Presentation on theme: "B – A* Matt E Jordan R Lochlan Explain the functions of the skeletal system and give sporting examples of movement possible at joints Explain why a body."— Presentation transcript:
B – A* Matt E Jordan R Lochlan Explain the functions of the skeletal system and give sporting examples of movement possible at joints Explain why a body type is suited to a particular sporting activity Explain how muscles work as antagonistic pairs to create movement C – B James Shannon Jordan Hu Georgia V Jordan Y Explain the functions of the Skeletal system and name 2 types of joint Explain the 3 body somatotypes and link to a sport for each type Identify all of the major muscles and which make ‘antagonistic pairs’ D – C Georgia B Bailey Chantelle Jordan Ha Morgan Nathan Olivia Mckenzie Matt W James W Identify 3 functions of the Skeletal system Identify the 3 body types and explain optimum body weight Identify 6 of the major muscles Numeracy Measure resting heart rate Literacy / Key words Cardiovascular Optimum Antagonistic Behaviour 4 Learning Settle to the task quickly SMSC Teamwork – can you help your teammates to do better? Learning Outcomes
The Revision Stations – 8 mins per station Station 1 and Station 4:MindMap Use the MindMap to answer the questions and then create your own version to revise from Station 2 and Station 5: Ask the expert Select an ‘expert’ for your group and 2 question makers. You have 4 minutes to read the information sheet and write up questions and answers (info must be on the sheet). ‘Expert’ has 4 mins to revise. 2 mins to ask your questions of the ‘expert’ 2 mins to write up Q+A Station 3: Red v Blue Mini Beat Bolt In your team select 1 researcher, 1 scribe and 1 runner Runner gets question, researcher finds answer, runner brings for checking! Furthest down track in 6 mins wins!!! 2 mins to write up your answers! Numeracy Measure resting heart rate Literacy / Key words Cardiovascular Optimum Behaviour 4 Learning Settle to the task quickly Keep focused! SMSC Teamwork – can you help your teammates to do better?
Name 2 muscles in the upper arm Biceps and Triceps Name 3 muscles in the leg Quadriceps, hamstring, gastrocnemius Name 4 more muscles on the diagram Deltoid Abdominals Trapezius Latissimus Dorsi What is the name given to two muscles working together to create movement – give an example Antagonistic Pairs When 1 muscle contracts the other…. Relaxes Identify 3 short term effects of exercise Increased lactic acid Increased temp Tiredness Identify 3 long term effects of exercise Inc Strength Inc Endurance Hypertrophy
Biceps Triceps Abdominals Deltoid Trapezius Latissimus Dorsi Gluteals Hamstrings Gastrocnemius Quadriceps Pectorals Major Muscles Agonist (prime mover) – a muscle that contracts and is directly responsible for the movement at a joint Antagonist – A muscle that has an action opposite to that of the agonist and helps in the production of coordinated movement. When one muscle contracts, the other relaxes to allow movement Short term effects of exercise Long term effects of exercise Increase in muscle temperature Increased muscular strength Fatigue (gets tired)Increased muscular endurance Increase in lactic acid production Muscular hypertrophy (get bigger) Strength training Endurance training Weight training with heavy weights and few repetitions Weight training with light weights and lots of repetitions
A lot of body fat Wide hips Narrow shoulders Slim wrists / ankles ‘D’ for dumpy Rating 7:1:1 Little body fat Muscular body Broad shoulders Narrow hips ‘M’ for muscular Rating 1:7:1 Little muscle / body fat Narrow hips Narrow shoulders Thin legs and arms ‘T’ for thin Rating 1:1:7 Endomorph Makes a great Sumo Wrestler or Prop forward in rugby – hard for someone to move Not great for jumping – too much weight to lift! Too much weight can cause joint injuries Mesomorph Makes a great 100m runner – can generate a lot of power Not great for marathon running – too much energy to keep it moving Heavy weight training to build more muscle Ectomorph Makes a great high jumper or marathon runner Requires little energy to keep moving for a long time Not good for sports requiring strength
Look at the MindMap and answer the following questions: 1.The 3 functions of the skeletal system are: Support, Movement and ? 2.What bones protect organs? 3.Where can you find a ‘hinge’ joint? 4.Where can you find a ‘ball and socket’ joint? 5.Give a sporting example of ‘Adduction and Abduction’ Now complete your own MindMap for the Skeletal system Type of movement Definition ExtensionTo straighten, to increase the angle at a joint FlexionTo bend, decrease the angle at a joint AdductionTo move towards the mid-line AbductionTo take away from the mid-line RotationThe turning of a structure around its long axis Inwards rotation – medial / outwards rotation - lateral