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Hot topics in soundscapes Edinburgh, 29-30th October Thursday 29th 9:00 Welcome and introduction of the COST action Prof. Jian Kang, University of Sheffield,

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Presentation on theme: "Hot topics in soundscapes Edinburgh, 29-30th October Thursday 29th 9:00 Welcome and introduction of the COST action Prof. Jian Kang, University of Sheffield,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Hot topics in soundscapes Edinburgh, 29-30th October Thursday 29th 9:00 Welcome and introduction of the COST action Prof. Jian Kang, University of Sheffield, Action Chair 9:30 Introduction of working groups of the COST action organising this workshop Prof. Dick Botteldooren, Ghent University, Chair of WG1 Prof. Truls Gjestlund, SINTEF, Norway, Chair of WG2 Prof. Peter Lercher, Innsbruck Medical University, Chair of WG3 10:00 Soundscape framework and definitions; ISO working group progress Prof. Brigitte Schulte-Fortkamp, Technical University of Berlin, Action vice-Chair Östen Axelsson, Stockholm University, Convenor ISO/TC 43/WG54 10:45 Coffee and Tea 11:15 Plenary discussion on ISO working group progress (working document provided on site) 12:00 Lunch 13:15 Taxonomy for discussing and cataloguing sources in soundscapes Prof. Lex Brown, Griffith University 13:45 Understanding the soundscape concept: The role of sound recognition and source identification Dr. David Chesmore, University of York 14:15 Break 14:30-16:30 Break out in 3 parallel discussion panels Each panel is to address the following themes to be prepared and introduced by the moderators: - What are we talking about when we are talking about soundscapes? And what aren’t we talking about. - Soundscapes from different perspective: for the user, for the city planner, for the scientist - How can we bring soundscapes into practice? Valorisation of concepts. 16:30 report from discussion panels Friday 30th 9:00 -11:30 Break out in 3 paralell discussion panels Each panel is to address the following themes to be prepared and introduced by the moderators: - How to measure, categorize, discribe soundscapes - The relationship between physics and soundscapes, how to study it - What tools are needed for designing soundscapes, auralisation? 11:30 report from discussion panels 12:00 closure and upcoming COST events followed by lunch Prof. Jian Kang

2 Introduction to COST Network on Soundscape of European Cities and Landscapes Jian Kang School of Architecture, University of Sheffield United Kingdom

3 INTRODUCTION TO SOUNDSCAPE RESEARCH

4 High number of complaints Potential effects of noise The EU Directive Under END many so-called “quiet area” mapping is being carried out, but it is not clear where to go with it, or how to use it, or how to incorporate it in design. While reducing noise level has been the focus in the END, this is not always feasible and cost-effective, and more importantly, will not necessarily lead to improved quality of life and people’s satisfaction, in urban open spaces and in private gardens, for example. While enormous resources are being used on environmental noise reduction, there is an urgent need to provide both research and practice directions. Environmental noise is a major concern and actions are being taken However

5 Soundscape research is about relationships between the ear, human beings, sound environments and society. Not only consider noise, but also positive sounds. It covers physical science, engineering, social science, humanity, medicine, and art. It has been mainly developed within the academic disciplines of anthropology, architecture, ecology, design, human geography, linguistics, medicine, noise control engineering, psychology, sociology, and more recently computer simulation and artificial intelligence. As a global concept, it may also be fruitful to integrate insights from knowledge or values produced by every culture, therefore involving literature and musicology, and more generally, art, aesthetics, laws and religious studies as well. Definition of soundscape?? Soundscape research

6 It is powerful than the classic level-based approach which is only suitable for providing primary needs such as sleep and hearing protection. It becomes even more prominent when a society reaches the highest needs: respect for others and creativity and spontaneity. Soundscape focuses more on the local individual needs and has esteem for the noise sensitive and other vulnerable groups. It also has ear for cultural aspects and the beauty of natural soundscapes. Soundscape research represents a timely paradigm shift in that it considers environmental sounds as a 'resource' rather than a 'waste'.

