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1 Structure and dynamics of  -cyclodextrin and glycine at quantum mechanical level Theoretical Inorganic Chemistry Group Hélio A. Duarte, Hélio F. Dos.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Structure and dynamics of  -cyclodextrin and glycine at quantum mechanical level Theoretical Inorganic Chemistry Group Hélio A. Duarte, Hélio F. Dos."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Structure and dynamics of  -cyclodextrin and glycine at quantum mechanical level Theoretical Inorganic Chemistry Group Hélio A. Duarte, Hélio F. Dos Santos, Thomas Heine, Serguei Patchkovskii duarteh@ufmg.br Department of Chemistry - ICEx, Federal University of Minas Gerais - UFMG ACS 232 nd National Meeting San Francisco, CA - USA

2 2 Outline Motivation Spironolactone and its Complexes with  -cyclodextrin  -cyclodextrine in aqueous solution – molecular dynamics using DFTB/MM approach. Glycine in aqueous solution – molecular dynamics using full DFTB.

3 3  -cyclodextrine Consists of 7 D-glucose linked by a (1-4) interglucose bonds.

4 4  -Cyclodextrine Inclusion compounds Drug Delivery Systems Improved molecular switches Artificial enzymes Rotaxamers Nanoreactors Self-assembling systems

5 5 Spironolactone and its Complexes with  -cyclodextrin Lula, Gomes, Piló-Veloso, De Noronha, Duarte, Santos, Sinisterra, J. Inclusion Phenon. Macroc. Chem., (2006).

6 6 Spironolactone :  -cyclodextrin Complexes 1:1 and 1:2 are formed and well characterized by ROESY-NMR. The rings A and DE are involved in the inclusion process. *Zhechkov, L.; Heine, T.; Patchkovskii, S.; Seifert, G.; Duarte, H. A. JCTC 2005, 1, 841. * Elstner, et al., Phys. Rev. B, 1998, 58, 7260. *Porezag, D.; Frauenheim, T.; Kohler, T.; Seifert, G.; Kaschner, R. Physical Review B 1995, 51, 12947 Simulation at gas phase: DC-SCC-DFTB

7 7 DC-SCC-DFTB calculations of 1:1 complexes at gas phase A-Head

8 8 DC-SCC-DFTB calculations of 1:2 complexes at gas phase Head-Head arrangement.

9 9 Inclusion process: guest:host 1.penetration of the hydrophobic part of the guest molecule into the cylodextrin cavity 2.dehydration of the organic guest. 3.hydrogen bonding interactions 4.release of the water molecules to bulk water 5.conformational changes or strain release of the CyD upon complexation 6.how many water molecules are inside of the cavity before and after complexation. according to Rekharsky and Inoue, Chem. Rev., 98, 1875.

10 10 First step:  -Cyclodextrine in solution

11 11  -cyclodextrine

12 12 -Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics -QM/MM calculations -QM : DC-SCC-DFTB * method -MM: employs Rappé’s universal force field (UFF). -Cubic box with a lattice vector length of 34.92 Å. -1385 water molecules and -CyD. -Microcanonical NVE ensemble. -MD run: 160 ps with a time step of 0.5 fs. -Program: deMon program (NRC-2004, Canada) Methodology *Zhechkov, L.; et al. JCTC 2005, 1, 841. * Elstner, et al., Phys. Rev. B, 1998, 58, 7260. * Porezag, D. et al. Physical Review B 1995, 51, 12947

13 13 Setup of the simulation: The periodic simulation box is given. - CyD, given in bold, is treated quantum mechanically. The surrounding waters (wireframe model) and all solute-solvent interactions are approximated with the universal force field (UFF) employing TIP3P partial charges on water.

14 14 Dihedral angles: C2C3C4C5 O4O4’O4’’O4’’’ Angles: C1O4’C4’ O4O4’O4’’

15 15 angles DC-SCC- DFTB DFTDC-SCC- DFTB-MD Exp. C2C3C4C5 53  154  236  1155  3 O4O4’O4’’O4’’’ -0.2  14050522  140.2  9 C1O4’C4’ 123  17116.9  0.9114  3118  1 O4O4’O4’’ 128  3129  3126  9128  2 Structural parameters of the  -Cyclodextrine.

16 16 The root mean square deviations (RMSD) of the coordinates between two snapshots of a MD trajectory provides information about the flexibility of the  -CyD. The water surrounding the  -CyD acts as a cushion, decreasing its free motion. Figure 2. RMSQ for -CyD in gas phase (dashed) and in solution (full).

17 17 Figure 3. Configuration space taken by - CyD in aqueous solution.

18 18 In the radial distribution function (RDF), the range of r below 4.2 A corresponds to the encapsulated water molecules and integrates to 7.9. This is in agreement with X-ray and neutron diffraction studies, which arrived at 7 water molecules. Figure 4. RDF with respect to the distance between the centres of mass of -CyD and water molecules.

19 19 Motion of the water molecules in the cavity of  -cyclodextrine. Solvent water molecules were removed for better viewing.

20 20 Figure 5. Configurational space taken by the water molecules encapsulated in -CyD. For sake of clarity, only the initial structure of -CyD is shown.

