III. Manchester (Cottonopolis) A. Cotton textile Industry B. Unified cotton factory system C. Gender issues D. Ancillary industries 1. Machine builder and iron James Heargreaves ‘Spinning Jenny’
Arkwright’s Water Frame Crompton’s Spinning Mule
IV. Sheffield A. Steel B. Geography C. Not a factory system D. Steam power E. Ancillary products
The Steel Manufacturers of Sheffield : The Hull or Workshop of the Razor- Grinder Razor grinders at work in a steel mill in Sheffield, England, 1866. Flues situated in front of the grinding stones serve to carry away any harmful dust and metal particles produced during the grinding process.
IV. Critics A. Charles Dickens B. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels C. Luddites