Why deliver this module? Data collected by the teaching team and ex-graduates of the programme suggested that the level of general perceived self efficacy in mental health practitioners also plays a big part in whether family interventions will be used in routine clinical practice after training. The level of self-efficacy was significantly lower for working with families undertaking family work compared to working with individuals. Self-efficacy is a concept introduced by Albert Bandura in 1977 as a core aspect of ‘Social Cognitive Theory’. He defines self-efficacy as: “People’s beliefs about their capabilities to produce designated levels of performance that exercise influence over events that affect their lives”. Self-efficacy relates to the conviction a person holds regarding their ability to achieve goals, in this case supporting families in the management and treatment of their relative’s symptoms.
Course structure and delivery Study day 4 week block to work with families Study day working with families 4 week block to work with families Study day working with families 4 week block to work with families Study day working with families Follow up study day As per course handbook
Working with family 20 mins. Working with family 20 mins. Working with family 20 mins Coaching- 5 mins. Each family session = 70 mins/3x20 mins work sessions/2x5 mins coaching sessions
Coaching agreements with the family Families need to agree to presence of clinical supervisor in the family sessions. Students also need to agree structure of 70 minute family session to include breaks for the family whilst 5 minutes Coaching takes place. This can be arranged through preliminary meetings where students discuss the role of the clinical supervisor with families. Or to include clinical supervisor in the initial meeting for introductions. Clinical supervisors to remain silent through 3x20 minutes sessions with families. Clinical supervisor can also be PSI trained local practitioner -the students trained up and the local practitioner then work at developing a local family intervention service as per NICE guidelines.
Clinical supervision As well as coaching within the session students received one hour of clinical supervision for every family session. This session followed immediately after the family session. Clinical supervision documents were completed after each clinical supervision session and submitted the recording and commentary.
Using Live Supervision to Develop Family Intervention Services A recorded family session of one hours duration. To include the core items of Family Intervention Scale and one specific intervention item. 1000 word reflective commentary on the session. Supervision documents.
Using Live Supervision to Develop Family Intervention Services Keywords Family interventions Live supervision Naturalistic learning Psychosis. Anita Savage Grainge, Rick Allan and colleagues discuss a small pilot study that enabled practitioners to participate on a course offering families psychosocial support
Abstract Family psychosocial interventions are recommended as first-line treatments to reduce stress in families that have a member experiencing psychotic illness. Clinical strategies to be taught and practised include goal setting, problem solving, communication training, information provision and relapse prevention. With live supervision, there is little or no separation between the mechanisms of teaching, learning, supervising and applying learning to skills deployed in the tight situational context that is the family environment. Two findings of this pilot study were that a new schema of learning was required for such training and that anxieties on all sides should be taken into account as well as evident benefits. The discussion includes implications for researchers and future family intervention training and commissioning. Footer
‘With live supervision, there is little separation between teaching, learning, supervising and applying learning’
Measures- Data collection Locus of control does show changes scores for 2 student’s. The lower scores indicate a move towards a more internalised locus of control for these students. Practitioners in this group all thought that their clinical interventions contributed to a good outcome for their clients. Locus of Control refers to the extent to which an individual believes an outcome or goal has been determined by their own actions or by other external factors such as luck,chance, fate, others. Evaluation of the course was completion of the General Perceived Self-Efficacy and Locus of Control measures. Data collected from the students before, during and 12 months after completion of the course. A focus group based on grounded theory research was arranged. Self-efficacy relates to the conviction a person holds regarding their ability to achieve goals, in this case supporting families in the management and treatment of their relative’s symptoms.
Findings Minimal change to perceived self-efficacy, which would indicate limited effect of the training on levels of self- efficacy. Locus of control does show changes scores for 2 student’s. The lower scores indicate a move towards a more internalised locus of control for these students. Practitioners in this group all thought that their clinical interventions contributed to a good outcome for their clients.
Supervision in Harrogate Present a current family to group Any stage of work Formulation Problem solving Supportive Educational
Business meeting in Harrogate New referrals Current families Update on development plans Feedback from implementers group Literature and articles Feedback on training
Conclusions A small family intervention service has flourished. Supervision is provided. Module has been repeated in another locality.
Finally Larger trials of ‘naturalistic learning’ methods and the use of measures of, for example, self-efficacy and confidence, as well as competence, need to be undertaken which could suggest beneficial outcomes in other areas of education and service provision.
Reference Savage Grainge A, Bulmer C, Fleming M, Allen R. (2013) Using Live supervision to develop family intervention service. Mental Health Practice, Vol 16, 12-18.