Presentation on theme: "Tendon : attaches muscle to bone. Fascia : encloses muscles and separates them into groups."— Presentation transcript:
Tendon : attaches muscle to bone
Fascia : encloses muscles and separates them into groups
Ligament : attaches bone to bone or bone to cartilage
Origin : the less movable of the two points of attachment. Attaches to the fixed part of the skeleton
Insertion : the point of attachment by a muscle
Skeletal muscle: also called voluntary muscle because they are controlled at will. Also called striated because they have a striped microscopic appearance. When muscles contract the fibers become shorter and thicker
Smooth Muscle: also called visceral, nonstriated or involuntary muscle. Many of the internal organs are made of smooth muscle including:
Smooth muscle vs skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle is involuntary but does show very fine striations
cardiac striated smooth
Muscle Attachments: attachment to tendons (eg phalanges) results in movement and reduces bulk. Voluntary muscles usually attach to bone.
Muscles may also be attached to skin, mucous membranes or the fascia of other muscles.