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Hydro power systems
Loch Sloy dam: 290 m head, 130 MW rated output
Lairg dam and power station, Sutherland
Kilmorack, near Inverness: 15 m head, 20 MW rated output
Shira power station, Argyll: 45 m head, 5 MW output
Augst-Whylen power station, River Rhine: 13 Kaplan turbines
Kaplan turbine runner, 8.4 m diameter, 20.5 MW
Pelton Wheel rated at 117 MW under a head of 686 m
6-jet Pelton wheel, rated at 122 MW under head of 650 m; Aoos River, Greece
Francis runner, 9 m diameter, rated at 248 MW under a head of 44.5 m. Stainless steel, 260 tons; Hunan, China
Large Francis runner: hand finishing prior to delivery
Sectional drawing of modern Francis turbine installation showing the inlet valve and spiral casing, guide vanes, runner and draft tube. Direct shaft drive to the generator mounted above.
Schematic drawing of a hydro-electric power plant using a reaction turbine (valve and surge chamber on the inlet side have been omitted)
Cwm Dyli power house, built in Wales in 1906
Underground power station: Ceannacroc, near Fort Augustus. 90 m head, 20 MW total power output from two turbines
Exposed pipework for hydro plant, Peru, S. America
Clunie dam, Pitlochry: 50 m head, 61 MW rated output. Fish ladder to give access to upper reservoir
Construction of Longyang dam, China. 178 m high, it will incorporate 3 turbines each rated at 320 MW
Construction of 1200 MW pumped storage scheme at Yantan, China
1200 MW pumped storage scheme, Guangzhou, China
Cruachan pumped storage scheme, Argyll: 365 m head, 400 MW rated output; 4 Francis pump/turbine units
Aerial view of Cruachan site showing upper reservoir and dam. Administration and visitor centre is on the shore of Loch Awe below; power station is underground, some 400 m from the loch-side
Convection currents (wind and ocean waves), W Evaporation of water, heating of water & ice W Photosynthesis on land and sea, 98.
Energy conversion and storage Some energy sources have storage ‘built in’ Fossil fuels Biofuels Hydro power (to some extent) Others are available on demand.
Turbines RAKESH V. ADAKANE DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING YCCE NAGPUR.
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Hydropower Worldwide, an installed capacity of 777 GW supplied 2998 TWh of hydroelectricity in % of the world's electricity, and accounted for.
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HYDROELECTRIC AND PUMPED STORAGE PRESENT WORLD CAPACITY = 630 GW POWER = DELTA P x FLOW RATE POWER (W) = H =METRES, Q = CUSECS.
Module 4 Reaction Turbines: Kaplan Turbine. Module 4 Reaction Turbines: Kaplan Turbine. Introduction.
Hydro Electricity Generation What is Hydroelectricity? the production of electrical power through the use of the gravitational force of falling.
HYDROELECTRIC AND PUMPED STORAGE PRESENT WORLD CAPACITY = 630 GW POWER = DELTA P x FLOW RATE POWER (W) = H =METRES, Q = CUSECS NIAGRA FALLS, H=100M,Q=6000M.
CONTENTS INTRODUCTION. HYDRO POWER PLANT IN INDIA. WORKING. ELEMENTS OF HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER PLANT. CLASSIFICATION. TYPES OF TURBINES. ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES.
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Hydro-Electric Power Station Lecture No: 4. “”A generating station which utilizes the potential energy of water at a high level for the generation of.
Hydroelectrical Power Generation Traditional Methods of Hydroelectric Generation Low Head Power Generation Medium Head Power Generation High Head Power.
Hydro electric (Hydel) Power Plant By Mr.B.Ramesh, M.E.,(Ph.D), Research Scholar, CEG, Anna University, Chennai. Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering,
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Do Now:. Hydro Turbines: Power & Efficiency The Potential Energy of Reservoirs Dams force water to back up behind them into reservoirs which store the.
HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER PLANT. INTRODUCTION The cheapest source which is to generating power is water. Hydro-electric power plant main aim was to generate.
HYDRAULIC TURBINES By:- Sagar Mewada Manik Mehta
Hydroelectric, Holyoke MA. Hadley Falls Power Station is operated by the Holyoke Gas and Electric Company. The first dam was built across the Connecticut.
Hydraulic machinery Turbine is a device that extracts energy from a fluid (converts the energy held by the fluid to mechanical energy) Pumps are devices.
TURBINES. HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANT A turbine is a rotary engine that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work Eg: steam turbine,
ROLL NO.ENROLLMENT NO.NAME MAKVANA DISHA R. GUIDED BY : PROF. R. JADAV.
1. A generating station which utilized the potential energy of water at a high level for the generation of the electrical energy is known as a hydro-electric.
Prof. S. M. Harle Dept of Civil Engg PRMCEAM Turbines.
1 WATERPOWER LABORATORY. 2 Built in 1916 Main areas of research and development: –Hydro Turbines Francis Pelton Pump-Turbines –Centrifugal Pumps –Pump.
Prepared By : Prasoon Agarwal ( ) Saravadiya Deep ( Mihir Macwan ( ) Nishkarsh Srivastava ( ) Raymangiya.
Hydro Power Plants A dam is built to trap water, usually in a valley where there is an existing lake. Water is allowed to flow through tunnels in the dam,
Clean Energy Project Analysis Training Hydro Project Analysis.
Power Plant Construction and QA/QC Section 3.5 & 3.6 – Hydraulic Turbines & Reciprocating Engines Engineering Technology Division.
Closing Remarks on Pelton Wheel The first scientifically developed concept and also patented product. The only one option for high heads (> 600 m) Best.
中 国 水力资源与开发概况 Overview of Hydropower Resources and Development in China Zhou Shangjie China Society for Hydropower Engineering.
MICRO HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANT WITH CHAIN TURBINE Nguyen Minh Duy.
Examples Losses in Francis turbines NPSH Main dimensions Francis turbines.
Do Now: What are the 4 steps of the Water Cycle? What is the difference between transcription and evaporation?
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Group : 06. Rotary engine that exact energy from a fluid flow and convert in to useful work. Consists of rotor assembly with blades attached. Moving.
Facts Hydropower The production of electrical power through the use of the gravitational force of falling or flowing water. Accounting for 16 percent.
The Importance of Hydropower and the Dam of Włoczławek 26 May 2014.
HYDRO POWER Flowing water creates energy that can be stored, captured and turned into electricity. Hydropower is the world’s most important renewable.
HYDRO POWER PLANT INTRODUCTION HYDRO POWER PLANT IN INDIA ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF HYDRO POWER PLANT WORKING DIAGRAMMATICAL WORKING.
1 Reaction – Pressurized discharge Pump as Turbine (PAT) Francis Turbine Some proprietary Turgo type turbines Impulse – Atmospheric discharge.
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