7 Current state of knowledge Significant attention to soundscape in the last decade - a number of special sessions from a range of viewpoints including –acoustical, social, psychological, physiological, linguistic, historical and architectural aspects. The importance of soundscape research has been recognised by governmental organisations and national funding bodies in Europe –Noisefutures network in the UK and 3+ associated projects, –‘Soundscape support to health’ project in Sweden, –Soundscape projects funded by the French Ministry of Town Planning, Housing and Construction. There have also been increasing interests in practice –Greater London Authority. –City of Berlin. –Archaeological places in Italy.

8 Methods and indicators from different scientific domains - a lack of standardisation and explicitation in the categorisation and measurement procedures. Relationships between quiet areas and “good” or “restorative” sound environments. Understanding in different settings and cultures. Relationships between subjectively assessed “acoustic quality of the environment” and perceived health-related quality of life and functional health. However, the current works are still describing and identifying problems. Many issues need to be addressed, e.g.

9 Significant activity in soundscape research at the national level. In many European research framework projects, there are some components dealing with aspects that could be classified as soundscape research. It will harmonise current research methodologies so that studies across the world can be compared and contrasted. It will bring together all researchers across Europe and thus avoid duplication of work and improve the efficiency of scarce funding opportunities. Large inter- and trans-disciplinary efforts in large scale studies are essential but it is unlikely that they will be financed by single national/international funding agencies. It encourages multi-sectoral collaboration, allowing practitioners and policy makers to benefit too, which is a crucial facet for soundscapes. Current research activities are not coordinated (before this COST…) COST is the best mechanism to fund the proposed network: Why COST?

10 OBJECTIVES AND BENEFITS

11 The main aim of the Action is to provide the underpinning science for soundscape research and make the field go significantly beyond the current state-of-the-art. The Action will promote soundscape into current legislations, policies and practice, aiming at improving/preserving our sonic environment Aims

12 (1) Understanding and exchanging - Foster interdisciplinary cross-breeding. - Exchange technical know-how on an international/interdisciplinary basis. - Examining cultural differences. (2) Collecting and documenting - Gather soundscape data to be reanalysed from inter-disciplinary perspectives. (3) Harmonising - Review and harmonise the current methodology, and develop a new indicators. - Develop a standard protocol. - Lay the foundations for future European/international standards. (4) Creating and designing - Provide practical guidance and tools for the design of soundscapes. - Provide guidelines for preserving architectural heritage sites. (5) Outreaching and training - Create awareness among general public, stakeholders and policy makers. - Provide training for early-stage researchers. Objectives

13 (1) Health: –Rrestorative soundscapes can benefit mental health. –Promote activities such as walking and running. –Provide supportive environments, preventing the degradation of functional health for elder people. –Adequate learning environment for children to foster language and cognitive development, motivation and social interaction. (2) Culture: – Our European cities and landscapes are now becoming more and more similar in terms of their sound environment. –Also as an important dimension of tourism. –There is a lack of acoustic heritage knowledge. (3) Economy: –Enhance property prices –Create an attractive setting for economic investment –Offset health costs through provision of restorative living spaces –Reduce costs caused by anti-social behaviours. –Soundscapes for tourism could bring enormous economic benefits Soundscape research will help to provide more cost-effective solutions….. Impact

14 WP1: Understanding WP2: Collecting and documenting WP3: Harmonising WP4: Creating and designing WP5: Outreaching and training DETAILED WORKING PROGRAMME

