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Section 7-3 Section 7.3 Names and Formulas for Ionic Compounds Relate a formula unit of an ionic compound to its composition. nonmetal: an element that.

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Presentation on theme: "Section 7-3 Section 7.3 Names and Formulas for Ionic Compounds Relate a formula unit of an ionic compound to its composition. nonmetal: an element that."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Section 7-3 Section 7.3 Names and Formulas for Ionic Compounds Relate a formula unit of an ionic compound to its composition. nonmetal: an element that is generally a gas or a dull, brittle solid and is a poor conductor of heat and electricity Write formulas for ionic compounds and oxyanions. Apply naming conventions to ionic compounds and oxyanions.

3 Section 7-3 Section 7.3 Names and Formulas for Ionic Compounds (cont.) formula unit monatomic ion oxidation number polyatomic ion oxyanion In written names and formulas for ionic compounds, the cation appears first, followed by the anion.

4 Section 7-3 Formulas for Ionic Compounds (cont.) A formula unit represents the simplest ratio of the ions involved.formula unit Monatomic ions are one-atom ions.Monatomic ions Negative monatomic ions always end with –ide Example: oxygen becomes oxide as an anion Positive monatomic ions keep their name Example: sodium stays sodium as a cation

5 Section 7-3 Formulas for Ionic Compounds (cont.) Oxidation number, or oxidation state, is the charge of a monatomic ion.Oxidation number

6 Section 7-3 Formulas for Ionic Compounds (cont.) Polyatomic ions are ions made up of more than one atom.Polyatomic ions Never change subscripts of polyatomic ions, place in parentheses and write the appropriate subscript outside the parentheses.

7 Write the symbol for each ion including the charge, Cation first then Anion. Overall charge must equal zero. –If charges cancel, just write symbols. –If not, use subscripts to balance charges. –Subscripts represent the number of ions of each element in an ionic compound. Use parentheses to show more than one polyatomic ion. Formulas for Ionic Compounds

8 Ionic Compound Formation Example: Aluminum sulfide 1. Write the formulas for the cation and anion, including CHARGES! Al 3+ S Check to see if charges are balanced. 3. Balance charges, if necessary, using subscripts. Use parentheses if you need more than one of a polyatomic ion. Not balanced! 23

9 Example: Zinc hydroxide 1. Write the formulas for the cation and anion, including CHARGES! Zn 2+ OH - 2. Check to see if charges are balanced. 3. Balance charges, if necessary, using subscripts. Use parentheses if you need more than one of a polyatomic ion. Not balanced! ( ) 2

10 Example: Magnesium carbonate 1. Write the formulas for the cation and anion, including CHARGES! Mg 2+ CO Check to see if charges are balanced. They are balanced!

11 Example: Iron(III) chloride 1. Write the formulas for the cation and anion, including CHARGES! Fe 3+ Cl - 2. Check to see if charges are balanced. 3. Balance charges, if necessary, using subscripts. Use parentheses if you need more than one of a polyatomic ion. Not balanced! 3

12 potassium chloride magnesium nitrate copper(II) chloride –K + + Cl  –Mg 2+ + NO 3  –Cu 2+ + Cl   KCl  Mg(NO 3 ) 2  CuCl 2 Ionic Compound Formation

13 Ionic Compound Nomenclature (naming) Write the name of the Cation followed by the name of the Anion Cations keep their original name Change ending of monatomic anions to -ide. Polyatomic ions have special names. (learn them) Metals with multiple Charges (oxidation numbers) have Roman Numerals that indicate the positive charge on the ion

14 Section 7-3 Names for Ions and Ionic Compounds An oxyanion is a polyatomic ion composed of an element (usually a non- metal), bonded to one or more oxygen atoms.oxyanion

15 Section 7-3 Names for Ions and Ionic Compounds (cont.)

16 Section 7-3 Names for Ions and Ionic Compounds (cont.)

17 NaBr K 2 CO 3 FeCl 3 –sodium bromide –potassium carbonate –iron(III) chloride Examples

18 A.A B.B C.C D.D Section 7-3 Section 7.3 Assessment Which subscripts would you most likely use for an ionic compound containing an alkali metal and a halogen? (Remember, 1 = no written subscript) A.1 and 2 B.2 and 1 C.2 and 3 D.1 and 1


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