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 Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 1 Beyond Particle Sizing ArabLAB 2008 DUBAI Glen.

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Presentation on theme: " Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 1 Beyond Particle Sizing ArabLAB 2008 DUBAI Glen."— Presentation transcript:

1  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 1 Beyond Particle Sizing ArabLAB 2008 DUBAI Glen McLellan - Opus Plus Ltd drs.ing Jacco Schipperen- Ankersmid Intl. Robert Stevens – Ankersmid Intl. Oil-in-Water Monitoring, February 2008

2  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 2 1 Introduction This presentation discusses:  The importance & benefits of gathering good quality data on the characteristics of produced water at off-shore oil- rigs.  How informed decisions can be made about process optimisation & oil/water separation technology  The EyeTech particle sizing instrument  Verification trials and the applicability of the technology to the oil & gas industry

3  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 3 1 The characteristics of produced water  Produced water at an oil-rig is a complex mixture containing:  Dispersed & dissolved organic components  Inorganic components & dissolved formation minerals  Traces of production chemicals  Produced solids & dissolved gas  Factors such as shear history, salinity, anion/cation balance, oil type, pressure & temperature can all influence the characteristics of the produced water All of the above influence decisions about processing options

4  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 4 1 The characteristics of produced water Produced Water Characterisation  PWC aims to understand the characteristics of the fluids and the interaction of the process upon them  Only then can we tackle the core issues of process trouble shooting or production optimisation  PWC provides valuable data in the selection of appropriate treatment technology  Less waste (good for OPEC savings!!)

5  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 5 2 Produced Water Characterisation  What can we measure?  Oil droplet size distribution analysis  Oil in water concentration  Suspended solids size distribution  Suspended solids concentration  Other, including water in oil analysis

6  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 6 Typical process 2 Applying EyeTech technology in an oil/water separation process train

7  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 7 3 The Benefits - examples  Oil droplet shear in a process visualised by dropletsize Upstream Median droplet size µm

8  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 8 3 The Benefits - examples  Oil droplet shear visualised in a process by droplet size Downstream Median droplet size µm

9  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 9 3 The Benefits  Mapping of oil droplet size can identify sources of shear  Small oil droplet size distribution may be indicative of high shear conditions  Chemical dosing can be optimised and dosing reduced in relation to the impact it has on water quality - can lead directly to OPEX savings  Allows operators to make informed decisions about choice of treatment technologies  Can be used as a tool to optimise existing process trains by giving real-time feedback on the impact of changes in operational conditions, such as:  Separator interface level  Processing rates  Chemical dose rates, which can lead directly to OPEX savings

10  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 10 4 The EyeTech – Measurement Principle Single Instrument – Dual Measurement Channels Scanning Laser Obscuration and Dynamic Video

11  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 11 4 The EyeTech – Measurement Principle

12  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 12 4 The EyeTech – Measurement Principle (Laser) The rotating laser beam scans single particles within its focus. The diameter of the particle is directly correlated to the duration of the obscuration. The principle measurement is a time interval, not an intensity measurement. The time domain is independent of particles’ optical or physical properties A B C D E F T a T b T c T d T e T f Time V Scanning Laser Laser Obscuration Time (LOT)

13  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 13 4 The EyeTech – Measurement Principle (Laser) Opaque ParticlesTranslucent ParticlesTransparent Particles Pulse Profile Particle Size Measurement is independent of particle’s transparency

14  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 14 4 The EyeTech – Measurement Principle (Laser) Using Pulse Shape to Discriminate in Oil /Sand Mixtures !!!!! Asymmetric pulses are normally rejected as corresponding to highly irregular shapes, chords, or out-of-focus particles. This capability allows discrimination oil droplets and sand particles. SELECTION OF ONLY OILDROPLETS !!!!