15 WG1: Understanding and Exchanging Linguistic analyses could be made of the semantics of the vocabularies and of discourses encountered in the diversity of studies concerned with soundscapes using verbal responses. This could also reflect the cultural variations in conceptualisations and subjective responses to noise and their relations to acoustic parameters. (WG1.1) Sound source recognition is a very detailed yet extremely important facet of understanding how soundscapes are perceived and how they affect the user. (WG1.2) Knowledge exchange. To optimally use the results obtained by cognitive science, brain imaging/neural imaging/neuro-informatics, and research on auditory perception, the knowledge embedded in these research communities needs to be made reachable to the community of soundscape researchers. (workshop) (WG1.3) The Action will lay the foundation of a virtual community of scientists interested in computer modelling and simulation related to soundscapes and its perception by opening an internet portal linked to an existing open source code software repository. (WG1.4) Various modelling techniques for physical soundscapes and sound environments will be reviewed and compared. Auralised soundscapes will be compared to real recording checking it for ecological validity. (WG1.5) Physical measure of soundscapes is another important dimension for understanding the human-environment relationship, and for validating the simulation/modelling. (WG1.6)

16 WG2: Collecting and Documenting A brain-storm/think-tank workshop is planned to explore such a pioneering soundscape documentation practice, regarding what data should be included, for example. (WG2.1) A follow-up workshop is planned to explore the techniques for the database establishment. (WG2.2) A number of Short-Term Scientific Mission (STSM) exchange visits are planned, for helping in particular early-stage researchers to reach the data. (WG2.3) Special conference sessions are planned, to further understand the data and the establishment of the database, and to explore the synergies and differences: –between cities and landscapes (WG2.4) –between field studies and experimental settings (WG2.5) –between verbal data collection and analysis and physical measures (WG2.6)

17 WG3: Harmonising A brain-storm/think-tank is planned to seek the synergies of different definition/understanding of soundscape from different disciplines/sectors, defining a “common language”. (WG3.1) Soundscape indicators will then be derived/examined/harmonised, based on multi-disciplinary analysis of various physical, psychological, social and physiological parameters, by coupling physical parameters with, for example, semantic analysis of verbal data collected from a diversity of techniques. (WG3.2) Within this context the appropriateness of health and Quality of Life outcome indicators will be assessed and summarised and a required set of moderator/mediator variables will be proposed, in a special workshop (WG3.3). A special conference session on the combination of different methods is planned for overcoming the weakness and biases of single methods and approaches. (WG3.4) Reanalyse some data collected in WG2, using the indicators harmonised in WG3.1 to 3.3. A standard protocol will be developed, which can be used to better assess cross-cultural and cross-contextual differences. (WG3.5) A think-tank is planned towards the future likely standardization of soundscape measurement and evaluation. (WG3.6)

18 WG4: Creating and Designing This WG will start from the examination of the effectiveness of design changes, in terms of planning, landscape, architectural elements, and sound components, on the creation and improvement of soundscape, considering not only the acoustic changes but also people’s perception. (WG4.1 and WG4.2) An important application of soundscape research is the preservation of the soundscapes of architectural/landscape heritages. (WG4.3) While soundscape research has mainly been for outdoor spaces, the methods may also be applicable for enclosed spaces having a function similar to urban spaces. (WG4.4) The development of design guidelines and good practice guide would be vital for the implementation of soundscape research. (WG4.5) This Action will heavily interact with ISO/TC 43/SC 1/WG 54 "Perceptual assessment of soundscape quality“. (WG4.6)

19 WG5: Outreaching and Training To disseminate the results among stakeholders including policy makers, urban planners, architects, transportation engineers, consultants, and city communities, an awareness day on ‘Soundscape: new tendencies in urban design’, will be organised. (WG5.1) Another awareness day, on ‘Listen your city’, will mainly address the community. It will have a travelling exhibition organised in at least 3 cities (North, Central and South Europe). (WG5.2) A web site will be developed. (WG5.3) Training for early-stage researchers is seen as a significant goal of this Action. Two special activities are planned, where early-stage researchers will take a lead: –Interdisciplinary training school. –A think-tank among early-stage researchers, on the future soundscape, at the end of this Action. A soundscape Roadmap will be developed. (WG5.5) A number of STSM exchange visits. (WG5.6)

20

21

22 ORGANASATION

23

24 Participants and open door policy Initially with 25 participants (MC members) from 16 COST countries and 7 partners outside Europe including USA, Canada, Australia, Japan, Korea, Hong Kong, and China. Now about 35 participants (MC members) (18 COST countries). Each COST country up to 2 MC members. Others can join WP, or just workshops etc, as invited experts or just attendees.

