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Module 8 | Slide 1 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Basic Principles of GMP 9.

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Presentation on theme: "Module 8 | Slide 1 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Basic Principles of GMP 9."— Presentation transcript:

1 Module 8 | Slide 1 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Basic Principles of GMP 9

2 Module 8 | Slide 2 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Objectives To review general issues related to personnel To review requirements for key personnel To review the training of personnel To consider some specific issues

3 Module 8 | Slide 3 of 29 January Personnel Principle Establishment and maintenance of satisfactory system of QA, manufacture and control of products and actives rely on people. Must be sufficient qualified personnel to carry out tasks Individual responsibilities must be clearly defined and understood by individuals concerned Written job descriptions All personnel should be aware of the principles of GMP that affect them

4 Module 8 | Slide 4 of 29 January Personnel General (1) Personnel requirements: Adequate number of persons With necessary qualifications With practical experience An individual’s responsibilities should not be so extensive as to present a risk to quality

5 Module 8 | Slide 5 of 29 January Personnel General (2) All responsible staff should have specific duties recorded in individual written job descriptions Have adequate authority to carry out responsibilities May delegate to designated deputies with qualifications No gaps or unexplained overlaps Organization chart

6 Module 8 | Slide 6 of 29 January 2006 Basic Principles of GMP Organization chart This is NOT what it should look like

7 Module 8 | Slide 7 of 29 January Personnel General (3) All personnel should be aware of GMP Must receive training in GMP: äinitial training äcontinuing training äincluding hygiene standards Motivated to äsupport the establishment ämaintain high-quality standards

8 Module 8 | Slide 8 of 29 January Personnel General (4) Prevent unauthorized access äTo production areas äStorage areas äQuality control Stop personnel who do not work in these areas using them as passageways

9 Module 8 | Slide 9 of 29 January 2006 Basic Principles of GMP

10 Module 8 | Slide 10 of 29 January Personnel Key Personnel (1) Key personnel (which normally should be full-time) positions include: Authorized person Head of Production Head of Quality Control May delegate functions – not responsibility Heads of Production and Quality Control should be independent of each other

11 Module 8 | Slide 11 of 29 January Personnel Key Personnel (2) Should posses appropriate qualifications Scientific education such as: ächemistry or biochemistry ächemical engineering ämicrobiology äpharmaceutical sciences and technology äpharmacology and toxicology äphysiology; or äother related science subjects relevant to the responsibilities to be undertaken

12 Module 8 | Slide 12 of 29 January Personnel Key Personnel (3) Should posses appropriate experience Practical experience äManufacture and quality assurance äPreparatory period under professional guidance sometimes needed Education and experience should enable personnel to take difficult decisions in an independent, professional and scientific way äresolve the problems encountered in manufacturing and QC

13 Module 8 | Slide 13 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Shared Responsibilities (1) Heads of Production and Quality Control may share/jointly exercise some responsibilities relating to quality: authorization of written procedures (SOPs) and other documents, including amendments monitoring and control of manufacturing environment plant hygiene process validation and calibration training, including application and principles of QA approval and monitoring of suppliers and contract acceptors 9.8

14 Module 8 | Slide 14 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Shared Responsibilities (2) Designation and monitoring of storage conditions for materials and products Performing and evaluating in-process controls Retention of records Monitoring compliance with GMP Inspection, investigation, and taking of samples to monitor factors which may affect quality 9.8

15 Module 8 | Slide 15 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Head of Production: Responsibilities (1) Product production and storage according to appropriate documentation Approval and implementation of production instructions, in-process QC and ensure strict implementation Ensures that production records are evaluated and signed by designated person 9.9

16 Module 8 | Slide 16 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Head of Production: Responsibilities (2) Checks maintenance of production department, premises and equipment Ensures process validation and calibration performed, recorded, and reports are made available Ensures initial and continuous training of production personnel 9.9

17 Module 8 | Slide 17 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Head of Quality Control: Responsibilities (1) Approval or rejection of materials, e.g. packing materials, intermediates, bulk and finished products, in accordance with specifications Evaluation of batch records Ensures carrying out of necessary testing Approval of quality control procedures, e.g. sampling and testing; specifications 9.10

18 Module 8 | Slide 18 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Head of Quality Control: Responsibilities (2) Approval and monitoring of all contract analysis Checks maintenance of quality department, premises and equipment Ensures validation (including analytical procedure validation) and calibration of control equipment Ensures initial and continuous training of QC personnel 9.10

19 Module 8 | Slide 19 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Authorized person: Responsibilities (1) Compliance with technical and regulatory requirements Approval of the release of finished product for sale Establishment and implementation of quality system Development of quality manual Supervision of self-inspections and quality audits 9.11

20 Module 8 | Slide 20 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Authorized person: Responsibilities (2) Oversight of the QC department Participation in external audits and vendor audits Participation in validation programmes May delegate approval of release of product through approved procedure Normally by QA by means of batch review 9.12, 9.13

21 Module 8 | Slide 21 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Person releasing the batch should ensure: (1) Each batch meets manufacturing and marketing authorization requirements Principles and requirements of GMP are met All checks and tests have been performed Production conditions and manufacturing records Planned changes and deviations reported - including where necessary to drug regulatory authority 9.14 a - e

22 Module 8 | Slide 22 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Person releasing the batch should ensure: (2) Additional sampling, inspection, checks and tests had been done when required All production and control documents are completed and endorsed Audits, inspections and spot-checks were done QC approval has been given All other relevant factors have been considered 9.14 f - j

23 Module 8 | Slide 23 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Training (1) Training, in accordance with a written, approved programme äall personnel whose duties take them into production areas; or äinto control laboratories; and äfor others whose activities could affect the quality of the product including technical, maintenance and cleaning personnel Induction and continuing training äon theory and practice of GMP and their duties ätraining records should be kept äpractical effectiveness checked ätraining before undertaking any new task 10.1, 10.2

24 Module 8 | Slide 24 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Training (2) Specific training for staff in special areas, e.g. äWhere contamination is a hazard äIncluding clean areas; or äAreas where highly active, toxic, infectious, sensitizing materials are handled The concept of QA should be fully discussed during training to facilitate proper understanding to ensure its implementation 10.3, 10.4

25 Module 8 | Slide 25 of 29 January Personnel Visitors or Untrained Personnel Preferable not to enter production and control areas. If this is unavoidable then: They must be given information in advance, particularly about äpersonal hygiene äprotective clothing requirements Must be accompanied and closely supervised at all times

26 Module 8 | Slide 26 of 29 January Personnel Consultants and contract staff Should be qualified for the services provided Training records maintained Records should prove qualifications

27 Module 8 | Slide 27 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Group Session What do you think will be the key personnel issues to arise during an inspection? What sort of responses do you think you should give to these issues when they become apparent?

28 Module 8 | Slide 28 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Possible Issues – I Limited number of staff Inadequate qualifications Inadequate experience Owner interferes in quality decisions Lack of means to develop training materials

29 Module 8 | Slide 29 of 29 January 2006 Personnel Possible Issues – II Company procedures take precedence over local legislation Unclear organization diagram Staff movement Inadequate training records Illness


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