15  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 15 4 The EyeTech – Measurement Principle (Laser) Advantages Data is collected on single particles or oil-droplets Detection of minor fractions Direct measurement of correct oil-droplet – or particle size, not influenced by physical or optical properties No calibration required Robust measurement, no alignment required by user Concentration measurement

16  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 16 4 The EyeTech – Measurement Principle (Video)  Video Channel collects digital images used for:  Visualisation during laser measurement  Dynamic Shape Analysis  Grabbing Images and Recording Movie

17  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 17

18  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 18 4 The EyeTech – Measurement Principle (Video) Dynamic Shape Analysis For each individual particle, size and shape parameters are detemined. The EyeTech Image Analysis software automates set-up and measurement. EyeTech software includes many IA procedures such as:  Pre-processing procedures  Image Filters  Out-of-focus Rejection  Morphology Operations  Grouping according to size/shape  (Re-)processing of stored images and movies

19  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 19 4 The EyeTech – Measurement Principle (Video) Dynamic Shape Analysis A solution for characterisation of non-spherical materials: Multiple size & shape parameters to adapt to any application. No assumptions about particle’s sphericity. Random orientation of particles. No preferred orientation as in microscopy. Grouping & sselection of particles based upon size or shape. Visualisation for measurement validation/verification.

20  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 20 4 The EyeTech – Measurement Principle (Video) Feret Diameters Determination of distributions of: -Minimum Feret -Maximum Feret -Average Feret Average Feret diameter: F 1 + F 2 + F 3 + F 4 … F For a sphere size = diameter F1F1 F3F3 F2F2 F4F4 [ min Feret diam.] Aspect Ratio = [ max Feret diam.] [Area * 4  ] Shape Factor = (= Circularity) [Perimeter] 2

21  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 21 4 The EyeTech – Measurement Principle (Video) Comparing Shape Factor to Aspect Ratio Shape Factor Aspect Ratio1 <0,11 0,7850,707 0,6040,577 0,4360,250 0,1600,100

22  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 22 4 The EyeTech – Measurement Principle (Video) Additional Parameters: All ISO parameters Legendre Ellipse Ellipse Ratio Elongation Curl Modification Ratio Compactness Roughness Wadell’s Shericity Solidity Convexity Average Concavity Fractal Dimensions

23  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 23 4 The EyeTech – Measurement Principle (Video) Summary Two dimensional analysis of video images enables the determination of different shape parameters. Feret Diameters, Shape Factor and Aspect Ratio for shape characterisation. Isolation of classified particles using strategic Shape Filter options. Validation of particle size results: “SEEING IS BELIEVING” More accurate characterisation of non-spherical materials Re-processing of stored data

24  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 24 4 The EyeTech – The Analysis Package Features  Laser and video in one program  Easy setup and measurement using software wizards (one click operation)  Automated Report Generator  Results stored in SQL database  Hardware Diagnostics  Calibration and verification tools available  Multiple data display of graphs, tables etc  On-Line cycle compare  On-Line help

25  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 25 4 The EyeTech – The Analysis Package

26  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 26 4 The EyeTech – The Analysis Package

27  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 27 4 The EyeTech – The Analysis Package

28  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 28 4 The EyeTech – The Analysis Package

29  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 29 4 The EyeTech – The Analysis Package

30  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 30 4 The EyeTech – Advantages Advantages Easy setup and measurement Advanced preprocessing algoritmes Size and Shape grouping/selection of oildroplets Automated report generator Storage of real raw data (un processed images) Re-processing of raw data (movie files) Concentration measurement including calibration Integrated laser and video software Simultaneous laser and video results

31  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 31 5 System Trials - Objectives Objectives To verify this technology against a range of typical process conditions experienced offshore Parameters varied included oil concentration & droplet size, solids concentration and particle size and varying combinations of both. To compare the technology to existing industry standard particle size analysers

32  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 32 4 The EyeTech – The Analysis Package

33  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 33 4 The EyeTech – The Analysis Package

34  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 34 5 System Trials - Conclusions  Very close size correlation with the reference analysers with equal or better reproducibility  The raw data suggest successful discrimination of oil droplets and solids particles with the laser channel  Applicability of the technology to produced water characterisation confirmed  Trials highlighted the flexibility of both the dual channel capabilities and the data presentation software  The ability to identify specific particles and their characteristic parameters will enable the technology to be simply applied to additional areas of characterisation such as the identification of Calcium Naphanate particles in fluid streams

35  Click to edit Master text styles  Second level OIL IS YOUR WEALTH THE ENVIRONMENT IS YOUR FUTURE Slide 35 6 Summary  Produced water characterisation techniques provide a specialist tool in optimising existing oil-rigs and in selecting new technology for retrofit applications  Based on the trials carried out, the performance of the EyeTech instrument matches or exceeds that of industry standard particle size analysers  The measurement, data manipulation and highly user friendly software makes the instrument very attractive with regards to use in the offshore environment.  We have determined that the EyeTech technology is applicable to use for fluids characterisation in the oil & gas industry


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