Presentation on theme: "From the creators of “Simple & Compound Sentences” Von Steuben’s English Department is proud to present COMPLEX SENTENCES."— Presentation transcript:
1 From the creators of “Simple & Compound Sentences” Von Steuben’s English Department is proud to presentCOMPLEX SENTENCES
2 Simple Sentences Review A simple sentence is also known as an independent clause; this means it has aclear subject (or noun) and predicate (verb).BTW: A sentence MUST express a completethought, otherwise it is considered a sentence fragment, a.k.a. an DEPENDENT CLAUSE.Ex. 1 Zeus was the king of all the gods.Ex. 2 His behavior was sometimes dishonorable.
3 Compound Sentence Review Compound sentences are created using one of three methods to join two independent clauses together:Method 1: a comma + a conjunction (FANBOYS word)Method 2: a semi-colon (;),orMethod 3: a semi-colon + conjunctive adverb.For example (using Method 3):Zeus was the king of all the gods; however, his behavior was not always honorable.
4 Complex SentencesA dependent clause is also known as a sentence fragment,or a phrase that does not express a complete thought.Therefore, a complex sentence is created using one of twomethodsMethod 1: independent clause + dependent clause.Ex. Orpheus lost Eurydice because he did not obey the gods’ orders.(independent clause) (dependent clause– can’t stand alone)Method 2: Dependent clause + a comma (,) + independent clauseEXAMPLEBecause he did not obey the gods’ orders, Orpheus lost Eurydice.(dependent clause, or fragment) (independent clause)
5 Helpful HintsHint #1: Complex Sentences often show cause-and-effect in your writing.Hint #2: In order to identify a complex sentence, look for the subordinating conjunction!!Hint #3: There is NO COMMA before the subordinating conjunction.
7 Dependent clause + a comma (,) + Independent clause Now You Try!With a neighbor, write a complex sentence about your childhood hero using BOTH methods (2 mins)Method 1:Independent clause + Dependent clause.Ex. Orpheus lost Eurydice because he did not obey the gods’ orders.(independent clause) (dependent clause– can’t stand alone)Method 2:Dependent clause + a comma (,) + Independent clauseEXAMPLEBecause he did not obey the gods’ orders, Orpheus lost Eurydice.(dependent clause, or fragment) (independent clause)
8 Compound-complex Sentences …and now for something a little different, allow me to introduce…Compound-complex Sentences
9 ReviewSimple sentences have one main clause and no subordinate clausesCompound sentences have two or more main clauses, but no subordinate clauses.Subordinate Clauses (a.k.a. “sentence fragments” are clauses that are missing either a subject or predicate and therefore cannot stand alone)HINT: Look for BABAWUISTA words as clues
10 Complex & Compound-Complex Sentences are Slightly Different A complex sentence has one main clause and one or more subordinate clausesFor Example:Because we had the day off,(subordinating clause)we slept-in until the midafternoon.(independent clause)
11 Compound-Complex Sentences A compound-complex sentence has more than one main clause and at least one subordinate clause.For Example:Although it was a Tuesday, we slept-in until midafternoon(subordinating clause) (independent clause)because parent-teacher conferences were scheduled for the day(subordinating clause)and while our parents have to come to school,we didn’t have to go to our classes that day.(independent clause)
12 Student PracticeIn the Writer’s Choice textbook, pages , Practice 6-8*.Read the directions and complete the tasks for Practice 6 & 7For Practice 8 although the directions ask for a variety of sentences types, you’ll only need to create 1 of each type (four total):SimpleCompoundComplexCompound-Complex*For your convenience, a PDF version of this activity has been uploaded to BOTH vonsteuben.org & the Student Portal