Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Sparse Compact Directed Acyclic Word Graphs Shunsuke Inenaga (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science & Kyushu University) Masayuki Takeda (Kyushu University.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Sparse Compact Directed Acyclic Word Graphs Shunsuke Inenaga (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science & Kyushu University) Masayuki Takeda (Kyushu University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sparse Compact Directed Acyclic Word Graphs Shunsuke Inenaga (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science & Kyushu University) Masayuki Takeda (Kyushu University & Japan Science and Technology Agency)

2 Traditional Pattern Matching Problem Given : text T in   and pattern P in   Return : whether or not P appears in T   : alphabet (set of characters)    : set of strings A text indexing structure for T enables you to solve the above problem in O(m) time (for fixed  ).  m: the length of P

3 Suffix Trie A trie representing all suffixes of T a a c b $ c b $ c b $ b $ $ T = aacb$ aacb$ acb$ cb$ b$ $

4 Unwanted Matching pace runner pattern s text

5 Unwanted Matching pace runner pattern s text

6 Unwanted Matching pace runner pattern s text

7 Introducing Word Separator # # : word separator - special symbol not in  D =   # : dictionary of words Text T : an element of D + (T is a sequence T 1 T 2 …T k of k words in D) e.g., T = This#is#a#pen#   = {A,…,z}  D = {...,This#,...,a#,...is#,...pen#,...}

8 Word-level Pattern Matching Problem Given: text T in D + and pattern P in D + Return: whether or not P appears at the beginning of any word in T e.g. T = The#space#runner#is#not#your#good#pace#runner# P = pace#runner#

9 Word-level Pattern Matching Problem Given: text T in D + and pattern P in D + Return: whether or not P appears at the beginning of any word in T e.g. T = The#space#runner#is#not#your#good#pace#runner# P = pace#runner#

10 Word Suffix Trie A trie representing the suffixes of T which begin at a word. T = aa#b# aa#b# a#b# #b# b# # a a # b # b #

11 Normal and Word Suffix Tries a a # b # b # a a # b # # b # # b # b # T = aa#b# Normal Suffix Trie Word Suffix Trie

12 Normal and Word Suffix Trees a a # b # b # a a # b # # b # # b # b # T = aa#b# Normal Suffix Tree Word Suffix Tree

13 Sizes of Word Suffix Tries and Trees For text T = T 1 T 2 …T k of length n,  the word suffix trie of T requires O(nk) space, but  the word suffix tree of T requires O(k) space!! because the word suffix tree has only k leaves and has only branching internal nodes.

14 Construction of Word Suffix Trees Algorithm by Andersson et al. ( 1996 )  for text T = T 1 T 2 …T k of length n, constructs word suffix trees in O(n) expected time with O(k) space. Our algorithm (CPM’06)  builds word suffix trees in O(n) time in the worst case, with O(k) space.

15 Our Construction Algorithm We modify Ukkonen’s on-line normal suffix tree construction algorithm by using minimum DFA accepting dictionary D  We replace the root node of the suffix tree with the final state of the DFA.

16 Minimum DFA The minimum DFA accepting D =   # clearly requires constant space (for fixed  ). # 

17 On-line Construction of Word Suffix Trees T = aa#b# a,b a #

18 T = aa#b# a,b a # On-line Construction of Word Suffix Trees

19 T = aa#b# a,b # a a On-line Construction of Word Suffix Trees

20 T = aa#b# a,b # a a On-line Construction of Word Suffix Trees

21 T = aa#b# a,b # a a # On-line Construction of Word Suffix Trees

22 T = aa#b# a,b # a a # On-line Construction of Word Suffix Trees

23 T = aa#b# a,b # a a # b b On-line Construction of Word Suffix Trees

24 T = aa#b# a,b # a a # b b On-line Construction of Word Suffix Trees

25 T = aa#b# a,b # a a # b b # # On-line Construction of Word Suffix Trees

26 Pseudo-Code Just change here

27 Like Dress-up Doll...

28 Like Dress-up Doll... [cont.] Just change hair!! Body is the same!! a a # b # b # a a # b # # b # # b # b # a,b #  # Different looking!!!!

29 Compact Directed Acyclic Word Graphs a a # b # # b # # b # b # T = aa#b# Suffix Tree a a # b # # b # # b # b # Compact Directed Acyclic Word Graph (CDAWG) minimization

30 Sparse CDAWGs a a # b # b # T = aa#b# Word Suffix Tree Sparse Compact Directed Acyclic Word Graph (SCDAWG) minimization a a # b # b #

31 Sparse CDAWGs [cont.] a a # b # # T = a#b#a#bab# Word Suffix TreeSCDAWG minimization # b b a a b # # # b b a # b a # b a a # # # b b a # b a a # b b

32 SCDAWG Construction SCDAWGs can be constructed by minimizing word suffix trees in O(k) time.  using Revuz’s DAG minimization algorithm (1992)

33 SCDAWG Construction [cont.] Question : Direct construction for SCDAWGs? Answer : YES! Using minimal DFA accepting dictionary D, we can directly build SCDAWGs in O(n) time and O(k) space.  We modify the CDAWG on-line construction algorithm (Inenaga et al. 05) by using the above DFA.

34 Pseudo-Code Just change here Body is the same!! a a # b # # b # # b # b # a a # b # b # Different looking!!!! a,b #  #

35 Some Events Basically on-line construction of SCDAWGs is similar to that of word suffix trees. Except for the two following unique events:  Edge merging  Node splitting

36 Edge Merging T = a#b#a#bab#bc... a # # b a # b b a,b # a # # b

37 Edge Merging T = a#b#a#bab#bc... a # # b a # b b a,b # a # # b a a

38 Edge Merging T = a#b#a#bab#bc... a # # b a # b b a,b # a # # b a a a

39 Edge Merging T = a#b#a#bab#bc... a # # b a # b b a,b # a a

40 Node Splitting T = a#b#a#bab#bc... a # # b a # b b a,b # a a b # b #

41 Node Splitting T = a#b#a#bab#bc... a # # b a # b b a,b # a a b # b # b b

42 Node Splitting T = a#b#a#bab#bc... a # # b a # b b a,b # a a b # b # b b a # # b a a b # b # b b

43 Conclusion We introduced new text indexing structure sparse compact directed acyclic word graphs (SCDAWGs) for word-level pattern matching. We presented an on-line algorithm to construct SCDAWGs directly, in O(n) time with O(k) space.  The key is the use of minimum DFA accepting dictionary D.

44 Related Work “Sparse Directed Acyclic Word Graphs” by Shunsuke Inenaga and Masayuki Takeda Accepted to SPIRE’06


Download ppt "Sparse Compact Directed Acyclic Word Graphs Shunsuke Inenaga (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science & Kyushu University) Masayuki Takeda (Kyushu University."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google