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El Nino. El Nino – Typical surface ocean circulation.

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Presentation on theme: "El Nino. El Nino – Typical surface ocean circulation."— Presentation transcript:

1 El Nino

2 El Nino – Typical surface ocean circulation

3 El nino conditions Normal El nino – strong counter-current

4 El nino conditions Normal El nino – strong countercurrent

5 Prentice Hall Textbook animation linkTextbook animation link El Nino: Normal Conditions

6 Prentice Hall Textbook animation linkTextbook animation link El Nino: El Nino Development

7 Prentice Hall Textbook animation linkTextbook animation link El Nino: La Nina

8 Winter NH El Nino La Nina

9 Summer NH El Nino La Nina

10 El nino - precipitation

11

12 Typical winter Effects El Nino La Nina

13 El Nino – weak Aleutian High

14 La Nina – strong Aleutian High

15 El Nino: US Winter Temperatures Higher in mid continent Lower in south

16 El Nino: US Winter Precipitation Higher in south and coastal regions

17 Flooding in San Francisco During the winter of , wind-driven waves and abnormally high sea levels significantly contributed to hundreds of millions of dollars in flood and storm damage in the San Francisco Bay region. Recent analyses by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists of nearly 100 years of sea-level records collected near the Golden Gate Bridge found that these abnormally high sea levels were the direct result of that year's El Niño atmospheric phenomenon.

18 Flooding in San Francisco Less land sea winds with El nino conditions result in higher sea level.

19 Hurricanes El Niño contributes to more eastern Pacific hurricanes and fewer Atlantic hurricanes. –Average US damage = $5.9 billion La Niña contributes to fewer eastern Pacific hurricanes and more Atlantic hurricanes. –Average US damage = $2.0 billion US hurricane damage

20 US Tornados Tornado activity Depends on the location of the polar jet stream (and thus the location an movement of mid-latitude cyclones) El Nino: More to the south La Nina: more to the north

21 AK precip (in) El Nino: Nov- Dec

22 AK Temperature El Nino: Feb - Apr

23 Prediction of El Nino Satellites – provide data on tropical rainfall, wind, and ocean temperature patterns, as well as changes in conditions for hurricane formation. Ocean buoys –help to monitor sea-surface and upper ocean temperatures. Radiosondes –balloon-borne instrument platforms with radio transmitting capabilities, help to monitor global weather and climate patterns Super computers –gather all of the weather data around the world and put it into useful formats used by scientists. –Run models for future change


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