Presentation on theme: "Sheffield Hallam University Simulation of an All Optical Time Division Multiplexing Router Employing TOADs Razali Ngah and Z Ghassemlooy Optical Communications."— Presentation transcript:
Sheffield Hallam University Simulation of an All Optical Time Division Multiplexing Router Employing TOADs Razali Ngah and Z Ghassemlooy Optical Communications Research Group School of Engineering
Sheffield Hallam University Contents 1.Introduction 2.OTDM Communication System 3.OTDM Packet Format 4.All optical switching 5.OTDM Router Using TOADs 6.Simulation Results and Discussions 7. 7.Conclusions 8.Further works 2
Introduction Why Optical domain? Sheffield Hallam University 3 Cont.
Introduction Multiplexing Techniques - to extend a transmission capacity - OTDM vs. WDM OTDM can provide users with better throughput delay performance, faster single-channel access times for high-data- rate end users OTDM WDM Single wavelengthMultiple wavelength High bit rate (up to 640Gb/s)Lower bit rate (2.5 – 100Gb/s) Immature technologyReaching an advanced stage of development Chromatic dispersion & timing jitterFWM, SRS & XPM
OTDM Communication System - 10 Gbps is commercially available - There are two types: -Bit Interleaved TDM -Slotted (packet) TDM
OTDM Packet Format Multiplexing of Clock Pulse - Space Division Multiplexing - Wavelength Division Multiplexing - Orthogonal Polarization - Intensity Division Multiplexing - Time Division Multiplexing Clock (Frame Sync.) AddressPayload Format of OTDM packet Sheffield Hallam University Cont.
OTDM Packet Format - Space division multiplexing -The clock is carried on by a separate transmission fibre from the data packets -Problems: (i) time varying differential delay between the clock and data, and (ii) the cost of installing a separate clock fibre for each network node in new installation is not practical for wide area networks Sheffield Hallam University Cont.
OTDM Packet Format - Wavelength division multiplexing -Different wavelengths are allocated to clock and payload -Problems: Only practical for predetermined path lengths between nodes in single hop networks. The relative delay between the clock and data will be random in asynchronous packet-switched since the optical path length through which a packet travels is non-deterministic Orthogonal Polarization -An orthogonally polarized clock pulse is used -Problem: Difficult to maintain the correct polarization throughout the system Sheffield Hallam University Cont.
OTDM Packet Format - Intensity Division Multiplexing -Higher intensity for the optical clock pulse is used to differentiate it from the data -Problem: The clock pulse amplitude and its position become difficult to maintain in long distance transmission - Time Division Multiplexing -Self-synchronization approach, the clock is located at the start of the packet Sheffield Hallam University Cont.
All Optical Switching a). Asymmetric Terahertz Optical Demultiplexer (TOAD) b). Mach-Zehnders interferometer (MZI) c). Ultrafast nonlinear interferometer (UNI) -Optical control pulse is used to change SOA’s gain and refractive index Sheffield Hallam University
Asymmetric Terahertz Optical Demultiplexer (TOAD) Sheffield Hallam University
All Optical Router Using TOADs Sheffield Hallam University 5 Cont.
All Optical Router Using TOADs Sheffield Hallam University
Simulation Results and Discussion - The model was simulated using Virtual Photonics (VPI) simulation package - Simulation parameters: Cont.
Simulation Results and Discussion - OTDM packet Cont.
Simulation Results and Discussion Extracted Clock Signal Transmitted Output of TOAD1 Cont.
Simulation Results and Discussion Transmitted output of TOAD2 (Payload) Reflected Output TOAD2 (Address bit) Cont.
Simulation Results and Discussion Payload at Port 2 of TOAD3
Conclusions Sheffield Hallam University - -A node model for an OTDM router (1X2) for asynchronous packet routing is presented -The switching devices employed for clock recovery and payload routing are carried out in optical domain using TOADs -Simulation results demonstrate that clock recovery, address recognition and payload routing has been achieved successfully 30
Further works - To simulate multiple input and output networks - Crosstalk and noise analysis for multiple input and output networks Sheffield Hallam University 31