Presentation on theme: "Making Chemical Compounds"— Presentation transcript:
1Making Chemical Compounds 7.1 Chemical Names and Formulas
2Review Ionic charges (groups of the periodic table) What makes up ionic compounds?What makes up molecular (or covalent) compounds?Cation?Anion?Molecule?Chemical formula?
3Making Ionic Compounds Ionic compounds are made up of a _______ and a _______.When making an ionic compound, the _______ is written first, then the ________.Write the ionic charge in the top right-hand corner of the symbol.Criss-cross the charges (move the number of the charge from the top right-hand corner to the opposite bottom corner).
4Examples Sodium and chlorine Sodium and oxygen Sodium and nitrogen Magnesium and sulfurMagnesium and phosphorusAluminum and bromineAluminum and oxygen
5PracticeComplete the front of the Chemical Formulas Practice worksheet individually.We will go over the answers together after 5 minutes.Complete the back of the Chemical Formulas Practice worksheet with a partner.We will go over the answers together after 10 minutes.
6Naming Ionic Compounds The name of the cation goes firstDrop the suffix (last syllable) of the anion, and add –ideFor example, chlorine = chloride, sulfur = sulfide
7Examples NaCl = Sodium chloride CaO = Calcium oxide Practice individually on page 223, #2
8Transition MetalsMetals in groups 3-12 have more than one ionic charge because of their mobile valence electrons (remember the sea of electrons?)When naming these compounds, we will use the Stock system.Put the number of the charge on the transition metal as a roman numeral in parentheses.For example: Cu2+ = Copper (II), Sn4+ = Tin (IV)Practice individually on page 225, #1 and 2
9Polyatomic Ions -Write the names and formulas for your notes. You must memorize the names and formulas of the following polyatomic ions (p.226):HydroxideNitratePerchloratePermanganateCarbonateAmmoniumChromateAcetatePeroxideChlorateSulfateCyanideSulfiteBicarbonatePhosphate
10Compounds with Polyatomic Ions Polyatomic ions act as one unit when forming compounds.They have one ionic charge (equal to the sum of all of the individual atoms’ ionic charges)They will act as either a cation (NH4+) or an oxyanion (ions with oxygen)
11Examples Sodium and hydroxide Sodium and sulfate Sodium and phosphate Ammonium and nitratePractice individually on page 227, #1
12Naming Compounds with Polyatomic Ions Polyatomic ions keep their name unaltered in compoundsThis is because the suffix of a polyatomic ion indicates the number of oxygens in the ion.Ex. Sulfate is (SO42-), but sulfite is (SO32-)In compounds with ammonium, single-atom anions (like chlorine, sulfur, etc.) will change to the –ide ending.Ex. Ammonium chloride is NH4Cl.Practice individually on page 227, #2
13Making Molecular Compounds Molecular compounds do NOT criss-cross their charges.Molecules are named using numerical prefixes (p.228).Ex. Carbon dioxide is CO2, because di- means two.Practice together on page 229, #1 and 2
14Naming AcidsBinary acids (H-anion) include the name of the anion with hydro–ic acid.Ex. Hydrochloric acid is HClWhat would Hydrosulfuric acid be?Oxyacids (H-oxyanion) include the name of the polyatomic ion with the suffix –ic acid.Ex. Sulfuric acid is H2SO4What would nitric acid be?
15You need to know:From the chart on page 230, you need to know the following:hydrofluoric acidhydrochloric acidhydrobromic acidphosphoric acidnitric acidsulfuric acidacetic acidcarbonic acid.
16Exit Ticket Turn in with your bellringer and worksheet. Homework: Complete 7.1 section review by the beginning of class tomorrow.