2Purpose of Reproduction To make sure a species can continue.Definition: Reproduction is the process by which an organism produces others of its same kind.
3Asexual ReproductionA new organism (sometimes more than one) is produced from one organism.The offspring will have hereditary material uniform with the hereditary material of the parent organism. This means they will be genetically alike.
4Types of Asexual Reproduction In AnimalsBuddingRegenerationFragmentationFission (Binary fission)In PlantsPlantlets (budding)TubersRunnersBulbs
5BuddingProcess by which a new, duplicate plant or animal begins to form at the side of the parent and enlarges until an individual is created.Very common in plants; plantlets
15TubersThe easiest thing to think of when you're trying to understand a tuber is the potato.A tuber has leathery skin and lots of eyes - no basal plate. All of those eyes are the growing points where the plants will emerge.Examples of tubers: Potatoes, sweet potatoes, dahlias
16RunnersA runner is a stem which grows along the ground rather than upwards.Roots grow down from the runners and these help the plant spread over a large area.Example of plants that make runners are strawberries and bamboo
17BulbsBulbs (which are referred to as "true bulbs") grow in layers, much like an onion.At the very center of the bulb is a miniature version of the flower itself.Helping the bulb to stay together is something called a basil plate, which is that round and flat hairy thing (those are the beginnings of roots) on the bottom of the bulb.Bulbs reproduce by creating offsets. These little bulbs are attached to the larger bulb.
18Sexual Reproduction Requires two sex cells – egg and sperm The egg and sperm join to form an entirely new organismDifferent from the parent organism
19IMPORTANT!Asexual reproduction results in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent organismSexual reproduction results in offspring that are genetically different from the parent organisms