Presentation on theme: "Knowledge Transfer in Sustainable Housing Design Process University of Sheffield 5th UK CARE Annual General Meeting Bing Chen PhD Candidate School of."— Presentation transcript:
Knowledge Transfer in Sustainable Housing Design Process University of Sheffield 5th UK CARE Annual General Meeting Bing Chen PhD Candidate School of Architecture Supervised by Dr. A. C. Pitts Email:Bing.Chen@sheffield.ac.uk
Content Introduction Research & Design in Architecture Domain Main Scene/Scenario & Deductive Procedure for Framework Hypothesis & Early Work Design Model Constructing a Communicational Platform to Bridge the Gap Current Work & Conclusion
Introduction This early work aims to define the boundary and set the main scenes for the whole research work, working as part of the first year report for the candidate’s upgrade from MPhil to PhD. And by making the deductive procedure itself explicit, the research framework is expected to be openly inspected and critically evaluated at this initial stage, which could make the later work be replicated and criticised above suspicion.
Research & Design in Architectural Domain Higher Education in Architectural Domain DESIGNRESEARCH Two works are supposed to work together, supplying each other as two sides of a coin Uncomfortable Remoteness Problem Solution Problem Description
Bridge the gap between ResearchDesign Sustainability: triple bottom lines Main Scene / Scenario: Sustainable Housing Design Process Architecture: tech-dependent? Housing: lifestyle … Design Process Knowledge Transfer between various stakeholders ? ?
Environment EconomySociety Sustainability: Human Well Being Architecture for Sustainability Architecture: Technical Response … Source: www.arup.org
Architects have much more freedom for their creative behaviours, which may lead to subconscious overconfidence for their professional knowledge and difficult communication with other participants in design process. Users have much more satisfactory living conditions, but as general public their opinions about lifestyle change and sustainability have little influence on the design process. … following increases in the use of sophisticated technology in current architectural practices …
Ecological footprint for UK lifestyle in ha/person Based on a 4-persons household Source: The BedZED Exhibition Housing - BedZED: Lifestyle Change / Technical Add-ons
ZED’s Life Source: www.zedfactory.com Since current technologies are unlikely to be able to satisfy energy dependent and wasteful existing lifestyles alone, an essential change has to be made inevitably. Although buildings can be designed to encourage lifestyle change, it is left to occupants to decide how far they want to go.
Knowledge Transfer in Participatory Design Process Bottom-up Decision-making Strategy Top-down Decision-making Strategy Occupants Designers Design Knowledge Clients Legislators Knowledge about Design Problems: Needs & Requirements Knowledge about Design Solutions: Risks & Possibilities Knowledge about Constraints: Restrictions & Encouragements Gap between Knowledge Transformation Design is a transformation between areas of knowledge bearing on a particular project, aiming for consensus of problem solving. Lawson B. R.
Hypothesis This communicational gap in knowledge transfer might lead to an unsatisfied outcome during the operational phase of house occupation, UNLESS The preferences of architects and occupants were identical; or One of them would like to adjust his understanding according to the other’s voluntarily. However …
Early Work: The Potential to Enact ZED in China About one year ago, a small-scale survey had been carried out in the housing market of China. It was originally designed to figure out the feasibility to enact Zero Energy & Emission Development in China. Yet the results show …
Preference of main features for sustainable housing by Housing Designers & Potential Purchasers Designers - Professionals Users – General Public
Design Model Source: Lawson, B. R., 1997. ‘How Designers Think’ Evolvement of the Design Model: from understanding the design process to working for the decision-making process Designer User Developer Housing Sustainability Environment Social Economy Designer User Developer Housing Sustainability Environment Social Economy Designer User Developer Sustainable Housing Environment Social Economy
Model Source: Upadhyaya, D. Constructing a Communicational Platform to Bridge the Gap Designer User Developer Housing Development European Eco-Label A widely shared understanding rather than information. EcoHomes & Assessment Systems An ideal communicational platform being built on all participant’s own languages.
Some Current Work Sheffield’s Housing Market Renewal scheme. As a communicational platform, this program aims to encourage various stakeholders to participate in the housing development process, leading them to work together for delivering more sustainable housing. To ensure choice and quality are synonymous within the housing market, this project also requires all the stakeholders to work with local residents throughout the process.
Conclusion Open Discussion & … … Future Work … … ?
References Blutstein, H. and Rodger, A.: Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat: Cities in the Third Millennium. 6th WCCTBUH, pp 131-142, London, 2001 Pitts, A,: Planning and Design Strategies for Sustainability: Pragmatic sustainable design on building and urban scales. Oxford: Architectural Press, 2004 Melet, Ed,: Sustainable Architecture: towards a diverse built environment. Rotterdam: NAI Publishers, 1999. Roaf, S., Horsley, A. and Gupta, R.: Closing the Loop: Benchmarks for sustainable buildings. London: RIBA Enterprises Ltd., 2004 Taylor, B: Presentation in the conference: Design for 2050: East meets West. Nottingham University. 2005 Luzkendorf, T. and Lorenz, D.: Sustainable property investment: valuing sustainable buildings through property performance assessment. Building Res. & Inf., 33, pp 212-234, 2005 Chen, Bing, 2004. The Potential to Enact Zero Emissions Development in China. School of Architecture: M. Arch Studies Dissertation, University of Sheffield, 2004. Layard, A., Davoudi, S. and Batty, S., ed.: Planning for a Sustainable Future. London: Spon Press, 2001. Mendler, S. & Odell, W.: The HOK Guidebook to Sustainable Design. John Wiley & Sons, INC, 2000. Lawson, B. R.: How Designers Think. Oxford: Architectural Press, 1997. Pitts, A. and Chen, B.: The Potential for Zero Emissions/Energy Development in China. Proceeding: 22nd PLEA2005, Santorini, Greece, 2005. Thank you! Bing.Chen@Sheffield.ac.uk