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Using Phrases Language Network Prepositional Phrase Using Phrases Here’s the Idea As Adjective As Adverb Why It Matters Practice and Apply.

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Presentation on theme: "Using Phrases Language Network Prepositional Phrase Using Phrases Here’s the Idea As Adjective As Adverb Why It Matters Practice and Apply."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Using Phrases Language Network

3 Prepositional Phrase Using Phrases Here’s the Idea As Adjective As Adverb Why It Matters Practice and Apply

4 Phrase A phrase is a group of related words that acts as a single part of speech. Here’s the Idea

5 Prepositional Phrase A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object. It can function as an adverb or an adjective. Here’s the Idea

6 By placing phrases properly, you can make your writing clear and descriptive. Here’s the Idea

7 An adjective phrase modifies a noun or a pronoun. Here’s the Idea

8 NOUN PRONOUN The dance club on Main Street holds a contest every weekend. Some of the competitors dance professionally. What does each adjective phrase modify? Here’s the Idea

9 An adverb phrase modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Here’s the Idea

10 VERB ADJECTIVE The graceful champion dives into the pool. The city diving finals are the most difficult of all competitions. What does each adverb phrase modify? Here’s the Idea

11 The placement of a prepositional phrase can affect the meaning of a sentence. As you write, make sure that prepositional phrases appear to modify the words you want them to modify. Why It Matters

12 At the dog show the woman waits beside her dog in the purple dress. How does the placement of the highlighted prepositional phrase affect the meaning of this sentence? Why It Matters

13 At the dog show the woman in the purple dress waits beside her dog. How could the position of the prepositional phrase be changed to make the meaning clear? Why It Matters

14 Identify the prepositional phrase, along with the word it modifies. A news conference occurred on January 13, Practice and Apply

15 Identify the prepositional phrase, along with the word it modifies. Michael Jordan said he was retiring from the Chicago Bulls. 2.

16 Identify the prepositional phrase, along with the word it modifies. The reporter asked Jordan about his future plans. 3. Practice and Apply

17 Rewrite the sentence, changing the position of a prepositional phrase so that the meaning is clear. Sheila told us about the winning basket she made at dinner. 4. Practice and Apply

18 Rewrite the sentence, changing the position of a prepositional phrase so that the meaning is clear. The player scored six points with the knee brace. 5. Practice and Apply

19 Participial Phrase Using Phrases Here’s the Idea Why It Matters Practice and Apply

20 Participle A participle is a verb form that acts as an adjective. It modifies a noun or a pronoun. Here’s the Idea

21 NOUN Exhausted, Monique finished her workout. Here’s the Idea

22 Stumbling, the player dropped the ball. There are two kinds of participles. He fell to the ground, exhausted. past participle present participle Here’s the Idea

23 Participial Phrase A participial phrase consists of a participle plus its modifiers and complements. Here’s the Idea

24 The ball dropped by Martin went out of bounds. Participial phrases can be used to add details to descriptions. Here’s the Idea

25 Pay attention to the placement of participial phrases in your writing. A phrase in the wrong place is known as a misplaced modifier or dangling participle. Why It Matters

26 STUDENT MODEL Gasping for breath, the crowd watched the runner. The runner broke the ribbon. DRAFT A misplaced participial phrase, often called a misplaced modifier, modifies a word other than the one it is intended to modify. Why It Matters

27 STUDENT MODEL DRAFT Gasping for breath, the crowd watched the runner. The runner broke the ribbon. Who is gasping for breath? Why It Matters

28 STUDENT MODEL DRAFT Gasping for breath, the crowd watched the runner. The runner broke the ribbon. REVISION The crowd watched the runner. Gasping for breath, the runner broke the ribbon. Why It Matters

29 STUDENT MODEL Coming home with the trophy, our parrot said, “Hello!” DRAFT A dangling participial phrase does not logically modify any of the words in the sentence in which it appears. Why It Matters

30 STUDENT MODEL DRAFT Coming home with the trophy, our parrot said, “Hello!” The parrot won the trophy? Why It Matters

31 STUDENT MODEL DRAFT Coming home with the trophy, our parrot said, “Hello!” REVISION Coming home with the trophy, we heard our parrot say, “Hello!” Why It Matters

32 Identify the participle and the word it modifies. The blooming honeysuckle attracts bees. 6. Practice and Apply

33 Identify the participial phrase and the word it modifies. Animals living in Antarctica make their homes along the coast. 7. Practice and Apply

34 Identify the participial phrase and the word it modifies. An enormous icicle broken into several pieces lay on the sidewalk. 8. Practice and Apply

35 Rewrite the sentence to eliminate the dangling or misplaced participial phrase. Mary Pickford played the heroine in many films known as “America’s Sweetheart.” 9. Practice and Apply

36 Rewrite the sentence to eliminate the dangling or misplaced participial phrase. The Marshalls found their yard full of weeds returning from their trip. 10. Practice and Apply


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