2Essential QuestionsWhat is the difference between track events and field events?How would the training be different for long distant running and short/sprint running events?
3What is Track and Field?Track and Field is considered an individual sport. It is a competition that includes running, jumping and throwing events.There are certain track events that require more than one person, such as the baton relay.Each running event is started by an event director who prompts each athlete when to begin. He or she says, “Runners take your mark, set, and then a signal goes off for runners to go.”
4HistoryTrack and field is often said to have evolved from natural human activity.Most events mimic predatory activities and survival such as using spears(throwing events) and chases(running and jumping events).Formalized track and field was first recorded at the Ancient Olympic Games of 776 BC in Olympia, Greece.The single event contested was a footrace of roughly 200 yards called the stade or stadion, from which we get the word “stadium.” The history of track and field mainly revolves around the Olympic Games.
5United States Track and Field History The track and field events in the United States are reported to have started as far back as 1860.As the time progressed, many new events were added.It was only after 1913 that track and field events were treated as a professional sport.The 400 meter dash(one full lap around the track) was featured in the Summer Olympics in 1896 for men only. It was not until 1964 that the event was open to women.
6Track and Field SafetyParticipants must wear proper athletic shoes and clothingParticipants need to be aware of their surroundings at all times. The track and field area needs to remain clear of any and all obstructions that may hinder your eventRunners must stay in in their lanes while participating in track running eventsRunner must listen to coaches or event directors for signals to begin each race
7Special Olympics Softball Throw (Can Be Done Instead Of The Shot Put) A 30cm (11 3/4") in circumference softball shall be used.Competitors may use any type of throw. The same throwing motion must be used for qualifying and final throws.Maximum approach distance will be three meters beyond the back of the throwing box.
8Track Equipment Tennis Shoes Shot Put Types Softball for Special OlympicsBatons for Relays
9Track and Field Playing Areas Track for Running EventsSand Pits for Field Jumping EventsShot Put Ring for Field Events
10DistancesSprints – An event where the runner has to run very fast for a short to middle distanceShort Distances – Running events that are completed for a short distance, such as the 50, 100, 200 meter dashMiddle Distances – Running events that are completed for a middle distance, such as (1 lap) to 800(2 laps) meter runs and relaysLong Distances – Running events that are completed for a long distance, such as 1600 (1 mile or 4 laps) and (2 mile) meter runs and relays
11Sprinting Cues Run upright Elbows at 90 degrees Brush hips with hands Balls of feet
12Short Running Distances (Common Distances Practiced in APE Class) 50 meter dash100 meter dash
1350 Meter DashA shorter modified distance in Special Olympics and Adapted P.E. and other track events that allows students of all levels to be successful
14100 Meter DashA short distance sprint running event in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics
15(1/2 Lap Around the Track) 200 Meter Dash(1/2 Lap Around the Track)200 meters is a popular short distance sprint running event. On an outdoor 400 m track, the race begins on the curve and ends on the home straight, so a combination of techniques are needed to successfully run the race..StartFinish
16400 Meter Dash (1 Full Lap Around the Track) The 400 meter dash is a common middle distance running event in track and field competition. It has been featured in the athletics program at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and was introduced in 1964 for women. On a standard outdoor running track it is exactly 1 lap around the trackStart(O)OXFinish (X)
17800 and 1600 Meter Run800 Meters = Middle distance running event that Is 2 full laps around the track1600 Meters = Long distance running event that is1 mile or 4 full laps around the track
18Baton RelayA race that uses more than one person to complete the distance; each person carries the baton forward, staying in one lane before handing it off to the next person
19Handoff Must Be Within Exchange Zones Baton RelayHandoff Must Be Within Exchange ZonesRelay Handoffs andExchanges1. Receiver-straighten arm towards runner2. Receiver-spread thumb and forefinger 90 degrees3. Runner-grip bottom of baton and give verbal cue to, “Exchange”4. Runner-pass baton into palm of receiver
20Long JumpA field event with a jump for distance from a running start by jumping off your strongest foot. In jumping events an athlete cannot go over the board or they are given a scratch
22Softball Throw Cues Underhand Throw Face the target Point to the targetHand way backStep with opposite footRelease when hand meetspointing handOverhand ThrowSide to the targetTwistThrow
23Shot Put Cues Shot put under chin with finger grip and elbow up Knees bent with weight on back footOpposite shoulder to targetTwist, transfer body weight forwardFollow through and release on extension
24Field event in which a weighted ball is thrown for distance Shot Put Field EventField event in which a weighted ball is thrown for distance
26Track and Field Cognition Assessment What Equipment is this? BatonsWhat event am I doing? Baton Relay RaceWhy should I do this? Good For My MusclesHow will this help me in mylife? Keeps Me At A Healthy Weight
27Name the Track and Field Equipment Tennis ShoesShot Put TypesSoftball for Special OlympicsBatons for Relays
28Identify the Track Equipment Track BatonsTennis BallSoccer BallFootballBasketball
29What Track and Field Event is This? Long JumpBaton Relay
30Identify the Field Event Track Event Running/WheelchairField Event Long JumpTrack Event Running/WalkerTrack Event Running Baton Relay
31Identify the Track, Running Event Field Event Long JumpField EventShot PutField EventSoftball ThrowRunning Event Baton Relay
32Identify the Person Running Track SoccerBasketballTrack and FieldT-Ball/Softball
33How Will Track and Field Benefit Me In My Life? Participating in track and field keeps me at a healthy weightParticipating in track and field keeps me from being tiredParticipating in track and field is a great way to make friends
34Why Should I Participate In Track and Field? Running track and participating in field events is good for my cardiovascular healthRunning track and participating in field events stimulates my brainRunning track and participating in field events keeps my muscles strongRunning track and participating in field events allows me to be active while having fun with friends