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Addressing Bullying Behavior W/in a PBIS Framework George Sugai OSEP Center on PBIS Center for Behavioral Education & Research University of Connecticut.

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Presentation on theme: "Addressing Bullying Behavior W/in a PBIS Framework George Sugai OSEP Center on PBIS Center for Behavioral Education & Research University of Connecticut."— Presentation transcript:

1 Addressing Bullying Behavior W/in a PBIS Framework George Sugai OSEP Center on PBIS Center for Behavioral Education & Research University of Connecticut October 6,

2 PURPOSE To improve our understanding of & responding to bullying behavior from perspective of school-wide positive behavior support.

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5 Suggestions

6 Bullying Program Component Review Purpose Maggin & Sugai, 2011

7 Search Methodology (Independent Coders)

8 Inclusion Criteria

9 Main Program Questions

10 Program Materials Primary Source Typen% Book Chapter Dissertation24.55% Journal Article % Program Manual920.45% Total % Total programs identified = 51 Total programs reviewed = 44 –Program materials non-English = 6 –Manual for purchase only = 1

11 Preliminary Results – Key Groups Key Group Component Present Definition of Group Observable Focus Skills Observable Skills Initiator27 (61.36%) 19 (43.18%) 8 (18.18%) Accept responsibility; Recruit attention positively Target31 (70.45%) 13 (29.55%) 20 (45.45%) Ignore; Seek help; Verbally confront initiator; Walk away Bystander27 (61.36%) 12 (27.27%) 19 (43.18%) Model appropriate behavior; Report incidents; Verbally confront initiator Staff*21 (47.73%) 8 (18.18%) 21 (47.73%) Develop clear consequences; Develop protocol for intervening on incidents; Public posting of expectations * 33 (75%) of programs required curriculum implementation

12 Examples of Nonobservable Behaviors for Initiators

13 Preliminary Results – Systems Logic Systems Feature n% Notes Faculty Team Developed % Use of Initiator Data % School staff referral; parent referral; Needs assessment of aggression, anger management; self-assessment Use of Target Data % School staff referral; parent referral; Needs assessment Use of Bystander Data 24.54% Self-assessment; Incidence reporting Staff Training Provided % LEA Endorsement 49.09% LEA Coordinator %

14 Preliminary Results -- RTI RTI Featuresn%Notes Identification Screening 36.82% Data Referenced % Data Specified % School-wide survey of bullying needs; Student incident reports; Teacher incident reports; Referrals Initiator Continuum % Group counseling sessions Target Continuum % Group counseling sessions Bystander Continuum % Staff Continuum 24.54% No formal strategies described. Fidelity Checks 36.82%

15 Preliminary Conclusions

16 SWPBS: Basics

17 SWPBS is

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19 RtI Reducing Bullying

20 All Some Few Continuum of Support for ALL Dec 7, 2007

21 ~80% of Students ~5% ESTABLISHING CONTINUUM of SWPBS SECONDARY PREVENTION Check in/out Targeted social skills instruction Peer-based supports Social skills club TERTIARY PREVENTION Function-based support Wraparound Person-centered planning PRIMARY PREVENTION Teach SW expectations Proactive SW discipline Positive reinforcement Effective instruction Parent engagement SECONDARY PREVENTION TERTIARY PREVENTION PRIMARY PREVENTION ~15%

22 All Some Few RTI Continuum of Support for ALL Dec 7, 2007

23 Continuum of Support for “Manuella” Dec 7, 2007 Harassment Computer Lab Social Studies Physical Intimidation Adult Relations. Attendance Literacy Label behavior…not people

24 SYSTEMS “BULLY BEHAVIOR” PRACTICES DATA Supporting Staff Behavior Supporting Student Behavior OUTCOMES Supporting Social Competence & Academic Achievement Supporting Decision Making Integrated Elements

25 SWPBS look at bullying behavior

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27 Our Starting Point

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29 Victim attention Bystander attention Self-delivered praise Tangible access

30 PREVENTION De-emphasis on adding consequence for problem behavior

31 Context or Setting Context or Setting Initiator Target Bystander Staff Continuum of Behavior Fluency

32 Is Behavior an Issue?

33 Reconceptualizing Bullying from Behavior Analytic Perspective for SWPBS

34 SWIS Definition of Bullying Behavior

35 Three basic strategies….if you do nuthin’ else….

36 Label student Exclude student Blame family Punish student Assign restitution Ask for apology Teach targeted social skills Reward social skills Teach all Individualize for non-responsive behavior Invest in positive school-wide culture Doesn’t WorkWorks

37 MUST….. Be easy & do-able by all Be contextually relevant Result in early disengagement Increase predictability Be pre-emptive Be teachable Be brief

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39 Scott Ross, University of Oregon 39 BaselineAcquisitionFull BP-PBS Implementation Number of Incidents of Bullying Behavior School Days School 1 Rob Bruce Cindy Scott Anne Ken School 2 School %

40 Scott Ross, University of Oregon BP-PBS, Scott Ross40 21% increase 22% decrease

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42 Allday & Pakurar (2007)

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44 Name______________________________Date_____________ Setting □ Hallway □ Entrance □ Cafeteria □ Playground □ Other_______________ Time Start_________ Time End _________ Tally each Positive Student ContactsTotal # Ratio of Positives to Negatives: _____: 1 Tally each Negative Student ContactsTotal # Non-Classroom Management: Self-Assessment

45 1.Did I have at least 4 positive for 1 negative student contacts? Yes No 2. Did I move throughout the area I was supervising? Yes No 3. Did I frequently scan the area I was supervising? Yes No 4. Did I positively interact with most of the students in the area? Yes No 5. Did I handle most minor rule violations quickly and quietly? Yes No 6. Did I follow school procedures for handling major rule violations? Yes No 7. Do I know our school-wide expectations (positively stated rules)? Yes No 8. Did I positively acknowledge at least 5 different students for displaying our school-wide expectations? Yes No Overall active supervision score: 7-8 “yes” = “Super Supervision” 5-6 “yes” = “So-So Supervision” <5 “yes” = “Improvement Needed” # Yes______

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48 Big idea: Use PBIS framework to address bully behavior prevention


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