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Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure.

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Presentation on theme: "Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure."— Presentation transcript:

1 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.2a The structure of a long bone (humerus). (a) Anterior view with longitudinal section cut away at the proximal end. Proximal epiphysis Articular cartilage Epiphyseal line Spongy bone Periosteum Compact bone Medullary cavity Diaphysis Distal epiphysis (a)

2 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.2a The structure of a long bone (humerus). (a) Anterior view with longitudinal section cut away at the proximal end.

3 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.3a Microscopic structure of compact bone. (a). Perforating fibers Compact bone Periosteal blood vessel Periosteum Blood vessel Central (Haversian) canal Spongy bone Blood vessel continues into medullary cavity containing marrow Osteon (Haversian system) Lamellae Perforating (Volkmann’s) canal (a)

4 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.3a Microscopic structure of compact bone. (a). (a)

5 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.10 Paranasal sinuses. Maxillary sinus Ethmoid sinus Frontal sinus Sphenoid sinus Frontal sinus Ethmoid sinus Sphenoid sinus Maxillary sinus (a)(b)

6 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.10 Paranasal sinuses. (a)(b)

7 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.29 General structure of a synovial joint. Acromion of scapula Ligament Bursa Tendon sheath Tendon of biceps muscle Joint cavity containing synovial fluid Articular (hyaline) cartilage Synovial membrane Fibrous articular capsule Humerus

8 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.29 General structure of a synovial joint.

9 Types of Structural Joints

10

11 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.30 Types of synovial joints. Carpals Ulna Humerus Radius Ulna Nonaxial Uniaxial Biaxial Multiaxial (f) (b) (c) (e) (d) (a) Carpal Metacarpal #1 Head of humerus Scapula Metacarpal Phalanx (a) Plane joint (b) Hinge joint (c) Pivot joint (e) Saddle joint (f) Ball-and-socket joint (d) Condyloid joint

12 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9e by Elaine N. Marieb Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 5.30 Types of synovial joints. Carpals Ulna Humerus Radius Ulna Nonaxial Uniaxial Biaxial Multiaxial (f) (b) (c) (e) (d) (a) Carpal Metacarpal #1 Head of humerus Scapula Metacarpal Phalanx


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