating Conjunctions Think: BABAWUWUIST BeforeWhenIf AfterUnlessSince BecauseWhileThrough AlthoughUntil

7 Now You Try! With a neighbor, write a complex sentence about your childhood hero using BOTH methods (2 mins) Method 1: Independent clause + Dependent clause. Ex. Orpheus lost Eurydice because he did not obey the gods’ orders. ( independent clause) + (dependent clause– can’t stand alone) ( independent clause) + (dependent clause– can’t stand alone) Method 2: Dependent clause + a comma (,) + Independent clause EXAMPLE Because he did not obey the gods’ orders, Orpheus lost Eurydice. (dependent clause, or fragment)(independent clause)

8 COMPOUND- COMPLEX SENTENCES …and now for something a little different, allow me to introduce…

9 Review Simple sentences have one main clause and no subordinate clauses Simple sentences have one main clause and no subordinate clauses Compound sentences have two or more main clauses, but no subordinate clauses. Compound sentences have two or more main clauses, but no subordinate clauses. Subordinate Clauses (a.k.a. “sentence fragments” are clauses that are missing either a subject or predicate and therefore cannot stand alone) Subordinate Clauses (a.k.a. “sentence fragments” are clauses that are missing either a subject or predicate and therefore cannot stand alone) HINT: Look for BABAWUISTA words as clues HINT: Look for BABAWUISTA words as clues

10 Complex & Compound-Complex Sentences are Slightly Different A complex sentence has one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses A complex sentence has one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses For Example: Because we had the day off, (subordinating clause) (subordinating clause) we slept-in until the midafternoon. (independent clause) (independent clause)

11 Compound-Complex Sentences A compound-complex sentence has more than one main clause and at least one subordinate clause. A compound-complex sentence has more than one main clause and at least one subordinate clause. For Example: Although it was a Tuesday, we slept-in until midafternoon (subordinating clause) (independent clause) because parent-teacher conferences were scheduled for the day (subordinating clause) and while our parents have to come to school, (subordinating clause) we didn’t have to go to our classes that day. (independent clause)

12 Student Practice In the Writer’s Choice textbook, pages , Practice 6-8*. In the Writer’s Choice textbook, pages , Practice 6-8*. Read the directions and complete the tasks for Practice 6 & 7 Read the directions and complete the tasks for Practice 6 & 7 For Practice 8 although the directions ask for a variety of sentences types, you’ll only need to create 1 of each type (four total): For Practice 8 although the directions ask for a variety of sentences types, you’ll only need to create 1 of each type (four total): Simple Simple Compound Compound Complex Complex Compound-Complex Compound-Complex *For your convenience, a PDF version of this activity has been uploaded to BOTH vonsteuben.org & the Student Portal


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