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Track & Field Cross Country Freshman Physical Education Curriculum.

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Presentation on theme: "Track & Field Cross Country Freshman Physical Education Curriculum."— Presentation transcript:

1 Track & Field Cross Country Freshman Physical Education Curriculum

2 Basic Definitions & Terms Running Events in Track Sprint events: –100 meter, –200 meter –400 meter dashes. Distance events – 800 meter, –1600 meter –3200 meter runs. The size of a High School Track is 400 meters.

3 Basic Definitions & Terms Running Events in Track Relay Teams: consist of a team of four runners each running a specific distance. Sprint Relays: Each runner runs the same distance –4 x 100 –4 X 200 meters.

4 Basic Definitions & Terms of Track Relays Distance relays –4 x 400 (mile relay). –4 x 800 meters (3200 meter relay). Each runner runs the same distance.

5 Basic Definitions & Terms for Track Boys-110 High hurdles 39 inch hurdle height, 15 yds/13.72 from start to the first hurdle, 10 yds./9.14 m between hurdles and 15 yards/from the last hurdle to the finish line. 10 hurdles 39 inch hurdle height, 15 yds/13.72 from start to the first hurdle, 10 yds./9.14 m between hurdles and 15 yards/from the last hurdle to the finish line. 10 hurdles Boys- 300 Meter Intermediate Hurdles 36 inch hurdle, 45 m from the start to the first hurdle, 36 inch hurdle, 45 m from the start to the first hurdle, 35 m between hurdles and 10 m from the last hurdle to the finish line. 8 hurdles 35 m between hurdles and 10 m from the last hurdle to the finish line. 8 hurdles

6 Basic Definitions & Terms for Track Girls-100 Meter High Hurdles 33-inch hurdle height, 13 m from the start to the first hurdle, 8.5 meters between hurdles and 10.5 meters from the last hurdle to the finish line. (10 hurdles) 33-inch hurdle height, 13 m from the start to the first hurdle, 8.5 meters between hurdles and 10.5 meters from the last hurdle to the finish line. (10 hurdles) Girls-300 Meter Low Hurdles 30-inch hurdle height, 45 meters from the start to the first hurdle, 35 meters between hurdles and 10 meters from the last hurdle to the finish. (8 hurdles) 30-inch hurdle height, 45 meters from the start to the first hurdle, 35 meters between hurdles and 10 meters from the last hurdle to the finish. (8 hurdles)

7 Basic Definitions & Terms Cross-Country Cross-country races are run over rough terrain. Boys & Girls High School X-country race is 3 miles. The steeplechase event (in track and field) is an obstacle run over 3,000meter course with hurdles, water jumps and other hazards.

8 Basic Definitions & Terms Field Events Shot Put Shot Put –Must be “put” from one hand starting from above the shoulder and not going below the shoulder until free of hand. –You must enter and exit throwing ring through the back of the ring. –You cannot touch any part of the ring. –The distance is measured from the inside edge of the stop board to the place in the sector where the shot hits first. –Boys shot weighs 12 lbs. ( kg) –Girls shot weighs 8 lbs. 13 oz. (4 kg)

9 Basic Definitions & Terms Throwing Events Discus Discus –Must be thrown with one hand. –You must enter and exit the ring through the back half. –You cannot touch any part of the ring. –The discus must land within the sector measured. –The distance is measured from the inside edge of the ring to the place in the sector the discus first hits. –Boys discus weighs 1.6 kg ( 3 lbs oz.) –Girls discus weighs 1 kg ( 2 lbs. 3.3 oz)

10 Basic Definitions & Terms Jumping Events Long Jump –You must run along the runway and jump off of one foot from the take-off board nearest the landing pit. –The length of the runs varies from person to person. –Fouling occurs if the jumper steps over the board or runs past the plane of the board. –The jump is measured from the scratch line to the mark in the sand that is closest to the scratch line. –The jumper must land in the pit and then exit the pit under control.

11 –Hop-Step-Jump: take off and land on the same foot (hop) land on the opposite foot (step) jump off the foot & land in the pit (jump) –Fouls and measurement are the same as the long jump. Field Events – Basic Terms Triple Jump

12 Basic Definitions & Terms Field Events High Jump –You must jump off of one foot. –You cannot dislodge the bar from the standard or you are given a missed attempt. –You have three attempts to clear each height.

13 Basic Definitions & Terms Jumping Events Pole Vault –The athlete attempts to clear a high cross bar using a 12 to 16 foot pole. –The pole is usually made of fiberglass. – The pole vaulter lands on a soft pad called a pit –Once you plant the pole in the vaulting box and leave the ground it is considered an attempt. –You cannot dislodge the bar from the standard or pas under the bar, it is a miss. –Three consecutive misses and you are out.

14 Strategies-Running Pacing jog/run at a steady and consistent speed. speed. Run at your own pace-comfortable to you. When running the mile find a classmate that runs a similar pace. that runs a similar pace. For the mile run pick up your pace in the last 200 meters of your run. In all running events run through the finish line for your past time.

15 Running Event Rules Starting the Race: –No false starts –Sprint events have a three command start: Take your mark, set, Gun sounds. –Distance events have a two command start: runners set, gun sounds. –A whistle will designate the start in P.E. classes.

16 Running Rules for Sprint & Distance Events In the sprinting races you must stay in your lane for the entire race. When the race is run around a curve, you may not take three or more steps on the inside of your lane or you will be disqualified. In a distance race all runners run the inside of the track. When passing you must not interfere when moving back to the inside of the track. In the hurdle races your lead and trail leg must pass over the hurdle, not around the sides or below the hurdle. An effort must be made to go over each hurdle.

17 Relay Exchange Rule The baton must be exchanged in a zone that is 20 meters in length. The baton must be handed to not thrown to the outgoing runner. All relays are run in lanes with the exception of the 4 x 800 relay. If the baton is dropped, it must be picked up by the runner that dropped the baton. If it was dropped during the exchange when both runners had a hand on the baton, either runner may pick it up as long as they are within the exchange zone.


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