25

26 Timetable

27 DISSEMINATION

28 Who? The COST network participants. Other researchers working in the field (outside the COST Action). Other research networks/frameworks, nationally and internationally. Professional bodies across disciplines and sectors. Standardisation bodies. Industry, widely defined, including urban planner, architects, environmental officers, manufacturers and service providers. Policy makers, at EU, national government, and regional levels. Tourist boards. Conservation organisations such as English Heritage. General public.

29 What? General information on the Action website. Events, including workshops, special sessions, training schools, awareness days, etc. Workshop proceedings and/or working reports, further into books, or special issues. Special session proceedings, perhaps further developed into books or special issues. An integrated database of experimental and field data. Booklet with new indicators of soundscape quality. A coherent suite of measurement standards. Good practice guidance for designing soundscape. Tools to support design and decision making, free of charge. Recommendations for European/international standards. Articles in peer-reviewed scientific and technical journals, and special issues. Non-technical publications (e.g. broachers, flyers, CD with sounds). Targeted pamphlets and short briefing notes for EU policy advisors. Working documents for the Action, for the key researchers, password protected. An network. Media materials.

30 Hot topics in soundscapes Edinburgh, 29-30th October Thursday 29th 9:00 Welcome and introduction of the COST action Prof. Jian Kang, University of Sheffield, Action Chair 9:30 Introduction of working groups of the COST action organising this workshop Prof. Dick Botteldooren, Ghent University, Chair of WG1 Prof. Truls Gjestlund, SINTEF, Norway, Chair of WG2 Prof. Peter Lercher, Innsbruck Medical University, Chair of WG3 10:00 Soundscape framework and definitions; ISO working group progress Prof. Brigitte Schulte-Fortkamp, Technical University of Berlin, Action vice-Chair Östen Axelsson, Stockholm University, Convenor ISO/TC 43/WG54 10:45 Coffee and Tea 11:15 Plenary discussion on ISO working group progress (working document provided on site) 12:00 Lunch 13:15 Taxonomy for discussing and cataloguing sources in soundscapes Prof. Lex Brown, Griffith University 13:45 Understanding the soundscape concept: The role of sound recognition and source identification Dr. David Chesmore, University of York 14:15 Break 14:30-16:30 Break out in 3 parallel discussion panels Each panel is to address the following themes to be prepared and introduced by the moderators: - What are we talking about when we are talking about soundscapes? And what aren’t we talking about. - Soundscapes from different perspective: for the user, for the city planner, for the scientist - How can we bring soundscapes into practice? Valorisation of concepts. 16:30 report from discussion panels Friday 30th 9:00 -11:30 Break out in 3 paralell discussion panels Each panel is to address the following themes to be prepared and introduced by the moderators: - How to measure, categorize, discribe soundscapes - The relationship between physics and soundscapes, how to study it - What tools are needed for designing soundscapes, auralisation? 11:30 report from discussion panels 12:00 closure and upcoming COST events followed by lunch Prof. Jian Kang

31 COMING ACTIVITIES

32 Workshop in Berlin, March 2010 (with DAGA). Workshop in Gent, April 2010 (with joint IOA/ABAV meeting). Training School, September 2010 (with EAA). Soundscape conference in Stockholm, September STSM

33 Further information COST web: –http://www.cost.esf.org/ Soundscape COST Web (TD0804): –http://www.soundscape-cost.org/http://www.soundscape-cost.org/ Jian Kang (COST TD 0804 Chair)


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