21 21 91% of the HBs formed with the glycosidic (O4) and 64.8 % of the pyranoid (O5) oxygens are due to the encapsulated water molecules. For the primary (O6) and secondary (O2,O3) hydroxyls, 96% of HBs are due to outer solvent. Biding siteAverage NumberR(O…O)(Å) totalin cavity O2 and O3 1.51  0.960.06  0.213.18  0.13 O4 0.77  0.750.70  0.723.32  0.20 O5 0.91  0.840.59  0.733.25  0.21 O6 1.36  0.950.06  0.233.16  0.13 Table I. Average number and oxygen-oxygen distance of hydrogen bonds between water and -CyD.

22 22 90% 65%

23 23 Dwell time of water molecules in the cavity A=33.2A 2 A=28.3A 2 No preferential side for the water molecules to enter the cavity. Roughly 50% of the water molecules come inside and get out through the top side.

24 24

25 25 Fig. 6. Dwell time distribution of the water molecules. There is strong peak at 70 fs dwell time of the encapsulated water molecules. Much longer dwell times are possible, up to several ps.

26 26 Angiotensine(1-7):Cyclodextrine The chemical structure of angiotensin (1-7), [AspArgValTyrIleHisPro] Preliminary Results NOESY-NMR TYR (H3/H5 and H2/H6) and  -CyD (H3 and H5)

27 27 -Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics -QM/MM calculations -QM : DC-DFTB * method -MM: employs Rappé’s universal force field (UFF). -Cubic box with a lattice vector length of 61.0 Å. -7381 water molecules and Ang(1-7):-CyD. -Microcanonical NVE ensemble. -MD run: with a time step of 0.5 fs. -Program: deMon program (NRC-2004, Canada) Methodology *Zhechkov, L.; et al. JCTC 2005, 1, 841. * Elstner, et al., Phys. Rev. B, 1998, 58, 7260. *Porezag, D. et al. Physical Review B 1995, 51, 12947

28 28 Angiotensine(1-7):Cyclodextrine

29 29 ANG:CYD → Preliminary Results angles  -CyDAng(1-7):  -CyD C2C3C4C5 36  1144  11 O4O4’O4’’O4’’’ 22  1427  12 C1O4’C4’ 114  3115  4 O4O4’O4’’ 126  9125  10 Structural parameters of the ang(1-7):  -CyD

30 30 Water are removed for better view.

31 31 Glycine in Aqueous Solution Neutral form Zwitterionic form Progress report

32 32 -Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics -QM : DC-DFTB * method -Cubic box with a lattice vector length of 16.0 Å. -129 water molecules and glycine. -Microcanonical NVE ensemble. -MD run: 100 ps with a time step of 0.5 fs. -Program: deMon program (NRC-2004, Canada) Methodology *Zhechkov, L.; et al. JCTC 2005, 1, 841. * Elstner, et al., Phys. Rev. B, 1998, 58, 7260. *Porezag, D. et al. Physical Review B 1995, 51, 12947

33 33

34 34 RDF with respect to the distance between the centres of mass of glycine and water. 22 water molecules in the first solvation shell.

35 35 AnglePBE/TZVPDFTBDFTB-MD Neutral form 5-4-2113.2114.3114.3+/-3.6 1-2-3123.0120.1119.9+/-2.8 3-2-4-5-4.0-13.278.9+/-65.9 3-2-4-1180.0179.2175.0+/-3.8 Zwitterionic form 5-4-2103.6113.7114.4 +/- 3.5 1-2-3132.4119.3119.2 +/- 2.9 3-2-4-50.062.555.5 +/- 55.0 3-2-4-1180.0178.8174.8 +/- 3.9 1 3 2 4 5 Geometrical Properties of glycine

36 36 Thermodynamical properties Neutral  Zwitterion DFTB-MD:  E NVE = -25.5 kcal/mol PBE/TZVP/UAHF-PCM:  G = -23.4 kcal/mol Exp*. :  H = -10.3 kcal/mol  G = -7.2 kcal/mol * Quoted from Wada et al., Bull. Chem.Soc. Jpn, 55, 3064 (1992).

37 37 Grupo de Pesquisa em Química Inorgânica Teórica - GPQIT Collaborators: Prof. Ruben Sinisterra (DQ-UFMG) Prof. Hélio F. Dos Santos (DQ-UFJF) Prof. Gotthard Seifert (TU-Dresden) Prof. Thomas Heine (TU-Dresden) Dr. Serguei Patchkovskii (NRC-Canada)

38 38 Team : Dr. Heitor Avelino de Abreu (CNPq) Antonio Noronha (PhD Student) Augusto Faria Oliveira (PhD Student) Luciana Guimarães (PhD Student) Guilherme Ferreira (IC) Conny Cerai (IC) Danniel Brandão (IC) Leonardo R. R. de Oliveira (IC) Grupo de Pesquisa em Química Inorgânica Teórica - GPQIT

39 39 UFMG Instituto do Milênio: Água - Uma Visão Mineral(PADCT/CNPq) CNPq CAPES FAPEMIG PRONEX Support

40 40


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