Presentation on theme: " Type A Binary Ionic – Contains a single- valence metal (cation) and a non-metal (anion) Type B Binary Ionic – Contains a MULTIvalent metal (cation)"— Presentation transcript:
Type A Binary Ionic – Contains a single- valence metal (cation) and a non-metal (anion) Type B Binary Ionic – Contains a MULTIvalent metal (cation) and a non- metal (anion) Binary Covalent (Molecular) Contains two non-metals. (There are exceptions to this rule!)
Step 1 – Make sure the first element is a metal that is NOT multivalent Step 2 – Write the name of the cation (this is the metal) first. Step 3 – Write the name of the anion using the –ide ending.
Step 1 – Identify the metal and check the multivalence list. (If it isn’t there, name it as a Type A binary ionic compound.) Step 2 – Identify the ANION and determine the charge. Step 3 – use algebra to determine the charge on the cation. Step 4 – Name the cation followed by a roman numeral that MATCHES its charge. Step 5 – Name the anion using the –ide ending.
Identify the first element. If there are two or more atoms use the prefix to match the number of atoms. Identify the second element and use a prefix to indicate the number of atoms present. Write the name of the compound using the –ide ending.
Step 1: Identify the cation and determine if you need to use Type A or Type B naming procedures to name it. Step 2: Write the name of the cation. Step 3: Write the name of the anion. Step 4: Rejoice, for you are finished!
Determine if it is a BINARY acid or a TERNARY acid. If it is BINARY acid, change the name of the element the hydrogen is with, change the ending to –ic, and put hydro- in front. Example: HCl › Chlorine becomes chloric and put hydro in front…. Hydrochloric Add the word ‘acid” HCl = “Hydrochloric acid”