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The Consequences of Inequality for Child Wellbeing Kate Pickett, PhD FRSA FFPH.

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Presentation on theme: "The Consequences of Inequality for Child Wellbeing Kate Pickett, PhD FRSA FFPH."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Consequences of Inequality for Child Wellbeing Kate Pickett, PhD FRSA FFPH

2 Pickett and Wilkinson, BMJ, 2007 Child well-being is better in more equal countries

3 Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level Inequality... How much richer are the richest 20% in each country than the poorest 20%?

4 Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level Child Wellbeing is not related to National Income per capita

5 Pickett and Wilkinson, BMJ, 2007

6 Among the rich countries educational scores are not related to national differences in average income Source: Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level (2009)

7 …but educational scores are related to income differences within rich societies Source: Marmot Review of Health Inequalities (2010)

8 Educational Scores are Higher in More Equal Rich Countries Source: Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level (2009)

9 More Children Drop Out of High School in More Unequal US States Source: Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level (2009)

10 Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level Social mobility is lower in more unequal countries

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12 Why is child well-being and attainment related to greater equality?

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14 Among the rich countries educational scores are not related to the proportion of school spending that is public Source: Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level (2009)

15 Single parenthood is not related to child wellbeing in rich countries Source: Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level (2009)

16 Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level Mental illness is more common in more unequal societies

17 Source: Bowles S, Park Y. Economic Journal 2005; 115 (507): F397–F Working hours are longer in more unequal countries

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19 ACTH Cortisol Tasks with both social-evaluative threat and uncontrollability Other tasks Effect size Source: Dickerson SS & Kemeny ME. Psychological Bulletin 2004; 130(3): What kind of stress most reliably raises cortisol levels?

20 Stereotype Threat The effect of caste identity on children's performance Caste Unannounced Caste Announced Number of mazes solved Source: Hoff K, Pandey P, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3351, June 2004

21 Source: Marmot Review of Health Inequalities (2010) Inequality in child behavioural development

22 Key Stage 1 results for areas of Sheffield Source: A Tale of Two Cities The Sheffield Project

23 Source: A Tale of Two Cities The Sheffield Project

24 Source: A Tale of Two Cities The Sheffield Project

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