Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

ION EXCHANGE AND DIALYSIS THE REMOVAL OF IONS FROM SOLUTION USING RESINS.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "ION EXCHANGE AND DIALYSIS THE REMOVAL OF IONS FROM SOLUTION USING RESINS."— Presentation transcript:

1 ION EXCHANGE AND DIALYSIS THE REMOVAL OF IONS FROM SOLUTION USING RESINS

2 RESIN PARTICLE AND BEADS

3

4 Ion exchange of monovalent cations: (assume  = 1) For most solutions  A =  B

5 Ion exchange of mixed-valent cations: (assume  = 1)

6 CROSSLINKING TO MAKE ION EXCHANGE RESINS

7 Selectivity of Ion Exchange Resins In Order of Decreasing Preference Strong acid cation Strong base anion Barium Iodide Lead Nitrate Calcium Bisulfite Nickel Chloride Cadmium Cyanide Copper Bicarbonate Zinc Hydroxide Magnesium Fluoride Potassium Sulfate Ammonia Sodium Hydrogen

8 Chelating Cation Resin Selectivities for Metal Metal KM/Ca a Hg ,800 Cu ,300 Pb ,200 Ni Zn Cd Co Fe Mn Ca  Selectivity coefficient for the metal over calcium ions at a pH of 4

9 Cost of Commercially Available Resins  Resin Cost($/ft3) Strong acid cation Weak acid cation Strong base anion Weak base anion Chelating cation

10 SMALL SCALE ION EXCHANGE COLUMNS

11 SKID-LOADED SMALL SCALE ION EXCHANGE PLANT

12

13 LARGE-SCALE ION EXCHANGE COLUMNS

14 POSITIONING OF RESIN BEADS FOR A MIXED BED JUST AFTER BACKWASHING

15

16

17 Improved Nitrate Removal from Drinking Water by Ion Exchange: Testing a Hydraulic Device for Improved Regeneration

18

19

20

21 IXCalc TM A powerful computer program

22

23 High Performance Liquid Chromatography (DEAE and CM)

24 America's really big sacred cow is fluoridation of drinking water. Fact: Fluoride is so toxic that only one milligram constitutes a prescription dose. In spite of this, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) allows up to this amount in a single glass of drinking water. Fact: Virtually every country in Europe has stopped fluoridation. Research shows that fluoride confers little if any real benefit. Fact: Persons who have grown up with fluoridated water have, on the average, only 1/2 of one filling less per lifetime than people who did not drink fluoridated water ( Chemical and Engineering News, May 8, 1989).

25

26

27

28

29

30 Of the 50 largest cities in the United States, 43 have community water fluoridation. Fluoridation reaches 62% of the population on public water supplies—more than 144 million people. Water fluoridation costs, on average, 72 cents per person per year in U.S. communities (1999 dollars). Fluoride also benefits adults, decreasing the risk of cavities at the root surface as well as the enamel crown. Use of fluoridated water and fluoride dental products will help people maintain oral health and keep more permanent teeth.

31

32 ELECTRODIALYSIS

33

34


Download ppt "ION EXCHANGE AND DIALYSIS THE REMOVAL OF IONS FROM SOLUTION USING RESINS."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google