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1990 2020 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 20062010 20082012 2014 2016 2018 Tim Berners-Lee authors HTML in 1991, assisted by his colleagues at CERN,

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Presentation on theme: "1990 2020 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 20062010 20082012 2014 2016 2018 Tim Berners-Lee authors HTML in 1991, assisted by his colleagues at CERN,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Tim Berners-Lee authors HTML in 1991, assisted by his colleagues at CERN, an international scientific organization based in Geneva, Switzerland. The first version of XHTML, XHTML 1.0 became a W3C recommendation in HTML5 was published as a Working Draft by the The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) in Originally slated to be fully implemented by 2010, that date has been theorized to be as late as ?

2 Past, Present, & Future of HTML How HTML is different than XHTML  XHTML is a cleaner and stricter version of HTML  XHTML is HTML defined as an XML (eXtensible Markup Language) application o XML is designed to describe data, and HTML is designed to display data. How to write XHTML  XHTML tags must be lowercase  XHTML tags must be properly nested (aka properly ordered)  XHTML elements must always be closed

3 Past, Present, & Future of HTML How to write XHTML cont.  Empty elements like must also be closed like  Attribute values must be quoted like width=“100”  All XHTML documents must have a DOCTYPE declaration. o The html, head, title, and body elements must be present such as:

4 Past, Present, & Future of HTML HTML5 is the future of HTML  HTML5 is the next generation of HTML.  HTML5 is still a work in progress. However, not all browsers have HTML5 support.  Some elements in HTML 4 are obsolete or not used the way they were supposed to. These elements are re-written in HTML5.  HTML5 addresses today’s internet needs by including new elements for media content, better structure, drawing, & better form handling.

5 Past, Present, & Future of HTML New features of HTML5  Better support for local offline storage  New form controls like: calendar, date, time, , url, search, etc.  The canvas element for sketching  The video and audio elements for media playback o Allows video and audio to be tagged easier (like images)… such as and  New content specific elements such as article, footer, header, navigation, section, etc.

6 Past, Present, & Future of HTML Review HTML vs XHTML HTML vs HTML5 Uppercase or lowercase tags All elements don’t have to be closed Empty elements don’t require closing Does not require DOCTYPE declaring Attribute values do not require quotes Lowercase tags only All tags have to be closed Empty elements must be closed Requires DOCTYPE declaration Attribute values require quotes Understood by all browsers Not originally built to handle video Does not support local offline storage Not built for today’s internet needs Does not support creation of a canvas for drawing Not fully functional with all browsers Built for audio & video Supports local offline storage Supports content specific tags Supports creation of a canvas for drawing


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